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Odontaspis (sand tiger shark)

Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Odontaspididae

Taxonomy
Odontaspis was named by Agassiz (1843) [Sepkoski's age data: K Camp R Sepkoski's reference number: 884 Sepkoski's age data: K Camp R Sepkoski's reference number: 884]. It is extant.

It was reranked as Lamna (Odontaspis) by Agassiz (1843); it was synonymized subjectively with Carcharias by Hay (1902).

It was assigned to Lamna by Agassiz (1843); to Carcharidae by Weiler (1938); to Lamnidae by Davis (1888), Woodward (1889), Alessandri (1896), Ameghino (1901), Chapman and Pritchard (1904), Eastman (1904), Chapman (1918), Chapman and Cudmore (1924), White (1926), Bohm (1926) and Leriche (1942); to Carchariidae by Jordan (1963); to Odontaspinae by Herman (1975); to Odontaspidae by Ciobanu (1977), Case (1978), Case (1979), Case (1981) and Bendix-Almgreen (1983); to Lamniformes by Sepkoski (2002); and to Odontaspididae by Squires (1984), Long (1992), Mors et al. (2000), Purdy et al. (2001), Compagno (2005), Cappetta and Nolf (2005) and Cantalice et al. (2019).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1843Odontaspis Agassiz p. 177
1843Lamna (Odontaspis) Agassiz p. 288
1888Odontaspis Davis p. 22
1889Odontaspis Woodward p. 353
1896Odontaspis Alessandri p. 720
1901Odontaspis Ameghino p. 82
1904Odontaspis Chapman and Pritchard p. 275
1904Odontaspis Eastman p. 78
1918Odontaspis Chapman p. 10
1924Odontaspis Chapman and Cudmore p. 122
1926Odontaspis Bohm p. 76
1926Odontaspis White p. 15
1938Odontaspis Weiler p. 8
1942Odontaspis Leriche p. 13
1963Odontaspis Jordan p. 599
1975Odontaspis Herman p. 165
1977Odontaspis Ciobanu p. 43
1978Odontaspis Case p. 190
1979Odontaspis Case p. 81
1981Odontaspis Case p. 59
1983Odontaspis Bendix-Almgreen p. 2
1984Odontaspis Squires p. 56
1992Odontaspis Long p. 24
2000Odontaspis Mors et al. p. 151
2001Odontaspis Purdy et al. p. 104
2002Odontaspis Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Odontaspis Cappetta and Nolf p. 248
2005Odontaspis Compagno
2019Odontaspis Cantalice et al. p. 431

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
RankNameAuthor
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassEuselachii()
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
Selachii
superorderGaleomorphi
orderLamniformesBerg 1958
familyOdontaspididaeMüller and Henle 1839
genusOdontaspis

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:05:21
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:05:21
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Valanginian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 139.80000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 132.9 Ma

Collections (276 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Tunisia (Medinine) Odontaspis sp. (166013)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Odontaspis macrota (84018)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0New Zealand (South Island) Lamna incurva (204190)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Switzerland Odontaspis studeri (2225)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4Switzerland Odontaspis gracilis (2256 2259) Odontaspis studeri, Odontaspis gracilis (2198)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46Switzerland Odontaspis gracilis (2175 2232)
Albian113.0 - 100.5France Odontaspis gracilis (2168)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Switzerland Odontaspis gracilis (2167 2237)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (North Carolina) Odontaspis sp. (71488)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Japan (Hokkaido) Odontaspis sp. (161435)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Egypt (Matruh) Odontaspis sp., Odontaspis bicarinatus (84550)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Russian Federation (Volgograd) Odontaspis sp. (92399)
Turonian - Coniacian93.9 - 86.3USA (New Mexico) Odontaspis sp. (56389)
Late/Upper Turonian - Early/Lower Santonian93.5 - 83.5Canada (Saskatchewan) Odontaspis saskatchewanensis (23369)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Delaware) Lamna elegans (127191) Odontaspis sahammeri (126600) Odontaspis samhammeri (126810)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Mexico (Chihuahua) Odontaspis sp. (35353)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Montana) Odontaspis sanguinei (69150 69161)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (New Jersey) Odontaspis sp. (124222)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Maryland) Lamna elegans (127194)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Alabama) Odontaspis sp. (90242)