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Thunnini

Actinopteri - Scombriformes - Scombridae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1910Thunninae Starks p. 80
1977Thunnini Klawe p. 1
2001Thunnini Collette et al. p. 3
2004Thunnini Serdy p. 235
2011Thunnini Monsch and Bannikov p. 284

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Osteoglossocephalai
RankNameAuthor
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Euteleosteomorpha
NeoteleosteiRosen 1973
Eurypterygia(Rosen 1973)
Ctenosquamata
Acanthomorphata(Rosen 1973)
Euacanthomorphacea
Percomorphaceae
Scombrimorpharia
orderScombriformes
familyScombridae(Rafinesque 1815)
subfamilyScombrinaeRafinesque-Schmaltz 1815
tribeThunnini()
tribeThunnini()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: omnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 20:44:22
Modified: 2009-07-20 22:44:22
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Middle Eocene to the top of the Holocene or 48.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 47.8 Ma

Collections (24 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Eothynnus salmoneus, Woodwardella patellifrons, Thunnini indet. (13299)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Georgia (Abkhazia) Thunnus abchasicus (185592)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Italy Orcynus lanceolatus, Orcynus latior, Thynnus bolcensis (55239)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Ukraine (Dnipropetrovska Oblast) Thunnus abchasicus (86750)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Georgia Thunnus abchasicus (186469)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Czech Republic (Tschechien) Thynnus krambergeri (185664)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Ukraine Thunnus secretus (185593)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Azerbaijan Thunnus sp. (45737)
Aquitanian - Langhian23.03 - 13.82USA (North Carolina) Thunnus sp. (48887)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Mexico (Baja California) Euthynnus sp., Thunnus sp., Thunnus thynnus (52183)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Thunnus sp. (57700)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (California) Alciola sp. (85313)
Middle Miocene - Early/Lower Pliocene15.97 - 3.6Chile (Antwerpen) Thunnus sp. (154114)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (California) Aliciola starksi (45489)
Late/Upper Miocene - Late/Upper Pliocene11.608 - 2.588Belgium (Antwerpen) Thynnus scaldisii (47465)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Italy Orcynus prximus, Thynnus angustus, Thynnus proximus (185692)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Algeria Euthynnus sp. (186585)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6United Kingdom (England) Thynnus scaldisiensis (84794)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) Thunnus sp., Auxis sp., Thunnus thynnus (52582)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588USA (California) Thunnus sp. (184957)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Italy (Bologna) Auxis sp. (186574)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781United Kingdom (England) Thynnus thynnus (58420)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126United Kingdom (England) Thynnus thynnus (180348)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Greece (Argolida) Thunnus thynnys (182709)