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Pantrionychidae

Reptilia - Testudines

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1851Trionyx priscus Leidy
1865Trionyx priscus Leidy p. 113
1868Trionyx cellulosus Cope p. 142
1869Trionyx halophilus Cope p. 12
1869Trionyx lima Cope p. 12 figs. Plate VII, Fig. 14
1869Trionyx pennatus Cope p. 12
1869Trionyx priscus Cope p. 329
1869Trionyx guttatus Leidy p. 66
1870Trionyx halophilus Cope p. 151
1870Trionyx pennatus Cope p. 152
1870Trionyx buiei Cope p. 153
1870Trionyx lima Cope p. 153 figs. Plate VII, Fig. 14
1871Anostira molopina Cope p. 461
1871Anostira oedemia Cope p. 461
1871Anostira trionychoides Cope p. 461
1871Trionyx concentricus Cope p. 461
1872Plastomenus trionychoides Cope
1873Plastomenus molopinus Cope
1873Plastomenus multifoveatus Cope
1873Plastomenus oedemius Cope
1873Plastomenus trionychoides Cope
1873Trionyx guttatus Cope
1873Trionyx heteroglyptus Cope
1873Plastomenus multifoveatus Cope p. 278
1873Trionyx guttatus Leidy
1874Plastomenus insignis Cope p. 29
1874Plastomenus punctulatus Cope p. 29
1874Trionyx vagans Cope p. 29
1874Plastomenus lachrymalis Cope p. 603
1875Plastomenus lachrymalis Cope
1875Trionyx vagans Cope
1875Plastomenus coalescens Cope p. 9
1875Plastomenus costatus Cope p. 9
1875Plastomenus catenatus Cope p. 35
1875Plastomenus communis Cope p. 35
1875Plastomenus corrugatus Cope p. 35
1875Plastomenus fractus Cope p. 35
1875Plastomenus lachrymalis Cope p. 35
1875Trionyx cariosus Cope p. 35
1875Trionyx leptomitus Cope p. 35
1875Trionyx radulus Cope p. 35
1875Plastomenus costatus Cope pp. 94, 261 figs. plate 8, fig. 8
1875Plastomenus insignis Cope p. 95
1875Trionyx lima Cope p. 362
1875Plastomenus insignis Cope pp. 433, 454
1875Plastomenus punctulatus Cope p. 453
1877Plastomenus communis Cope
1877Plastomenus corrugatus Cope
1877Plastomenus lachrymalis Cope
1877Plastomenus multifoveatus Cope
1877Plastomenus serialis Cope
1877Trionyx cariosus Cope
1877Trionyx guttatus Cope
1877Trionyx leptomitus Cope
1877Trionyx radulus Cope
1877Trionyx ventricosus Cope
1877Plastomenus serialis Cope p. 537 figs. Plate 98, fig. 13; Plate 109, figs 1-4; Text-figs 694-696
1884Plastomenus molopinus Cope
1884Plastomenus multifoveatus Cope
1884Plastomenus oedemius Cope
1884Plastomenus trionychoides Cope
1884Trionyx concentricus Cope
1884Trionyx guttatus Cope
1884Trionyx heteroglyptus Cope
1884Trionyx radulus Cope
1891Trionyx punctiger Cope p. 5
1895Trionyx virginiana Clark p. 4
1895Trionyx virginianus Clark p. 4
1901Procyclanorbis sardus Portis
1902Plastomenus communis Hay
1902Plastomenus corrugatus Hay
1902Plastomenus costatus Hay
1902Plastomenus fractus Hay
1902Plastomenus insignis Hay
1902Plastomenus lachrymalis Hay
1902Plastomenus molopinus Hay
1902Plastomenus oedemius Hay
1902Plastomenus punctulatus Hay
1902Plastomenus serialis Hay
1902Plastomenus trionychoides Hay
1902Trionyx buiei Hay
1902Trionyx cariosus Hay
1902Trionyx cellulosus Hay
1902Trionyx coalescens Hay
1902Trionyx concentricus Hay
1902Trionyx guttatus Hay
1902Trionyx halophilus Hay
1902Trionyx heteroglyptus Hay
1902Trionyx leptomitus Hay
1902Trionyx lima Hay
1902Trionyx pennatus Hay
1902Trionyx priscus Hay
1902Trionyx punctiger Hay
1902Trionyx radulus Hay
1902Trionyx vagans Hay
1902Trionyx ventricosus Hay
1902Trionyx virginianus Hay
1902Trionyx vagans Lambe p. 36
1904Trionyx cellulosus Case p. 60
1907Platypeltis antiqua Hay p. 859
1907Platypeltis amnicola Hay p. 860
1907Platypeltis trepida Hay p. 862
1907Platypeltis serialis Hay p. 863
1908Amyda salebrosa Hay
1908Plastomenus costatus Hay p. 468 figs. Plate 85, figs. 1, 2
1908Plastomenus punctulatus Hay p. 468
1908Plastomenus catenatus Hay p. 470 figs. Plate 86, fig. i
1908Plastomenus leptomitus Hay p. 471 figs. Plate 86, fig. 2; text-fig. 630
1908Plastomenus fractus Hay p. 472 figs. Plate 86, fig. 4
1908Plastomenus lachrymalis Hay p. 472
1908Plastomenus communis Hay p. 473 figs. Plate 86, figs. 6-8
1908Plastomenus corrugatus Hay p. 473 figs. Plate 86, fig. 5
1908Plastomenus oedemius Hay p. 479 figs. Figs. 640, 641
1908Plastomenus molopinus Hay p. 492 figs. Plate 85, fig. 3; text-fig. 642
1908Aspideretes vagans Hay p. 497 figs. Plate 96, fig. 3
1908Aspideretes coalescens Hay pp. 498-499 figs. Plate 88, fig. 6; plate 90, fig. 1; text-fig. 645
1908Aspideretes guttatus Hay p. 503 figs. Text-figs. 663, 664
1908Amyda prisca Hay p. 512 figs. Plate 97, figs. 2-6
1908Amyda halophila Hay p. 513 figs. Plate 96, figs. 4, 5
1908Amyda pennata Hay p. 514 figs. Plate 96, fig. 6
1908Amyda cariosa Hay p. 515 figs. Plate 86, figs. 9, 10
1908Amyda virginiana Hay p. 515 figs. Plate 96, figs. 7, 8; text-figs. 670, 671
1908Amyda ventricosa Hay p. 516 figs. Plate 98, figs. 1-6
1908Amyda radula Hay p. 517 figs. Plate 86, figs. 11, 12
1908Amyda concentrica Hay p. 520 figs. Plate 98, figs. 7-10
1908Amyda salebrosa Hay p. 524 figs. Plate 10+, fig. 1; text-fig. 680
1908Amyda egregia Hay p. 531 figs. Plate 107, figs. 1-3; text-fig. 691
1908Amyda lima Hay p. 533 figs. Plate 98, fig. 2
1908Amyda buiei Hay p. 534 figs. Plate 98, fig. 11
1908Amyda cellulosa Hay p. 534
1908Platypeltis antiqua Hay p. 537 fig. 693
1908Platypeltis serialis Hay p. 537
1908Platypeltis amnicola Hay p. 540 fig. 697
1908Platypeltis trepida Hay p. 541 fig. 698
1908Platypeltis trionychoides Hay p. 541
1908Platypeltis heteroglypta Hay p. 543 figs. Plate 98, fig. 14; plate 101, fig. 2; text-figs. 701, 702
1910Aspideretes amnigenus Hay
1915Amyda egregia Gilmore p. 156
1919Plastomenus torrejonensis Gilmore p. 55 figs. Pl. 19:2
1919Aspideretes perplexus Gilmore p. 60 figs. Pl. 19:1
1967Trionyx halophilus Miller p. 226
1982Trionyx quinni Holman p. 32 figs. 2-5
1986Plastomenus torrejonensis Sullivan and Lucas p. 204
1988Aspideretes virginianus Weems p. 118
1996Apalone amnicola Hutchison p. 340
1996Apalone heteroglypta Hutchison p. 340
1996Apalone trionychoides Hutchison p. 340
2000Hummelichelys guttatus Chkhikvadze
2000Rafetus (Axestemys) salebrosa Chkhikvadze
2004Pantrionychidae Joyce et al.
2014Aspideretoides virginianus Weems
2015Pantrionychidae Vitek and Joyce

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
suborderTrionychia
PantrionychidaeJoyce et al. 2004
PantrionychidaeJoyce et al. 2004

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: freshwatersubo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: aquaticsubo
Diet: omnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparoussubo
Created: 2005-08-26 14:49:00
Modified: 2005-08-26 16:49:00
Source: subo = suborder, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Uetz 2005, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Aptian to the top of the Late/Upper Miocene or 125.00000 to 5.33300 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 113.0 Ma

Collections (264 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aptian125.0 - 113.0China (Liaoning) Perochelys lamadongensis (167348)
Albian113.0 - 100.5China (Zhejiang) Perochelys hengshanensis (187435)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Kyrgyzstan (Osh) Trionyx sp. (92400)
Late/Upper Albian - Cenomanian105.3 - 93.9Uzbekistan (Navoi) Trionyx sp. (58471)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Uzbekistan (Karakalpakistan) Trionyx kyrgyzensis (64098)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8Mongolia (Dornogov) Amyda orlovi (79702)
Cenomanian - Santonian100.5 - 83.6Mongolia (Dornogov) Gobiapalone orlovi (55758)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Amyda halophila (131936) Trionyx priscus (129263)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0China (Nei Mongol) Aspideretes alashanensis (144651)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Uzbekistan (Karakalpakstan) Trionyx kyrgyzensis (58466 59694 68823) Trionyx species 1 (58490)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8China (Nei Mongol) Aspideretes maortuensis, Aspideretes alashanensis (66924)
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) Khunnuchelys kizylkumensis (58167 58168) Trionychidae indet. (75943)
Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian86.3 - 70.6Kazakhstan (Qyzylorda) Khunnuchelys sp. (68826) Lophorothon sp. (59702)
Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian86.3 - 70.6Kazakhstan (Qaraghandy) Khunnuchelys lophorhothon (58756)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Mongolia (Omnogov) Gobiapalone orlovi (108340)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (New Mexico) Aspideretoides sp. (144519)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Canada (Saskatchewan) Aspideretoides foveatus (177028)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Trionyx halophilus (106277)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Canada (Alberta) Aspideretes planus (177141) Aspideretoides foveatus, Aspideretoides splendidus (177029) Aspideretoides splendidus (177024) Trionyx vagans (150749)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (North Carolina) Trionyx halophilus (57918)
Judithian83.5 - 70.6USA (Wyoming) Aspideretoides foveatus (14458)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Helopanoplia sp. (25073 68012 68014 68015)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) Aspideretoides foveatus, Aspideretoides splendidus (86515)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Arizona) Plastomenus sp. (24915 32301 32302)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Utah) Aspideretoides sp. (187692) Helopanoplia sp. (187661 187662 187668 187691)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Mexico) Aspideretoides sp. (47193 76105 76107 138835 154428 154432 154462 154596 154598 154648 154657 154658 154659 154660 154661) Aspideretoides sp., Plastomeninae indet. (62317 154382) Plastomeninae indet. (154379 154662)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Montana) Aspideretes granifer (177030) Aspideretoides sp. (14452 50825) Aspideretoides splendidus (50827 177026 177027)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6China (Nei Mongol) Testudines indet. (49367)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Mongolia (Omnogov) Gobiapalone breviplastra (127679)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Montana) Axestemys sp. (183109) Helopanoplia distincta (190696 190697 190698 190699)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Mongolia (Omnogov) Gobiapalone breviplastra (13108 154391 154392)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Axestemys splendida (141582 141583) Helopanoplia distincta (45099 45111 45119 45128 45130 45136 45137 45144 45145 45299 45309 45381 45382 137718 190693 190694 190695)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Plastomenus costatus (58157)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Colorado) Aspideretoides sp. (176843) Helopanoplia distincta (176850) Helopanoplia distincta, Plastomeninae indet. (49539) Trionyx vagans, Plastomenus punctulatus, Plastomenus insignis (49524)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Mongolia (Bayankhongor) Gobiapalone breviplastra (91909)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Mexico) Aspideretoides sp. (154429)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Trionyx priscus (27563 27564 83331)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Mongolia (Tuva) Testudines indet. (76192)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Helopanoplia distincta (45389 45390 45391)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Helopanoplia sp. (57159) Helopanoplia sp., Plastomeninae A (137798)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Delaware) Trionyx halophilus (131935)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Trionyx priscus (129265)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Adocus sp. (75294) Aspideretoides sp., Helopanoplia distincta, Plastomenus sp. (75298) Helopanoplia distincta (14557 70343) Helopanoplia sp. (14565 14570) Helopanoplia sp., Plastomenine A (14579) Plastomeninae sp. (14519 14538) Plastomenus sp. (14540 75432) Plastomenus sp., Helopanoplia distincta (14514 75280)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Colorado) Helopanoplia distincta (176847)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Derrisemys sp. (14616) Derrisemys sterea (144499 176678 176680 176689) Helopanoplia distincta (14508 14525) Helopanoplia sp. (14533) Helopanoplia sp., Plastomeninae indet. (14513) Plastomeninae indet. (14512 14568 14580) Plastomenus sp. (14654) Plastomenus sp., Helopanoplia sp., Plastomeninae indet. (14653)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Helopanoplia distincta (14610 14620 14621 137704 137705 137712 137715 137730)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Axestemys sp. (189003) Plastomenus costatus (131865)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Helopanoplia sp., Plastomeninae sp. (14585)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Axestemys splendida (174241)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Montana) Atoposemys entopteros (168334 168336 168337) Derrisemys sterea (14671 168338 176681 176682 176698) Plastomenoides tetanetron (176683 176684 176685 176686 176687 176688 176699)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Utah) Plastomenus sp. (14748)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Colorado) Plastomeninae indet. (14678 176744 176752 176754 176853)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (North Dakota) Axestemys montinsana (141585)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7Canada (Alberta) Aspideretes superstes (176515)
Torrejonian - Puercan63.3 - 63.3USA (New Mexico) Plastomenus acupictus, Platypeltis antiqua, Plastomenus communis (131857)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Montana) Plastomenoides lamberti (176690 176691 176692 176693 176694) Plastomenus sp. (14913) Plastomenus sp., Hutchemys rememdium (14874)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (New Mexico) Axestemys montinsana (197327 197328)
Torrejonian - Tiffanian63.3 - 56.8USA (Montana) Aspideretes nassau (131899)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Hutchemys rememdium, Plastomenoides lamberti (15017) Plastomenoides lamberti (176696 176697)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Montana) Axestemys montinsana (15064)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Utah) Plastomenoides lamberti (176695)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Belgium (Hainaut) Trionyx erquelinnensis (188443)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (Virginia) Aspideretes virginianus (13185)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8Canada (Alberta) Aspideretes superstes (178484)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8Mongolia Gobiapalone palaeocenica (172829)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Virginia) Aspideretoides virginianus (167192) Trionyx virginiana (84048)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Wyoming) Plastomenus sp. (15082)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Colorado) Paleotrionyx quinni (120547)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Maryland) Aspideretoides virginianus (84046) Trionyx halophilus (126867)
Clarkforkian56.8 - 55.8USA (Montana) Hutchemys arctochelys (137834)
Clarkforkian56.8 - 55.8USA (Wyoming) Plastomenus sp. (15081 15119 15159 15173)
Clarkforkian56.8 - 55.8USA (South Carolina) Aspideretes virginianus (15074)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Belgium (Leval-Trahegnies) Palaeotrionyx vittatus, Trionyx levalensis (144102)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Australia (Queensland) Murgonemys braithwaitei (59088)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Marne) Palaeotrionyx vittatus (35533 35535 35539 181639 181653)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Île-de-France) Palaeotrionyx vittatus (68437)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Belgium (Hainaut) Trionyx vittatus (87947)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Belgium (Brabant) Palaeotrionyx vittatus (144103)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Axestemys byssina (141580) Eugenichelys robertemryi (85438) Plastomenus sp. (15538 15563 15759 15833 59902) Trionyx guttatus (131859)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (North Dakota) Plastomenus sp. (15895)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Trionyx pennatus (15595)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (New Mexico) Plastomenus serialis, Plastomenus catenatus, Plastomenus fractus, Plastomenus corrugatus, Plastomenus communis, Trionyx cariosus, Trionyx radulus (131867) Trionyx leptomitus (177021) Trionyx ventricosus (131938)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6France (Marne) Palaeotrionyx vittatus (181633)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6France (Oise) Palaeotrionyx vittatus (144104)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Maryland ) Trionyx pennatus (124192)
MP 1055.8 - 48.6United Kingdom (England) Eurycephalochelys fowleri (41829)
MP 1055.8 - 48.6France (Picardie) Eurycephalochelys vittatus (68440)
MP 8 + 955.8 - 48.6France (Picardie) Palaeotrionyx vittatus (84997)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Amyda egregia (131941) Amyda salebrosa (16211) Axestemys byssinus (16136) Plastomenus oedemius (131896) Plastomenus tantillus, Temnotrionyx manducans (131895) Plastomenus visendus (131894) Platypeltis trepida, Aspideretes guttatus, Plastomenus thomasi, Plastomenus molopinus, Platypeltis trionychoides, Platypeltis heteroglypta (16228) Trionychidae indet. (141584) Trionyx guttatus (128447) Trionyx heteroglyptus, Trionyx guttatus (16201) Trionyx thomasii, Anostira oedemia, Anostira molopina, Axestus byssinus, Trionyx concentricus, Anostira trionychoides (130809)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Colorado) Plastomenus lachrymalis (16241)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Utah) Amyda egregia (185695)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Pakistan (Punjab) Drazinderetes tethyensis (167713)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Utah) Plastomenus sp. (16877)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (North Dakota) Trionyx punctiger (17042)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44France (Allier) Palaeotrionyx vittatus (181640)
Aquitanian - Burdigalian23.03 - 15.97USA (New Jersey) Trionyx pennatus (50944)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (North Carolina) Trionyx buiei (131942)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Maryland) Trionyx cellulosus (55396 57782)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (New Jersey) Trionyx lima (18587)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Nebraska) Trionyx sp. (18284)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Italy (Cagliari) Procyclanorbis sardus (144558)