Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Included Taxa
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Cynognathia

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2008Cynognathia Tatarinov
2013Cynognathia Ruta et al.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
RankNameAuthor
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderCynognathia
infraorderCynognathia

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Infraor. †Cynognathia Tatarinov 2008
show all | hide all
G. †Cynognathus Seeley 1895
hide
Cynognathus crateronotus Seeley 1895
+
Invalid names: Cynidiognathus longiceps Haughton 1924 [synonym], Cynognathus berryi Seeley 1895 [synonym], Cynognathus merenskyi Broili and Schroder 1935 [synonym], Cynognathus minor Bonaparte 1969 [synonym], Cynognathus platyceps Seeley 1895 [synonym], Karoomys browni Broom 1903 [synonym], Lycognathus ferox Broom 1913 [synonym]
Cynognathus seeleyi Broom 1913
Invalid names: Cynidiognathus Haughton 1922 [synonym], Karoomys Broom 1903 [synonym]
Unr. †Gomphodontia Seeley 1895
hide
G. †Boreogomphodon Sues and Olsen 1990
+
Boreogomphodon jeffersoni Sues and Olsen 1990
G. †Diademodon Seeley 1895
+
Diademodon browni Seeley 1894
Diademodon tetragonus Seeley 1894
+
Invalid names: Cragievarus kitchingi Brink 1965 [synonym], Diademodon laticeps Brink 1955 [synonym], Diademodon ontomophonus Seeley 1908 [synonym], Diademodon parringtoni Brink 1955 [synonym], Diademodon rhodesiensis Brink 1963 [synonym]
Invalid names: Protacmon Watson 1920 [synonym]
Fm. †Diademodontidae Haughton 1925
+
G. †Titanogomphodon Keyser 1973
+
Titanogomphodon crassus Keyser 1973
Invalid names: Cynochampsa Owen 1860 [nomen vanum], Cynochampsa laniaria Owen [nomen vanum], Gomphognathidae [synonym]
G. †Impidens Tolchard et al. 2021
+
Impidens hancoxi Tolchard et al. 2021
Fm. †Traversodontidae Huene 1936
+
G. †Andescynodon Bonaparte 1969
+
Andescynodon mendozensis Bonaparte 1969
+
Invalid names: Rusconiodon mignonei Bonaparte 1970 [synonym]
Invalid names: Rusconiodon Bonaparte 1970 [synonym]
G. †Arctotraversodon Sues et al. 1992
+
G. †Colbertosaurus Minoprio 1957
+
Colbertosaurus muralis Minoprio 1954
Invalid names: Colbertia Minoprio 1954 [replaced]
G. †Dadadon Flynn et al. 2000
+
Dadadon isaloi Flynn et al. 2000
G. †Etjoia Hendrickx et al. 2020
+
Etjoia dentitransitus Hendrickx et al. 2020
G. †Exaeretodon Cabrera 1943
+
Exaeretodon argentinus Bonaparte 1962
+
Invalid names: Belesodon argentinus Cabrera 1943 [replaced], Exaeretodon frenguellii Cabrera 1954 [synonym], Ischignathus sudamericanus Bonaparte 1963 [synonym], Proexaeretodon vincei Bonaparte 1963 [synonym]
Exaeretodon major Huene 1936
Exaeretodon riograndensis Abdala et al. 2002
Exaeretodon statisticae Chatterjee 1982
Invalid names: Ischignathus Bonaparte 1963 [synonym], Proexaeretodon Bonaparte 1963 [synonym]
Subfm. †Gomphodontosuchinae Watson and Romer 1956
+
G. †Gomphodontosuchus Huene 1928
+
G. †Megagomphodon Romer 1972
G. †Habayia Godefroit 1999
+
Habayia halbardieri Godefroit 1999
G. †Luangwa Brink 1963
+
Luangwa drysdalli Brink 1963
Luangwa sudamericana Abdala and Sa-Teixeira 2004
G. †Mandagomphodon Hopson 2013
+
Mandagomphodon hirschsoni Crompton 1972
G. †Massetognathus Romer 1967
+
Massetognathus ochagaviae Barbarena 1974
+
Invalid names: Massetognathus major Romer 1972 [synonym], Massetognathus teruggii Romer 1967 [synonym], Megagomphodon oligodens Romer 1972 [synonym]
G. †Maubeugia Godefroit and Battail 1997
+
Maubeugia lotharingica Godefroit and Battail 1997
G. †Menadon Flynn et al. 2000
+
Menadon besairiei Flynn et al. 2000
G. †Microscalenodon Hahn et al. 1988
+
Microscalenodon nanus Hahn et al. 1988
G. †Nanogomphodon Hopson and Sues 2006
+
Nanogomphodon wildi Hopson and Sues 2006
G. †Paratraversodon Kerber et al. 2024
+
Paratraversodon franciscaensis Kerber et al. 2024
G. †Pascualgnathus Bonaparte 1965
+
Pascualgnathus polanskii Bonaparte 1965
G. †Plinthogomphodon Sues et al. 1999
+
Plinthogomphodon herpetairus Sues et al. 1999
G. †Protuberum Reichel et al. 2009
+
Protuberum cabralensis Reichel et al. 2009
G. †Rosieria Godefroit and Battail 1997
+
Rosieria delsatei Godefroit and Battail 1997
G. †Ruberodon Ray 2015
+
G. †Santacruzodon Abdala and Ribeiro 2003
+
Santacruzodon hopsoni Abdala and Ribeiro 2003
G. †Scalenodon Crompton 1955
+
Scalenodon angustifrons Parrington 1946
Scalenodon attridgei Crompton 1972
Scalenodon charigi Crompton 1972
Scalenodon ribeiroae Melo et al. 2017
G. †Scalenodontoides Crompton and Ellenberger 1957
+
Scalenodontoides macrodontes Crompton and Ellenberger 1957
+
Invalid names: Belesodon leribeensis Ellenberger 1970 [synonym]
Invalid names: Belesodon Huene 1936 [synonym]
Subfm. †Sinognathinae Gao et al. 2010
+
G. †Beishanodon Gao et al. 2010
+
Beishanodon youngi Gao et al. 2010
G. †Sinognathus Young 1959
+
Sinognathus gracilis Young 1959
G. †Siriusgnathus Pavanatto et al. 2018
+
Siriusgnathus niemeyerorum Pavanatto et al. 2018
+
G. †Traversodon Huene 1936
+
Invalid names: Scalenodontinae Tatarinov 1973 [empty], Theropsodon njalilus Huene 1950 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Trirachodontidae Romer 1967
+
G. †Cricodon Crompton 1955
+
Cricodon metabolus Crompton 1955
G. †Langbergia Abdala et al. 2006
+
Langbergia modisei Abdala et al. 2006
G. †Redondagnathus Spielmann and Lucas 2012
+
Redondagnathus hunti Spielmann and Lucas 2012
G. †Trirachodon Seeley 1895
+
Trirachodon berryi Seeley 1895
Trirachodon minor Broom 1905
Invalid names: Gomphognathoidea Broom 1903 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialuc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 15:15:35
Modified: 2017-04-17 15:15:35
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Olenekian to the top of the Sinemurian or 251.20000 to 190.80000 Ma

Collections (115 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2South Africa Trirachodon sp. (190129)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2South Africa (Eastern Cape) Langbergia modisei (98620)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2China (Gansu) Beishanodon youngi (105775)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2South Africa (Free State) Langbergia modisei (98611 98612 98613 98614 98615 98616 98617 98618 98619)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Exaeretodon sp. (227834)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Zambia (Eastern) Cynognathus crateronotus (192617) Trirachodon sp., Scalenodon sp. (99437)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Namibia (Omingonde Basin) Etjoia dentitransitus (214295)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0South Africa (Eastern Cape) Cynognathus crateronotus (101963) Cynognathus crateronotus, Diademodon tetragonus (101957) Cynognathus crateronotus, Diademodon tetragonus, Silphedocynodon gymnotemporalis (92312) Cynognathus crateronotus, Protacmon reubsameni, Diademodon browni (179589) Cynognathus sp., Diademodon sp. (144319) Cynognathus sp., Diademodon sp., Cricodon metabolus (105293) Diademodon kannemeyeri, Cynognathus crateronotus, Trirachodon kannemeyeri, Trirachodon berryi, Diademodon tetragonus (177025) Diademodon sp. (101962 144122) Diademodon sp., Cricodon metabolus (105294) Diademodon sp., Cynognathus crateronotus, Cynognathus berryi, Cynognathus platyceps, Trirachodon berryi (105295) Diademodon tetragonus (197000) Impidens hancoxi (221535) Karoomys browni (144344) Trirachodon minor (80060)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Tanzania (Iringa) Cricodon metabolus (55756)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0South Africa (Free State) Trirachodon sp. (171026)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Shanxi) Sinognathus gracilis (101061)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Namibia Cynodontia indet. (99552) Cynognathidae sp. (99456) Diademodon sp. (99544) Diademodon tetragonus (99457) Trirachodon sp. (99548)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Argentina (Mendoza) Andescynodon mendozensis, Rusconiodon mignonei (101828)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Zambia Diademodon rhodesiensis (99436)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Tanzania (Ruvuma) Cricodon metabolus (181057 192618) Cynognathus crateronotus (192598) Diademodontidae indet., Trirachodon angustifrons (105297) Gomphodontosuchus brasiliensis (105298) Scalenodon angustifrons (196737) Scalenodon attridgei (159741) Scalenodon hirschsoni (105699) Scalenodon sp. (136890) Theropsodon njalilus (105767)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Antarctica Cynognathus sp., Diademodontidae indet. (105296)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0Namibia Cynognathus sp. (99551) Massetognathus sp. (99492) Titanogomphodon crassus (99459) Trirachodon sp. (99460 99540 99543)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Luangwa sudamericana (106507)
Anisian - Carnian247.2 - 228.0Zambia (Eastern) Cricodon metabolus (151894)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Argentina (La Rioja) Cynodontia indet. (13271) Massetognathus major (60301) Massetognathus pascuali (13003 26092) Massetognathus pascuali, Massetognathus teruggii (60300) Megagomphodon oligodens (60302)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Massetognathus ochagaviae (107353) Massetognathus ochagaviae, Protuberum cabralensis, Scalenodon ribeiroae (99237) Massetognathus sp. (93693 117926) Protuberum cabralensis (92809) Traversodon major (48659) Traversodon stahleckeri (72141 99415) Traversodon stahleckeri, Traversodon major (99424)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Nanogomphodon wildi (99426)
Ladinian - Carnian242.0 - 228.0Madagascar (Toliara) Dadadon isaloi (100373) Menadon besairiei (96281 96282) Traversodontidae nov. sp. 2, Traversodontidae nov. sp. 1, Menadon besairiei, Dadadon isaloi (96283)
Ladinian - Carnian242.0 - 228.0Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Luangwa sudamericana, Paratraversodon franciscaensis (214440)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Argentina (San Juan) Exaeretodon sp. (52742) Exaeretodon sp., Exaeretodon frenguellii (24877)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Argentina (Mendoza) Pascualgnathus polanskii, Diademodon tetragonus, Cynognathus minor (98604)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0India (Madhya Pradesh) Ruberodon roychowdhurii (173722)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Virginia) Massetognathus sp. (39159)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Exaeretodon riograndensis (203745) Massetognathus ochagaviae, Menadon sp., Traversodontidae type 2 (98598) Siriusgnathus niemeyerorum (196738)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Zimbabwe (Mashonaland Central) Gomphodontosuchinae indet. (228331 228333)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Argentina (La Rioja) Exaeretodon frenguellii (196384)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (North Carolina) Boreogomphodon jeffersoni (107418)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Scalenodontoides plemmyridon (89088) Traversodontidae indet. (89080)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5India (Andhra Pradesh) Exaeretodon statisticae (98628)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Argentina (Mendoza) Andescynodon mendozensis (192149)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5USA (North Carolina) Plinthogomphodon herpetairus (32343)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Exaeretodon riograndensis (98623 175572) Gomphodontosuchus brasiliensis (72086) Gomphodontosuchus sp. (56189)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (North Carolina) Traversodontidae indet. (99541)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Siriusgnathus niemeyerorum (205841 205842)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Trilophosauridae indet. (83738)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Arizona) Traversodontidae indet. (49500)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3Lesotho (Leribe) Belesodon leribeensis (106568)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3Lesotho (Mohale's Hoek) Scalenodontoides macrodontes (105770)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3South Africa (Eastern Cape) Scalenodontoides macrodontes (105771)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Luxembourg (Diekirch) Traversodontidae indet. (56047)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Belgium (Gaume) Microscalenodon nanus (114131) Traversodontidae indet., Habayia halbardieri (68882)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3France (Lorraine) Microscalenodon sp., Maubeugia lotharingica, Rosieria sp., Rosieria delsatei (36106)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8South Africa (Free State) Diademodontidae indet. (39659)