Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Sciaena

Actinopteri - Acanthuriformes - Sciaenidae

Taxonomy
Sciaena was named by Linnaeus (1758) [Sepkoski's age data: T Mi-u R Sepkoski's reference number: 915]. It is extant.

It was assigned to Perciformes by Sepkoski (2002); to Sciaenidae by Danil'chenko (1980) and Szabo et al. (2017); and to Sciaenidae by Ebersole et al. (2019).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Sciaena Linnaeus p. 288
1980Sciaena Danil'chenko p. 134
2002Sciaena Sepkoski, Jr.
2017Sciaena Szabo et al.
2019Sciaena Ebersole et al. p. 213

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Osteoglossocephalai
RankNameAuthor
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Euteleosteomorpha
NeoteleosteiRosen 1973
Eurypterygia(Rosen 1973)
Ctenosquamata
Acanthomorphata(Rosen 1973)
Euacanthomorphacea
Percomorphaceae
Percomorpharia
orderAcanthuriformes
suborderSciaenoideiCuvier 1828
familySciaenidaeCuvier 1828
genusSciaena

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: omnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 20:44:22
Modified: 2009-07-20 22:44:22
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Lutetian to the top of the Middle Miocene or 47.80000 to 11.60800 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 41.3 Ma

Collections (11 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2USA (Louisiana) S. psuedoradians (164390)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Nigeria Otolithus simplex (60711)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Nigeria S. simplex (32905)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Louisiana) S. umbra (32925)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4USA (Louisiana) S. psuedoradians (164391)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Hungary S. sp. (186636)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Hungary S. sp. (184477)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) S. elongata, S. irregularis, S. sp. (32012)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Venezuela (Paraguana) S. sp. (118106)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Germany (Lower Saxony) S. obtusa (161965)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Denmark (Jutland) S. holsatica (34521)