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Aves (bird)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Taxonomy
Aves was named by Linnaeus (1758). It is extant.

It was reranked as the order Aves by Baur (1887), Huene (1954) and Bakker and Galton (1974); it was reranked as the unranked clade Aves by Säve-Söderbergh (1934), Gardiner (1982), Hutchinson and Padian (1997), Holtz (1998), Padian et al. (1999), Norell and Clarke (2001) and Senter et al. (2004); it was reranked as the superorder Aves by Bakker (1986); it was reranked as the infraclass Aves by Gauthier et al. (1989), Clarke et al. (2005) and Livezey and Zusi (2007).

It was assigned to Monocondylia by Haeckel (1866); to Sauropsida by Baur (1887); to Reptiliomorpha by Säve-Söderbergh (1934); to Archosauromorpha by Huene (1954); to Dinosauria by Bakker and Galton (1974); to Haemothermia by Gardiner (1982); to Dinoaves by Bakker (1986); to Coelurosauria by Gauthier et al. (1989); to Vertebrata by Case (1904), Thurmond and Jones (1981) and Shoshani et al. (1989); to Coelurosauria by Gauthier and Padian (1985) and Currie (1995); to Chordata by Barnes (1998) and Sepkoski (2002); to Maniraptora by Benton (1990), Novas (1992), Chatterjee (1993), Holtz (1995), Holtz (1996), Hutchinson and Padian (1997), Holtz (1998) and Rauhut (2003); to Avialae by Padian et al. (1999), Holtz (2000) and Livezey and Zusi (2007); to Eumaniraptora by Chatterjee and Templin (2007); to Ornithurae by Gauthier (1986), Norell and Clarke (2001), Clarke et al. (2005) and Kurochkin et al. (2013); and to Paraves by Sereno (1997), Sereno (1998), Sereno (1999), Senter et al. (2004) and O'Connor and Sullivan (2014).

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Aves Linnaeus p. 12
1852Protopelargus Reichenbach
1852Protopelargus meyeri Reichenbach
1852Tantaleus Reichenbach
1852Tantaleus brecciensis Reichenback
1866Aves Haeckel p. CXXXIX
1866Sauriurae Haeckel p. CXXXIX
1878Eupterornis remensis Lemoine
1880Saururae Marsh p. 187
1887Aves Baur p. 101
1890Saururae Zittel p. 820
1891Proherodius Lydekker
1891Proherodius oweni Lydekker
1904Aves Case p. 58
1933Eupterornis remensis Lambrecht p. 261
1933Proherodius Lambrecht p. 316
1933Proherodius oweni Lambrecht p. 316
1934Saururae Swinton p. 12
1934Aves Säve-Söderbergh p. 17
1954Aves Huene p. 57
1974Aves Bakker and Galton p. 171
1981Aves Thurmond and Jones p. 163
1982Aves Gardiner p. 229
1984Sauriurae Martin p. 146
1985Aves Gauthier and Padian pp. 190-191 fig. 2
1986Aves Bakker p. 460
1986Aves Gauthier p. 14
1986Palaeocursornis biharicus Kessler and Jurcsák p. 290
1987Patagonichnornis Casamiquela
1988Palaeocursornis biharicus Kessler and Jurcsák
1989Aves Gauthier et al. p. 348
1989Aves Shoshani et al. p. 436
1990Aves Benton p. 19
1992Aves Novas p. 148
1993Aves Chatterjee p. 283
1995Aves Currie p. 25A
1995Aves Holtz, Jr. p. 35A
1995Tantaleus brecciensis Milkovsky
1996Aves Holtz, Jr. p. 42A
1997Sauriurae Hou
1997Aves Hutchinson and Padian p. 129
1997Aves Sereno p. 444
1998Aves Barnes
1998Aves Holtz, Jr. p. 40
1998Aves Sereno p. 65
1999Sauriurae Hou and Chen p. 834
1999Sauriurae Hou et al. p. 679
1999Aves Padian et al. p. 71 fig. 1
1999Aves Sereno p. 2139 fig. 2
2000Aves Holtz, Jr. pp. 35-36 fig. 5
2001Aves Norell and Clarke p. 183
2002Aves Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Aves Rauhut p. 156
2004Aves Senter et al. p. 2 fig. 2
2005Aves Clarke et al. p. 307
2007Aves Chatterjee and Templin p. 1577 fig. 4
2007Aves Livezey and Zusi p. 89
2013Aves Kurochkin et al.
2014Aves O'Connor and Sullivan

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
RankNameAuthor
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
classAves

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available