|Basic info||Taxonomic history||Classification||Relationships|
|Morphology||Ecology and taphonomy||External Literature Search||Age range and collections|
Mammalia - Ungulata
If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.
|I. A. Vislobokova 2001||Orbits closed posteriorly or open. Jugular foramen confluent with posterior lacerate foramen. Alisphenoid canal absent. Pterygoid canal absent or present. Mastoid exposure on lateral or occip- ital surfaces. Supraorbital sulci weakly convergent anteriorly or parallel. Facial part of lacrimal without high frontal process. Posterior border of palatine with weak medial concavity opposite or behind M3. Upper canines medium-sized or large. Lower canines incisiform. Premolars elongated or not shortened. Radius and ulna separate. Malleolar bone usually developed. Magnum and trapezoid fused. Metapodials mand IV separate or fused.|