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Kinosternoidea (mud turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Kinosternoidea

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1871Cinosternidae Cope p. 235
1875Cinosternidae Cope p. 16
1892Kinosternoidea Hay
1893Kinosternidae Baur p. 674
1898Cinosternidae Gadow p. 20
1946Cinosternidae Kuhn p. 58
1988Kinosternidae Carroll
1989Kinosternidae Shoshani et al. p. 436
1993Kinosternidae de Broin and de la Fuente p. 9
2001Kinosternidae Weems and George p. 572
2004Kinosternidae Joyce et al.
2004Kinosternoidea Joyce et al.
2007Kinosternoidea Joyce
2008Kinosternoidea Danilov and Parham
2011Kinosternoidea Knauss et al.
2012Kinosternidae Cadena et al. p. 545
2012Kinosternoidea Sullivan et al. p. 343
2013Kinosternidae Bourque
2013Kinosternidae Hutchison et al.
2014Kinosternoidea van Dijk et al.
2015Kinosternoidea Bourque et al.
2016Kinosternidae Brinkman et al.
2016Kinosternoidea Joyce and Bourque
2017Kinosternidae Cadena et al.
2020Kinosternoidea Carrano

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
superfamilyTrionychoideaFitzinger 1826
familyKinosternoidea()
familyKinosternoidea()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: freshwatersuperf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: aquaticsuperf
Diet: durophagesuperf
Diet 2: piscivoresuperf
Reproduction: oviparoussuperf
Created: 2005-08-26 14:33:16
Modified: 2005-08-26 16:33:16
Source: superf = superfamily, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Uetz 2005, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Campanian to the top of the Holocene or 83.50000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 72.1 Ma

Collections (154 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0China (Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region) Dermatemydidae indet. (195441)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0China (Shanxi) Dermatemydidae indet. (71840)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (New Jersey) Adocus petrosus (167781)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Mexico) Kinosternoidea indet. (76106)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Hoplochelys sp. (25073 68012 68014)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Mexico (Coahuila) Hoplochelys sp. (24258 24259 24260 24261) Kinosternoidea indet., Hoplochelys sp. (24257) Yelmochelys rosarioae (179648 179649 179650 179651)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Hoplochelys clark (99589)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Mexico) Kinosternoidea indet. (154616)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Mexico) Hoplochelys sp. (138836)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Kinosternoidea indet. (137704)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Kinosternoidea indet. (14512 14614 14615)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Agomphus masculinus (48570) Agomphus sp., Agomphus turgidus (87903) Agomphus tardus (87902)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Texas) Hoplochelys sp. (110177)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Early/Lower Paleocene70.6 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) Agomphus pectoralis (128429) Agomphus sp. (26819)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Utah) Hoplochelys sp. (14692 14736 14748 14790)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Colorado) Hoplochelys crassa (118484 176747)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7USA (Georgia) Amphiemys oxysternum (74548)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7USA (Alabama) Agomphus alabamensis (81889)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (South Carolina) Agomphus pectoralis (115152)
Torrejonian - Puercan63.3 - 63.3USA (New Mexico) Chelydra crassa (131857)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Utah) Hoplochelys sp. (14830)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (New Mexico) Hoplochelys saliens, Hoplochelys paludosa (131858)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Maryland) Kinosternoidea indet. (84046)
Clarkforkian56.8 - 55.8USA (South Carolina) Agomphus alabamensis, Agomphus pectoralis (15074)
Lostcabinian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Xenochelys lostcabinensis (168282)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Baltemys sp. (15559 59898) Baltemys staurogastros (15509 15538 15552 15553 15576 15897 168284 168285 168286 168287 168288 168289 168290 168291 168292 168293 168294 168295 168296) Baptemys sp. (15566 59894) Notomorpha gravis, Notomorpha garmanii (131859) Xenochelys lostcabinensis (168283 168297 168298 168299 168300 168301 168302 168303)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Colorado) Baptemys sp. (176835 176836 176837)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3Canada (Northwest Territories) Kinosterninae indet. (15583)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (North Dakota) Baptemys tricarinata (15895)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (New Mexico) Baltemys sp. (197329) Baptemys garmanii (176875 176893)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Wyoming) Baptemys tricarinata (131862 131863) Gomphochelys nanus (176522)
Wasatchian - Bridgerian55.8 - 46.2USA (New Mexico) Baptemys sp. (25762 25763)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Colorado) Baltemys velogastros (16241)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Xenochelys bridgerensis (16418 168275 168276 168277 168278 168279 168280 168281) Xenochelys lostcabinensis (16397)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2USA (Texas) Dermatemydidae indet. (37559)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Xenochelys sp., Baptemys sp. (16542)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Utah) Baptemys sp. (16877)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Wyoming) Xenochelys formosa (17045)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (South Dakota) Xenochelys formosa (16938 17012)
Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (Florida) Xenochelys floridensis (17476)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44USA (Texas) Dermatemys sp. (18663)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (New Mexico) Kinosternon rincon (19519)
Early/Lower Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97Panama Staurotypus moschus (89444)
Early/Lower Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Delaware) Kinosternon sp. (18579)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (176936)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (New Mexico) Kinosternon pojoaque (190947) Kinosternon skullridgescens (190948)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nebraska) Sternotherus odoratus (188779)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Texas) Kinosternon pannekollops (18355)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Kansas) Sternotherus odoratus (18450)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (18554)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333USA (Kansas) Kinosternon wakeeniense (18451)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Florida) Kinosternidae indet. (18601) Sternotherus bonevalleyensis (190949)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9Mexico Dermatemydidae indet. (181304)
Late/Upper Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Florida) Sternotherus bonevalleyensis (18599)
Late/Upper Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Nebraska) Kinosternon flavescens (18359)
early Early Hemphillian - late Early Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Florida) Kinosternidae indet. (18539)
Late/Upper Hemphillian - Blancan10.3 - 1.8USA (Tennessee) Sternotherus sp., Sternotherus palaeodorus (26574)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Kansas) Kinosternon flavescens (19928) Kinosternon subrubrum, Kinosternon flavescens (19922)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (19764) Sternotherus sp. (113275)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Nebraska) Kinosternon flavescens (19960 19963)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Arizona) Kinosternon arizonense (19628)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (New Mexico) Kinosternon flavescens (19982)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8Mexico (Michoacan) Kinosternon sp. (20072)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8Mexico (Hidalgo) Kinosternon sp. (18753 20079)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126El Salvador Kinosternon sp. (70118)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Ecuador (Santa Elena) Kinosternon sp. (185514)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Mexico (Santiago chazumba) Kinosternon integrum (190089)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) Kinosternon sp. (65405)
Quaternary2.588 - 0.0Mexico (Santiago Chazumba) Kinosternon integrum (190088)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Kansas) Sternotherus odoratus (20390 20422)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (20400 20402)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Texas) Kinosternon flavescens (20337)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp., Sternotherus sp. (20440)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Kinosternon subrubrum (154805)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Kinosternon sp., Sternotherus sp. (20604 20613)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Colombia (Cundinamarca) Kinosternon sp. (190375)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Sternotherus sp. (93259)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Tennessee) Kinosternon sp. (63429)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Georgia) Kinosternon subrubrum (152113)