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Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fish)

Chondrichthyes -

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1880Chondrichthyes Huxley p. 660
1881Ctenoptychius ordii Davis p. 422 figs. Pl. 22:8
1984Chondrichthyes Squires p. 56
1997Chondrichthyes Young p. 11
1998Chondrichthyes Barnes
1999Chondrichthyes Dineley and Metcalf p. 11
2002Chondrichthyes Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Chondrichthyes Meyer and Zardoya
2011Chondrichthyes Long p. 242
2014Chondrichthyes FourriƩre et al. p. 380 figs. Table 1
2017Chondrichthyes Richter et al. p. 110

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
RankNameAuthor
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
classChondrichthyes

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: nektonicc
Diet: carnivorec
Created: 2004-08-17 13:49:23
Modified: 2009-12-13 03:31:01
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Llanvirn to the top of the Holocene or 466.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 460.9 Ma

Collections (3618 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Llanvirn466.0 - 460.9Australia (Northern Territory) Chondrichthyes indet., Areyonga oervigi (90418)
Silurian443.4 - 419.2Canada (Nunavut) Kannathalepis milleri (135991)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4China (Xinjiang) Chondrichthyes sp. (182524)
Ludlow - Pridoli427.4 - 419.2Russian Federation Elegestolepis sp. (24781)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0United Kingdom (England) Onchus sp. (8325)
Ohesaare423.0 - 419.2Estonia Onchus murchisoni, Onchus tenuistriatus, Climatius curvatus (13831)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2China (Sichuan) Ischnacanthidae indet. (182549)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Estonia Onchus roemeri, Onchus tenuistriatus (13829) Onchus tenuistriatus (13830)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2United Kingdom (Shropshire) Onchus tenuistriatus (132714)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Czech Republic Onchus sp. (13894)
Pridoli - Helderberg423.0 - 391.9Russian Federation Elegestolepis sp. (24785)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8United Kingdom (England) Onchus besomensis, Onchus wheathillensis (90352)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8Canada (Nova Scotia) Onchus sp., Climatius sp. (14201)
Lochkovian - Pragian419.2 - 407.6USA (Ohio) Onchus sp. (26874)
Lochkovian - Pragian419.2 - 407.6United Kingdom (Scotland) Climatius sp. (26908)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Bolivia Gyracanthus seriponensis, Gyracanthus sp., Onchus punctuatus, Onchus sicaeformis, Onchus sp., Antarctilamna seriponensis, Climatius enodiscosta (25592)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Antarctica Machaeracanthus kayseri (35567) Machaeracanthus sp. (35564)
Devonian419.2 - 358.9USA (Kentucky) Asteracanthus siderius (87058)
Pragian - Emsian410.8 - 393.3Canada (New Brunswick) Protodus jexi (90629)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany Machaeracanthus peracutus (74300)