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Pantestudinidae

Reptilia - Testudines

Discussion

panstem name

Taxonomy
Pantestudinidae was named by Joyce et al. (2004) [Pan-Testudinidae]. Its type is Testudo. It was considered monophyletic by Joyce et al. (2004) and Vlachos (2018).

It was assigned to Testudinoidea by Joyce et al. (2004) and Vlachos (2018).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2004Pantestudinidae Joyce et al.
2018Pantestudinidae Vlachos

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
Pantestudinoidea
superfamilyTestudinoidea
Pantestudinidae
Pantestudinidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
W. G. Joyce et al. 2004‘Testudinidae’ refers to the crown clade arising from the last common ancestor of Testudo graeca Linnaeus, 1758, Manouria (orig. Testudo) emys (Schlegel and Mu¨ller, 1844), and all other valid species listed in Appendix 8, but none of the other valid species listed in Appendix 1, 9, or 10. ‘Pantestudinidae’ refers to the panstem that includes crown Testudinidae.