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Pantestudinoidea

Reptilia - Testudines

Discussion

panstem name

Taxonomy
Pantestudinoidea was named by Joyce et al. (2004) [Pan-Testudinoidea]. Its type is Testudo. It was considered monophyletic by Joyce et al. (2004).

It was assigned to Cryptodira by Joyce et al. (2004) and Vlachos (2018).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2004Pantestudinoidea Joyce et al.
2018Pantestudinoidea Vlachos

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
RankNameAuthor
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
Pantestudinoidea
Pantestudinoidea

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
W. G. Joyce et al. 2004‘Pantestudinoidea’ refers to the panstem that includes crown Testudinoidea. ‘Testudinoidea’ refers to the crown clade arising from the last common ancestor of Testudo graeca Linnaeus, 1758, Emys (orig. Testudo) orbicularis (Linnaeus, 1758), Batagur (orig. Emys) baska (Gray, 1831), and all other valid species listed in Appendices 8–10, but none of the other valid species listed in Appendix 1.