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Tribosphenida

Mammalia -

Taxonomy
Tribosphenida was named by McKenna (1975). It is extant. It was considered monophyletic by Wang et al. (1998).

It was reranked as the infraclass Tribosphenida by McKenna (1975); it was reranked as the order Tribosphenida by Sigogneau-Russell (1992); it was reranked as the subclass Tribosphenida by Sweetman et al. (2017).

It was assigned to Cladotheria by Wang et al. (1998); to Mammalia by Flynn et al. (1999); to Boreosphenida by Luo et al. (2001); to Zatheria by McKenna (1975), Prothero (1981) and Averianov et al. (2015); and to Mammalia by Sigogneau-Russell (1992), Cifelli (1993) and Sweetman et al. (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1975Tribosphenida McKenna p. 40
1981Tribosphenida Prothero p. 321
1992Tribosphenida Sigogneau-Russell p. 390
1993Tribosphenida Cifelli p. 9413
1998Tribosphenida Wang et al.
1999Tribosphenida Flynn et al. p. 58
2001Tribosphenida Luo et al. p. 56
2015Tribosphenida Averianov et al.
2017Tribosphenida Sweetman et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTribosphenida()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 1374.7 kgs
Minimum body mass: 3 gg
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialuc
Diet: insectivoreuc
Created: 2005-09-06 19:53:51
Modified: 2005-09-07 19:44:02
Source: s = species, g = genus, c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Kay 1994, Luo et al. 2003, Johnson and Madden 1997, Vizcaíno et al. 2010, Croft et al. 2004, Carroll 1988, Kay and Meldrum 1997, Hendy et al. 2009, Legendre 1988, Uhen and Gingerich 1995, Hopson 1973

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Oxfordian to the top of the Holocene or 163.50000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 157.3 Ma

Collections (15039 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Bathonian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian167.7 - 150.8China (Liaoning) Juramaia sp. (92421)
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3China (Liaoning) Juramaia sinensis (114842)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Turkey Labes atramentosa (173369)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Turkey Labes atramentosa (173370)
Late/Upper Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Italy Labes atramentosa (196863)
Middle Berriasian145.0 - 140.2United Kingdom (England) Durlstotherium newmani, Durlstodon ensomi (72142)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Turkey Labes atramentosa (173371)
Late/Upper Valanginian - Early/Lower Barremian140.2 - 125.45USA (South Dakota) Tribosphenida indet. (135450)
Late/Upper Barremian - Aptian130.0 - 113.0Russian Federation (Buryat) Prokennalestes abramovi, Kennalestoidea indet. (58196)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0China (Liaoning) Eomaia scansoria, Sinodelphys szalayi (13937)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Acristatherium yanensis (55685)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46China (Nei Mongol) Ambolestes zhoui (106346)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5China (Liaoning) Endotherium niinomii (115165)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Mongolia (Ovorhangai) Prokennalestes trofimovi, Prokennalestes minor, Prokennalestes kozlovi, Prozalambdalestes simpsoni, Hovurlestes noyon, Insectivora indet. (77191)
Aptian - Cenomanian125.0 - 93.9China (Jilin) Zhangolestes jilinensis (72321)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0USA (Oklahoma) Holoclemensia texana, Kermackia texana (14392)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Montana) Argaliatherium robustum (14380) Carinalestes murensis (168748) Montanalestes keebleri (14382) Tribosphenida indet. (23502)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Texas) Comanchea hilli (14411) Holoclemensia sp., Clemensia texana, Kermackia texana, Trinititherium slaughteri (14375) Holoclemensia texana (14420) Holoclemensia texana, Kermackia texana, Tribosphenida indet. (14388)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Japan (Hyogo) Sasayamamylos kawaii (141507)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5USA (Utah) Culicolestes kielanae (14397 14399 14400) Tribosphenida indet., Culicolestes kielanae (14396 14398)