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Rhinoptera (cownose ray)

Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1829Rhinoptera Cuvier
1843Zygobates Agassiz p. 328
1850Trikeras Harless
1865Micromesus Gill
1865Mylorhina Gill
1884Trycera Doderlein
1889Rhinoptera Woodward p. 125
1894Rhinoptera Jaekel p. 63
1919Rhinoptera Jordan and Gilbert p. 23
1926Rhinoptera Bohm p. 82
1926Rhinoptera White p. 47
1942Rhinoptera Leriche p. 57
1963Micromesus Jordan p. 605
1963Mylorhina Jordan p. 605
1963Rhinoptera Jordan p. 605
1963Zygobatis Jordan p. 605
1966Rhinoptera Cassier p. 92
1968Rhinoptera Jonet p. 254
1981Rhinoptera Case p. 71
1981Rhinoptera Thurmond and Jones p. 76
1987Rhinoptera Cappetta p. 172
1987Rhinoptera Udovichenko and Nessov p. 172
2001Rhinoptera Purdy et al. p. 95
2002Rhinoptera Sepkoski, Jr.
2009Rhinoptera Cicimurri and Knight p. 641
2017Rhinoptera Szabo et al.
2018Rhinoptera Kent p. 130

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
RankNameAuthor
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassEuselachii()
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
Batoidea
orderMyliobatiformesCompagno 1973
familyRhinopteridaeJordan and Evermann 1896
genusRhinopteraCuvier 1829

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektobenthico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:05:51
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:05:51
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Late/Upper Maastrichtian to the top of the Piacenzian or 70.60000 to 2.58800 Ma

Collections (114 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Brazil (Pernambuco) Rhinoptera prisca (167994)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Maharashtra) Rhinoptera sp. (60397)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Early/Lower Paleocene70.6 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) Rhinoptera sp. (26819)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Nigeria Rhinoptera sp. (7791)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (New Jersey) Rhinoptera sp. (3113)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Mississippi) Rhinoptera sp. (62872)
Clarkforkian56.8 - 55.8USA (South Carolina) Rhinoptera sp. (15074)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Rhinoptera davisesi (13299)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Pakistan Rhinoptera sp. (79971)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Rhinoptera sherboni (15595)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Uzbekistan Rhinoptera sherborni (45701 45702 62573)
Middle Eocene - Late/Upper Eocene48.6 - 33.9Chile Rhinoptera sp. (99479)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Nigeria Rhinoptera sherborni (60711)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Rhinoptera sherborni (41989 41992 41994 41998)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Togo Rhinoptera sp. (32991)
Lutetian - Bartonian47.8 - 38.0Egypt Rhinoptera sp. (137540 137541)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Rhinoptera sp. (16542)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Alabama) Rhinoptera sp. (16848)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Nigeria Rhinoptera sherborni (32905)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (North Carolina) Rhinoptera sp. 1, Rhinoptera sp. 2, Rhinoptera sp. (5387)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Louisiana) Rhinoptera sp. (75638)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Rhinoptera sp. (45640)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Western Sahara Rhinoptera sp. (96686 96688)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Egypt Rhinoptera sp. (137546 137547 137548 137550 137551 137552 137558 137563 137564 137568 137569 137573 137579 137580 137582 137583 137584 137586 137588)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Namibia (Sperrgebiet) Rhinoptera rasilis (149316)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Chile Rhinoptera sp. (99478)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Oman (Dhofar) Rhinoptera sp. (175334)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France Rhinoptera sp. (69805)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4Germany Rhinoptera sp. (46097)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Hungary Rhinoptera studeri, Rhinoptera schultzi (186636)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03USA (North Carolina) Rhinoptera sp. (71651)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (South Carolina) Rhinoptera studeri (97550)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil (Para) Rhinoptera studera (112580) Rhinoptera studeri (65162 112593)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Saudi Arabia Rhinoptera sp. (47026)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil Rhinoptera studeri (112581)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Venezuela (Lara) Rhinoptera sp. (145379)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India (Orissa) Rhinoptera sherborni (42842)
Aquitanian - Langhian23.03 - 13.82USA (North Carolina) Rhinoptera sp. (48887)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (South Carolina) Rhinoptera dubia (18506)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Texas) Rhinoptera sp. (18614)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588South Africa Rhinoptera dubia (22220)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (New Jersey) Zygobatis sp. (18587)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Portugal (Lisbon) Rhinoptera studeri (36628)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Pakistan (Balochistan) Rhinoptera sp. (77783)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Austria (Styria) Rhinoptera studeri, Rhinoptera schultzi (148227)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Netherlands Rhinoptera sp. (45505)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Rhinoptera sp. (187324)
MN 515.97 - 13.65Austria Rhinoptera sp. (51002)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608India (Orissa) Rhinoptera raeburni (46365)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Gifu) Rhinoptera sp. (161445)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Hokuriku) Rhinoptera sp. (161492)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Venezuela (Falcon) Rhinoptera sp. (161210)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Costa Rica Rhinoptera sp. (91357)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Austria (Styria) Rhinoptera schultzi (161913) Rhinoptera studeri (161938)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Austria (Styria) Rhinoptera studeri, Rhinoptera schultzi (161908)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Virginia) Rhinoptera sp. (126605)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Maryland) Rhinoptera sp. (18518)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Panama (Colon) Rhinoptera steindachneri (160574)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Slovakia (Bratislava) Rhinoptera sp. (161996)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland Rhinoptera sp. (162017)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (Virginia) Rhinoptera sp. (152251)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama (Colon) Rhinoptera steindachneri (160567)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama Rhinoptera sp. (24237 187583) Rhinoptera steindachneri (96700 118105)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Portugal Rhinoptera sp. (91355)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Panama (Panama) Rhinoptera sp. (191987 191989 191994 191995 191996)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Venezuela (Falcon) Rhinoptera sp. (162677)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Netherlands Rhinoptera sp. (53889)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Portugal Rhinoptera studeri (56459)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Venezuela Rhinoptera sp. (92751)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Peru Rhinoptera sp. (176133)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Costa Rica (Limon) Rhinoptera studeri (162678)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9Costa Rica (Puntarenas) Rhinoptera sp. (144596)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Portugal Rhinoptera sp. (91423)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333USA (Virginia) Rhinoptera sp. (179732)
MN 137.246 - 4.9Portugal Rhinoptera sp. (65954)
MN 137.246 - 4.9Portugal (Alvalade) Rhinoptera sp. (65955)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (South Carolina) Rhinoptera bonasus (77594)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Angola Rhinoptera brasiliensis (154111)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588USA (Florida) Rhinoptera bonasus (22712)