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Nothosaurus giganteus

Reptilia - Sauropterygia - Nothosauridae

Taxonomy
Nothosaurus giganteus was named by Münster (1834). Its type specimen is BT uncatalogued, a partial skull (skull fragments), and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Oschenberg, near Laineck, which is in a Ladinian marine horizon in Germany.

Sister species lacking formal opinion data

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1834Nothosaurus giganteus Munster p. 525
1834Nothosaurus giganteus Münster p. 525
1839Nothosaurus andriani Meyer
1844Nothosaurus angustifrons Meyer and Plieninger p. 47
1847Opeosaurus suevicus Meyer p. 82 figs. Plate 14, figs 7-9
1855Nothosaurus andriani Meyer p. 21
1855Nothosaurus giganteus Meyer p. 22
1855Opeosaurus suevicus Meyer p. 82
1855Nothosaurus angustifrons Meyer p. 84
1855Nothosaurus aduncidens Meyer p. 85
1895Nothosaurus baruthicus Geissler figs. Plate 13, fig. 2
1896Nothosaurus chelydrops Fraas p. 12
1898Nothosaurus aduncidens Spangenberg p. 407
1898Nothosaurus andriani Spangenberg p. 407
1898Nothosaurus angnotiferus Spangenberg p. 407
1898Nothosaurus chelydrops Spangenberg p. 407
1898Nothosaurus giganteus Spangenberg p. 407
1939Nothosaurus andriani Meyer
1939Paranothosaurus amsleri Peyer
1996Nothosaurus giganteus Rieppel and Wild pp. 3-4

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
orderSauropterygia
orderEosauropterygia
familyNothosauridaeBaur 1889
genusNothosaurusMünster 1834
speciesgiganteusMünster 1834

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
O. Rieppel and R. Wild 1996A species of Nothosaurus of large size, with an adult condylobasal skull length of up to 750 mm; premaxillary rostrum relatively short and broad; four fangs on each premaxilla, followed by a distinctly smaller fifth premaxillary tooth; length to width ratio of mandibular symphysis ranging from 1.0 to 1.3; postorbital with a narrow entry into the posteroventral margin of the orbit; ectopterygoid flanges at the anterior margin of the subtemporal fossa strongly developed