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Tribosphenida

Mammalia

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1975Tribosphenida McKenna p. 40
1981Tribosphenida Prothero p. 321
1987Potamotelsidae Nessov
1992Tribosphenida Sigogneau-Russell p. 390
1993Tribosphenida Cifelli p. 9413
1997Potamotelsidae McKenna and Bell
1998Tribosphenida Wang et al.
1999Tribosphenida Flynn et al. p. 58
2001Boreosphenida Luo et al. p. 56
2001Tribosphenida Luo et al. p. 56
2003Boreosphenida Luo et al. p. 1938
2011Boreosphenida Luo et al. p. 444
2015Tribosphenida Averianov et al.
2017Tribosphenida Sweetman et al.
2018Tribosphenida Panciroli et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Cladotheria
Zatheria
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTribosphenida()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Subcl. Tribosphenida McKenna 1975
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G. †Argaliatherium Cifelli and Davis 2015
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Argaliatherium robustum Cifelli and Davis 2015
G. †Brasilestes Castro et al. 2018
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Brasilestes stardusti Castro et al. 2018
G. †Carinalestes Cifelli and Davis 2015
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Carinalestes murensis Cifelli and Davis 2015
G. †Culicolestes Cifelli et al. 2016
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Culicolestes kielanae Cifelli et al. 2016
G. †Idiogenomys Ostrander 1983
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Idiogenomys ozziei Ostrander 1983
Fm. †Kermackiidae Butler 1978
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G. †Kermackia Slaughter 1971
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Kermackia texana Slaughter 1971
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Invalid names: Trinititherium slaughteri Butler 1978 [synonym]
Invalid names: Trinititherium Butler 1978 [synonym]
G. †Kielantherium Dashzeveg 1975
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Kielantherium gobiensis Dashzeveg 1975
G. †Potamotelses Fox 1972
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Invalid names: Boreosphenida Luo et al. 2001 [objective synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 1374.7 kgs
Minimum body mass: 3 gg
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialuc
Diet: insectivoreuc
Created: 2005-09-06 19:53:51
Modified: 2005-09-07 19:44:02
Source: s = species, g = genus, c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Luo et al. 2003, Hopson 1973, Uhen and Gingerich 1995, Johnson and Madden 1997, Legendre 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Longobardian to the top of the Holocene or 242.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 235.0 Ma

Collections (22212 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Spain (Alicante) Theria sp. (202238)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Pantotheria indet. G2 (194663)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1United Kingdom (Scotland) Eupantotheria indet. (139746)
Early/Lower Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Eupantotheria indet. (31054)
Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Eupantotheria indet. (39075 57124)
Late/Upper Bathonian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian167.7 - 150.8China (Liaoning) Juramaia sp. (92421)
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3China (Liaoning) Juramaia sinensis (114842)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Turkey Labes atramentosa (173369)
Kimmeridgian - Early/Lower Tithonian157.3 - 145.0Romania Labes atramentosa (201710 201711)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Enneodon affinis, Enneodon crassus (12816) Eupantotheria indet. (55333)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Bulgaria Labes atramentosa (215208)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Turkey Labes atramentosa (173370)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Theria indet. (39427)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Tanzania (Lindi) Brancatherulum tendagurense (131075)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0USA (Utah) Theria indet. (57913)
Late/Upper Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Italy Labes atramentosa (196863)
Late/Upper Tithonian - Early/Lower Berriasian150.8 - 140.2Morocco (Figuig) Tribotherium africanum, Hypomylos phelizoni, Hypomylos micros (204936)
Late/Upper Tithonian - Early/Lower Berriasian150.8 - 140.2Morocco (Oriental) Tribotherium africanum, Tribotheria indet., Hypomylos sp., Hypomylos phelizoni, Hypomylos micros (45726)
Late/Upper Berriasian145.0 - 140.2United Kingdom (England) Tribactonodon bonfieldi (121520)
Middle Berriasian145.0 - 140.2United Kingdom (England) Durlstotherium newmani, Durlstodon ensomi, Pantotheria indet. (72142)