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Gondwanorthis

Rhynchonellata - Orthida - Nanorthidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2017Gondwanorthis Benedetto and Muñoz pp. 49 - 50

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
RankNameAuthor
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderOrthidaSchuchert and Cooper 1932
suborderOrthidinaSchuchert and Cooper 1932
superfamilyPlectorthoideaSchuchert and Le Vene 1929
familyNanorthidaeHavlicek 1977
genusGondwanorthis

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
J. L. Benedetto and D. F. Muñoz 2017Shell ventribiconvex to subequally biconvex. Ornamentation variably fascicostellate or parvicostellate; ribs rounded in profile, increasing mainly by lateral branching and, to a lesser extent, by interpolation, forming well-defined bundles distally. Medial portion of ventral valve usually accentuated by a stronger costella, which corresponds to a dorsal interspace. Ventral muscle field subtriangular or suboval in outline, with adductor field longer, wider and more elevated than diductors, bounded posteriorly by thick receding dental plates. Pedicle callist present. Notothyrial platform low, continuous with a broad, rounded median ridge not extending beyond the muscle field. Cardinal process absent or ridge-like. Fulcral plates visible at early ontogenetic stage, becoming progressively masked by secondary deposits with growth. Brachiophore plates varying through ontogeny from blade-like, subparallel, delimiting a small subrectangular notothyrial chamber, to partially or completely obliterated by secondary deposits. Dorsal muscle field quadripartite, deeply impressed; posterior adductor pair digitate or striated, of equal size or slightly larger than variably bilobed anterior adductor scars. Ventral vascular system saccate with ventral vascula media diverging laterally from their proximal extremities; dorsal vascular system apparently digitate.