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Polinices shumardianus

Gastropoda - Aporrhaidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1864Lunatia shumardiana Gabb pp. 106, 224 figs. pl. 19, fig. 61
1922Gyrodes californica Packard p. 429 figs. Plate 35, figures 2a and 2b
1927Polinices shumardianus Stewart p. 325 figs. pl. 21, fig. 11
1937Euspira shumardiana Popenoe p. 398 figs. Plate 49, figure 3

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
superorderHypsogastropoda(Ponder and Lindberg 1997)
infraorderLittorinimorphaGolikov and Starobogtov 1975
superfamilyStromboidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyAporrhaidaeGray 1850
familyColombellinidaeFischer 1884
RankNameAuthor
familyHippochrenidae
familyRimellidaeStewart 1927
familyRostellariidae(Gabb 1868)
familySeraphsidaeGray 1853
familyStrombidaeRafinesque 1815
familyStruthiolariidaeFischer 1887
familyThersiteidaeSavornin 1914
familyTylostomatidaeStoliczka 1868
superfamilyNaticoidea(Forbes 1838)
familyNaticidaeGuilding 1834
subfamilyPolinicinaeGray 1847
genusPolinicesGabb 1860
speciesshumardianus(Gabb 1864)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
E. L. Packard 1922 (Gyrodes californica)Shell medium size, nearly as high as broad, spire low, consisting of three whorls, which are depressed, rounded without groove or tabulation; suture appressed; aperture subcircular, broadly rounded below and angulated above; umbilicus very small; surface sculptured by irregular lines of growth. Height of type, about 17 mm.; diameter of body whorl, 19.5 mm.