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Toxochelys

Reptilia - Testudines

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1872Cynocercus Cope
1872Cynocercus incisus Cope
1873Toxochelys Cope
1873Cynocercus incisus Leidy p. 269
1873Cynocercus Leidy p. 343
1902Cynocercus Hay p. 442
1902Cynocercus incisus Hay p. 442
1902Toxochelys Hay p. 442
1905Toxochelys Hay p. 177
1905Cynocercus Hay p. 182
1905Cynocercus incisivus Hay p. 182
1908Toxochelys Hay pp. 163-164
1908Cynocercus Hay p. 176
1953Toxochelys Zangerl p. 173
1953Cynocercus Zangerl p. 260
1953Cynocercus incisivus Zangerl p. 260
1981Toxochelys Thurmond and Jones p. 128
1988Toxochelys Carroll
1988Toxochelys Nicholls p. 185
1988Toxochelys Weems p. 141 figs. Table 2
1995Toxochelys Hirayama p. 282
2002Cynocercus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Toxochelys Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Toxochelys Joyce et al.
2007Toxochelys Joyce
2008Toxochelys Danilov and Parham
2009Toxochelys Anquetin et al.
2009Toxochelys Brinkman et al.
2014Toxochelys de Lapparent de Broin et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
RankNameAuthor
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
Durocryptodira
genusToxochelys

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
O. P. Hay 1908Skull longer than broad. No nasal bones. Carapace with large lateral fontanels. None of the peripherals in contact with the disk of the carapace. Midline with prominent carma rising at intervals into tubercles, some of which are distinct bones. Tail with a series ot comprest tubercles above. Plastron with median and lateral fontanels.