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Caruso

Actinopteri - Lophiiformes - Lophiidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2012Caruso Carnevale and Pietsch p. 48
2014Caruso Bannikov p. 26
2014Caruso Carnevale et al. p. 42

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Osteoglossocephalai
RankNameAuthor
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Euteleosteomorpha
NeoteleosteiRosen 1973
Eurypterygia(Rosen 1973)
Ctenosquamata
Acanthomorphata(Rosen 1973)
Euacanthomorphacea
Percomorphaceae
Percomorpharia
orderLophiiformes
suborderLophioideiCuvier
familyLophiidaeCuvier
genusCaruso

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
G. Carnevale and T. W. Pietsch 2012A member of the Lophiidae with body moderately depressed, rounded and relatively globose, and a compressed and moderately elongate tail; frontals heavily constricted in the interorbital region (distance between the lateral margins of the anteromedial extensions of the frontals is about 18% of that measured between the outer margins of the pterotics); dorsolateral ridge of the frontals smooth; elongate frontal fontanel; supraocular spines prominent, representing the anterolateral corners of the postorbital sector of the neurocranium; dorsal aspect of the parasphenoid narrow; symphysial process of the dentary absent; retroarticular process of the articular well developed; maxillary process of the palatine simple, with rounded profile; pterygoids (endo- + ecto-) greatly enlarged, ovoid in outline; subopercle with fimbri- ate posteroventral margin; 19 vertebrae; haemal spines of the abdominal vertebrae well developed and antero-posteriorly expanded; neural and haemal spines of the penultimate vertebra widely expanded; three post-cephalic dorsal-fin spines; nine dorsal-fin rays; anterior pterygiophore of the soft dorsal fin shortened and anteroposteriorly expanded, bearing two rays, one in supernumerary association; posteriormost dorsal-fin pterygiophore bearing two rays; six anal-fin rays; anteriormost and posterior-most pterygiophores bearing two rays (one supernumerary on the anterior pterygiophore); distal end of the posterior-most anal-fin pterygiophore expanded, notably globose with rounded profile; cleithral spine short; pectoral-fin radials greatly elongate, the ventralmost measuring about 23% SL; pectoral fin paddle-shaped; 14–16 pectoral-fin rays.