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Kinosternidae

Reptilia - Testudines - Kinosternoidea

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1892Kinosternidae Hay
1966Kinosternidae Kuhn p. 25
1975Kinosternidae Gaffney p. 428
1996Kinosternidae Frank and Ramus
2014Kinosternidae van Dijk et al.
2016Kinosternidae Joyce and Bourque

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
superfamilyTrionychoideaFitzinger 1826
familyKinosternoidea()
familyKinosternidae()
familyKinosternidae()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: freshwatersuperf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: aquaticsuperf
Diet: durophagesuperf
Diet 2: piscivoresuperf
Reproduction: oviparoussuperf
Created: 2005-08-26 14:33:16
Modified: 2005-08-26 16:33:16
Source: superf = superfamily, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Uetz 2005, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Campanian to the top of the Holocene or 83.50000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 70.6 Ma

Collections (98 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Mexico (Coahuila) Hoplochelys sp. (24257) Yelmochelys rosarioae (179648 179649 179650 179651)
Lostcabinian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Xenochelys lostcabinensis (168282)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Baltemys sp. (15559 59898) Baltemys staurogastros (15509 15538 15552 15553 15576 15897 168284 168285 168286 168287 168288 168289 168290 168291 168292 168293 168294 168295 168296) Xenochelys lostcabinensis (168283 168297 168298 168299 168300 168301 168302 168303)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (New Mexico) Baltemys sp. (197329)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3Canada (Northwest Territories) Kinosterninae indet. (15583)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Xenochelys bridgerensis (16418 168275 168276 168277 168278 168279 168280 168281) Xenochelys lostcabinensis (16397)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Colorado) Baltemys velogastros (16241)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Xenochelys sp. (16542)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Wyoming) Xenochelys formosa (17045)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (South Dakota) Xenochelys formosa (16938 17012)
Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (Florida) Xenochelys floridensis (17476)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (New Mexico) Kinosternon rincon (19519)
Early/Lower Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97Panama Staurotypus moschus (89444)
Early/Lower Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Delaware) Kinosternon sp. (18579)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (176936)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (New Mexico) Kinosternon pojoaque (190947) Kinosternon skullridgescens (190948)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nebraska) Sternotherus odoratus (188779)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Texas) Kinosternon pannekollops (18355)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Kansas) Sternotherus odoratus (18450)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (18554)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333USA (Kansas) Kinosternon wakeeniense (18451)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Florida) Kinosternidae indet. (18601) Sternotherus bonevalleyensis (190949)
Late/Upper Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Nebraska) Kinosternon flavescens (18359)
Late/Upper Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Florida) Sternotherus bonevalleyensis (18599)
early Early Hemphillian - late Early Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Florida) Kinosternidae indet. (18539)
Late/Upper Hemphillian - Blancan10.3 - 1.8USA (Tennessee) Sternotherus sp., Sternotherus palaeodorus (26574)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Arizona) Kinosternon arizonense (19628)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (New Mexico) Kinosternon flavescens (19982)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Kansas) Kinosternon flavescens (19928) Kinosternon subrubrum, Kinosternon flavescens (19922)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (19764) Sternotherus sp. (113275)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8Mexico (Michoacan) Kinosternon sp. (20072)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8Mexico (Hidalgo) Kinosternon sp. (18753 20079)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Nebraska) Kinosternon flavescens (19960 19963)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126El Salvador Kinosternon sp. (70118)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Mexico (Santiago chazumba) Kinosternon integrum (190089)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Ecuador (Santa Elena) Kinosternon sp. (185514)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) Kinosternon sp. (65405)
Quaternary2.588 - 0.0Mexico (Santiago Chazumba) Kinosternon integrum (190088)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (20400 20402)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Kansas) Sternotherus odoratus (20390 20422)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Texas) Kinosternon flavescens (20337)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp., Sternotherus sp. (20440)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Kinosternon subrubrum (154805)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Kinosternon sp., Sternotherus sp. (20604 20613)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Colombia (Cundinamarca) Kinosternon sp. (190375)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Sternotherus sp. (93259)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Tennessee) Kinosternon sp. (63429)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Georgia) Kinosternon subrubrum (152113)