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Calcarea - Calcaronea

Calcaronea was named by Bidder (1898). It is extant.

It was reranked as the subclass Calcaronea by Bambach et al. (2007).

It was assigned to Calcarea by Sepkoski (2002), Bambach et al. (2007) and Worheide et al. (2012).

Sister taxa
Baerida, Leucosolenida, Lithonida, Sphaerocoeliida, Stellispongiida, Sycettida

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1898Calcaronea Bidder
2002Calcaronea Sepkoski, Jr.
2007Calcaronea Bambach et al. p. S6
2012Calcaronea Worheide et al. p. 44 figs. Fig. 1.8

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phylumPoriferaGrant 1836
classCalcareaBowerbank 1864
orderCalcaroneaBidder 1898
orderCalcaroneaBidder 1898

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yeso
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Comments: COMMENT: Erect and surficial, non-motile attached, suspension feeding according to Bambach et al. (2007).o
Created: 2009-05-09 18:57:37
Modified: 2009-05-09 20:57:37
Source: o = order, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Bambach et al. 2007

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Botomian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 516.00000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 513.0 Ma

Collections (250 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Antarctica Gravestockia sp. (62871)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Iran Peronidella sp. (59919)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Slovenia Corynella fabianii, Peronidella sp. A, Stellispongia sp. (36241)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Croatia Peronidella sp. (62289) Peronidella sp., Stellispongia sp. (75510)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1China (Guangxi) Elasmostoma aperiens (51154 51163) Elasmostoma sp. (51168) Peronidella sp. (47443 47445) Peronidella sp. A (116602) Stellispongia manon (51183) Stellispongia minor (47441) Stellispongia radiata (47442 47446 47451) Stellispongia sp. (47438 47447 51176 116708)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Italy Corynella turbo (75474)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1China (Guizhou) Stellispongia sp. (116698 116699 116705)
Wordian - Capitanian268.8 - 259.9China (Guizhou) Peronidella sp. (47456)
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9China (Zhejiang) Peronidella sp. (10698)
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9China (Guangxi) Stellispongia sp. (47435)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom Manon mammillaris, Scyphia tuberculata (130765) Scyphia tuberculata (95677)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17China (Guangxi) Corynella sp. (47449) Peronidella sp. (189412)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17China (Guizhou) Peronidella sp. (75027)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Guizhou) Stellispongia sp. (47457 116687)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Zhejiang) Peronidella sp. (105210 111856)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Sichuan) Peronidella sp. (36221) Stellispongia sp. (47459 116680 116682)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Hunan) Corynella sp., Peronidella sp. (24249) Peronidella sp. (24248)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Guangxi) Stellispongia radiata (47436)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Hubei) Peronidella sp., Peronidella sp. nov., Stellispongia sp. (74930)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Italy Peronidella sp. (23570)