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Echinoneus

Echinoidea - Echinoneoida - Echinoneidae

Taxonomy
Echinoneus was named by Leske (1778) [Sepkoski's age data: T Ol-u R Sepkoski's reference number: 956]. It is extant.

It was assigned to Holectypoida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Echinoneidae by Grant and Hertlein (1938), Cooke (1942), Morishita (1964), Nisiyama (1966), Wagner and Durham (1966) and Donovan et al. (2005).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1778Echinoneus Leske p. 173
1921Koehleraster Lambert and Thiery p. 331
1938Echinoneus Grant and Hertlein p. 103
1942Echinoneus Cooke p. 10
1964Echinoneus Morishita p. 278
1966Echinoneus Nisiyama p. 275
1966Echinoneus Wagner and Durham p. U445
2002Echinoneus Sepkoski
2005Echinoneus Donovan et al. p. 106
2017Koehleraster Mancosu and Nebelsick p. 339

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumEleutherozoa
Echinozoa()
RankNameAuthor
classEchinoidea()
subclassEuechinoideaBronn 1860
superorderAcroechinoidea()
Carinacea
Irregularia()
orderEchinoneoida()
familyEchinoneidae()
genusEchinoneus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. Echinoneus Leske 1778
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Echinoneus burgeri Grant and Hertlein 1938
Echinoneus orbicularis Desor 1846
Echinoneus robustus Sanchez-Roig 1953
Invalid names: Koehleraster Lambert and Thiery 1921 [synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calcitec
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: epifaunalc
Diet: grazerc
Diet 2: deposit feederc
Vision: limitedc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Created: 2004-02-28 12:05:24
Modified: 2010-02-12 04:00:29
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Aberhan 1992, Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Oligocene to the top of the Pleistocene or 33.90000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 28.4 Ma

Collections (10 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Cuba E. robustus (155854)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Jamaica E. cyclostomus (7214)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Jamaica E. cyclostomus (69729)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Italy (Sardinia) Koehleraster sp. (187431)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Wakayama) E. cyclostomus (203149)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Algeria E. lorioli (70881)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6USA (California) E. burgeri (124531)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Portugal E. cyclostomus (152330)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Cuba E. cyclostomus (91153)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Taiwan E. cyclotomus (204401)