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Pantestudinoidea

Reptilia - Testudines

Discussion

panstem name

Taxonomy
Pantestudinoidea was named by Joyce et al. (2004) [Pan-Testudinoidea]. Its type is Testudo. It was considered monophyletic by Joyce et al. (2004).

It was assigned to Cryptodira by Joyce et al. (2004) and Vlachos (2018).

Subtaxa
Sister taxa
Testudinoidea

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2004Pantestudinoidea Joyce et al.
2018Pantestudinoidea Vlachos

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
RankNameAuthor
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
Pantestudinoidea
Pantestudinoidea

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
W. G. Joyce et al. 2004‘Pantestudinoidea’ refers to the panstem that includes crown Testudinoidea. ‘Testudinoidea’ refers to the crown clade arising from the last common ancestor of Testudo graeca Linnaeus, 1758, Emys (orig. Testudo) orbicularis (Linnaeus, 1758), Batagur (orig. Emys) baska (Gray, 1831), and all other valid species listed in Appendices 8–10, but none of the other valid species listed in Appendix 1.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: freshwatersubo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: aquaticsubo
Diet: omnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparoussubo
Created: 2005-08-26 14:49:00
Modified: 2005-08-26 16:49:00
Source: subo = suborder, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Uetz 2005

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Rhaetian to the top of the Holocene or 208.50000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 201.3 Ma

Collections (1721 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Italy (Lombardy) Emydidae indet. (38083)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Mongolia (Dornogov) Lindholmemydidae sp. (127658)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Japan (Ishikawa) Testudinoidea indet. (32324 50357 50359)
Late/Upper Barremian - Aptian130.0 - 113.0Japan (Fukui) Testudinoidea indet. (38020)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0China (Gansu) Tsaotanemys sp., Tsaotanemys rugosus, Tsaotanemys compressus, Tsaotanemys parvulus, Tsaotanemys undulatus (50727)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Mongolia (Ovorhangai) Mongolemys sp. (77191)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8Mongolia (Omnogov) Lindholmemys martinsoni, Testudines indet. (37021)
Cenomanian - Santonian100.5 - 83.6Mongolia (Dornogov) Lindholmemys martinsoni (127759) Lindholmemys sp., Lindholmemydidae indet. (108342) Mongolemys sp. (118167) Paragravemys erratica (127738)
Cenomanian - Santonian100.5 - 83.6Mongolia (Omnogov) Lindholmemydidae indet. (55254 127666)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Uzbekistan (Karakalpakstan) Khodzhakulemys occidentalis (68823) Mongolemys occidentalis (58490)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Uzbekistan (Navoi) Mongolemys sp. (58208 64682) Mongolemys sp., Khodzhakulemys occidentalis, Pseudochrysemys sp. (64685)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Karakalpakstan) Lindholmemys sp. (59698)
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) Lindholmemys elegans (46959) Lindholmemys sp. (58179)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6Tajikistan (Asht) Lindholmemys sp. (53132)
Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian86.3 - 70.6Kazakhstan (Qyzylorda) Lindholmemys gravis (68826 127817)
Early/Lower Santonian85.8 - 83.5Tajikistan Lindholmemys gravis (58701)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Mongolia (Omnogov) Hongilemys kurzanovi (127740) Lindholmemydidae indet. (100265) Mongolemys barsboldi (11582) Mongolemys elegans (37022)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1China (Shandong) Lindholmemydidae indet., Shandongemys dongwuica (179125)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Mongolia (Omnogov) Gravemys barsboldi (165580) Mongolemys elegans (38705) Mongolemys sp. (127674)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6Mongolia (Omngov) Testudinata indet. (100261)