Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Charadriiformes (shorebird)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1867Charadriiformes Huxley
1898Charadriiformes Gadow p. 35
1960Charadriiformes Wetmore p. 27
1988Charadriiformes Carroll
1992Charadriiformes Guthrie p. 323
1992Charadriiformes Parmalee p. 313
2002Charadriiformes Hope pp. 357-358
2002Charadriiformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2006Charadriiformes Slack et al. p. 1150
2007Charadriiformes Livezey and Zusi p. 92
2007Charadriiformes Mayr p. 395
2007Charadriiformes Smith et al. p. 1040
2011Charadriiformes Smith p. 7
2011Charadriiformes Smith and Clarke p. 16
2013Charadriiformes Smith and Mayr p. 777
2014Charadriiformes Smith p. 227

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
orderCharadriiformesHuxley 1867
orderCharadriiformesHuxley 1867

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2017-04-17 10:41:05
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:41:05
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Benton 1983, Bush and Bambach 2015, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Maastrichtian to the top of the Holocene or 70.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 66.0 Ma

Collections (636 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Argentina (Rio Negro) Cimolopterygidae indet., Lamarqueavis australis (48999)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Argentina (Río Negro) Aves indet. (32370)
Maastrichtian - Paleocene72.1 - 56.0USA (New Jersey) Telmatornis priscus (88096)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Charadriiformes indet. sp. 1 (14516) Cimolopteryx maxima (14517)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Saskatchewan) Cimolopteryx sp. (14558)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Charadriiformes indet. sp. 1 (14527) Charadriiformes indet. sp. 1, Cimolopteryx maxima, Cimolopteryx petra (14519) Cimolopteryx minima (14565) Sarjeantopodus semipalmatus (60172)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Cimolopteryx sp., Cimolopteryx rara, Ceramornis major (14585)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Graculavus velox, Palaeotringa vagans, Graculavus pumilis (88034) Laornis edvardsianus (87902) Palaeotringa littoralis (87905) Palaeotringa vetus (87904) Telmatornis priscus, Telmatornis affinis (87903)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Early/Lower Paleocene70.6 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) Graculavidae indet., Graculavus velox, Palaeotringa littoralis, Palaeotringa vetus, Telmatornis priscus (26819)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (North Dakota) Dakotornis cooperi (15000)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8Russian Federation (Volgograd) Volgavis marina (118366)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Australia (Queensland) Graculavidae indet. (59088)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Antarctica Charadriiformes indet. (100414)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Graculavidae indet., Scolopaci indet. (15595)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6Portugal (Região Centro) Fluviatilavis antunesi (79200)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Burhinidae indet. (16296)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2USA (Wyoming) Aletornis gracilis (81455)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Ukraine (Luhansk) Charadriiformes indet. (120885)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3China (Jilin) Jiliniornis huadianensis (71665)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France (Ile-de-France Region) Numenius gypsorum (31739)