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Mammalia (mammal)

Mammalia -

Subtaxa
Acrotheria, Allotheria, Ameghinichnidae, Amphidontidae, Anagonia, Anagonia insulata, Anisorhizus, Anisorhizus atriarius, Apotheria, Aquila ferox, Archaeodon, Archaeorycteropus patagonicus, Arrhinolemuroidea, Artiodactyla (syn. Cetartiodactyla), Atlasodon, Australosphenida, Bellua, Bondesiidae, Bunotheria, Cimolomidae, Diplocynodontidae, Diplodon ampliatus, Diplodonops (syn. Diplodon), Dipodiscidae, Dipriodontidae, Ditremata, Docodonta, Eopentapodiscidae, Eotetrapodiscus, Eotheria, Erecta, Eutriconodonta, Eutrochodon, Ferugliotheriidae, Florentinoameghinia, Fruitafossor, Gobiotheriodon (syn. Gobiodon), Hakusanodon, Helioseus, Heterolophodon, Holotheria, Homunculus imago, Hypotheria, Hypsiprymnopsis, Isolophodon aplanatus, Jeholodentidae, Juchilestes, Kuehneotheriidae, Likhoeletherium, Lophiodolodus, Lufengoconodon, Malutitetrapodiscus, Malutitetrasauropodiscus, Marsupialia, Marsupionta, Microderson, Molapopentapodiscus, Morganucodonta, Natantia, Necrolestidae, Ovovivipara, Pachydermata, Pachypithecus, Pachypithecus macrognathus, Pansirenia, Paraeopentapodiscidae, Phoca aegyptiaca, Phoca aegyptiaca antiqua, Picunia, Plagiocoelus, Pleurodon, Polyprotodonta, Praephoca, Praephoca bendullensis, Prensiculantia, Promammalia, Proplanodus, Proplanodus adnepos, Prostylophorus, Prostylophorus margeriei, Protobradidae, Protobradys, Protobradys harmonicus, Ptolemaiida, Radinskya, Sarcobora, Schadipes, Sederipes, Simioidea, Solipedia, Sororyctidae, Stenogenium aenigmaticum, Subungulata, Sukotyro, Thereuodontidae, Theriamorpha, Tikitherium, Tribosphenida, Trichechus hydropithecus, Tricorynopus, Tricuspes, Trilobodon, Vincelestes, Volaticotheria, Wanotherium, Yinotheria

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Mammalia Linnaeus p. 12
1792Sukotyro Kerr
1800Trichechus hydropithecus Shaw p. 247
1829Manatus hydropithecus Fischer p. 502
1839Phoca aegyptiaca Blainville pp. p. 43, 51 figs. Plate 10, Fig. 2
1839Phoca aegyptiaca antiqua Blainville pp. 43, 51 figs. Plate 10, fig. 2
1866Mammalia Haeckel p. CXLI
1894Homunculus imago Ameghino p. 10
1897Pachypithecus Ameghino p. 423
1897Pachypithecus macrognathus Ameghino p. 423
1901Stenogenium aenigmaticum Ameghino p. 411
1901Diplodon Roth
1901Diplodon ampliatus Roth
1902Proplanodus Ameghino p. 22
1902Proplanodus adnepos Ameghino p. 22
1902Anisorhizus Ameghino p. 27
1902Anisorhizus atriarius Ameghino p. 27
1902Diplodonops Ameghino p. 28
1902Diplodonops ampliatus Ameghino p. 28
1902Protobradidae Ameghino p. 49
1902Protobradys Ameghino p. 49
1902Protobradys harmonicus Ameghino p. 49
1902Prostylophorus Roth p. 252
1902Prostylophorus margeriei Roth p. 252
1902Picunia Roth p. 254
1904Anagonia Ameghino p. 70
1904Anagonia insulata Ameghino p. 70
1904Mammalia Case p. 3
1904Isolophodon aplanatus Roth p. 144
1905Archaeorycteropus patagonicus Ameghino p. 226
1913Aquila ferox Shufeldt p. 297
1930Mammalia Hay p. 360
1933Aquila ferox Lambrecht p. 409
1934Mammalia Säve-Söderbergh p. 17
1947Marsupionta Gregory p. 46
1948Protobradys Simpson
1948Protobradys harmonicus Simpson
1981Mammalia Thurmond and Jones p. 164
1982Mammalia Gardiner p. 229
1989Mammalia Gauthier et al. p. 342
1989Mammalia Shoshani et al. p. 436
1991Mammalia Wible
1997Mammalia McKenna and Bell
1997Protobradidae McKenna and Bell p. 82
1997Protobradys McKenna and Bell p. 82
1998Mammalia Barnes
1998Marsupionta Kirsch and Mayer p. 1234
1999Mammalia Flynn et al. p. 58
2001Australosphenida Luo et al. p. 53 fig. 57
2002Mammalia Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Australosphenida Luo et al. p. 1938
2003Mammalia Luo et al. p. 1938
2004Australosphenida Kielan-Jaworowska et al. p. 206
2008Mammalia Rowe et al. p. 1241
2011Australosphenida Averianov and Lopatin p. 34
2011Praephoca Diedrich p. 916
2011Praephoca bendullensis Diedrich p. 916 figs. Figure 1a

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
classMammalia

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 1374.7 kgs
Minimum body mass: 3 gs
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialuc
Diet: insectivoreuc
Comments: See Jenkins, Jr. and Parrington (1976) Whatley and Carrano set this to scansorial insectivore oviparous and I am unsetting it because it causes all sorts of bizarre problems; individual orders and families should be set insteadc
Created: 2005-09-06 19:53:51
Modified: 2005-09-07 19:44:02
Source: s = species, c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Luo et al. 2003, Johnson and Madden 1997, Uhen and Gingerich 1995, Hu et al. 2005, Carroll 1988, Hopson 1973, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Carnian to the top of the Holocene or 237.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 228.0 Ma

Collections (19855 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Carnian237.0 - 228.0India (Madhya Pradesh) Gondwanadon tapani (68170) Tikitherium copei (105292)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3China (Sichuan) Mammalia indet. (60501)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Colorado) Mammalia indet. (55259 193013)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Ameghinichnus sp. (52168)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3Belgium Thomasia woutersi (131520)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Greenland Mammalia indet. (27006)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Luxembourg (Diekirch) Morganucodontidae indet., Tricuspes tuebingensis (56047)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3France (Lorraine) Brachyzostrodon sp. 1, Brachyzostrodon sp. 2, Multituberculata indet., Thomasia sp., Brachyzostrodon coupatezi, Brachyzostrodon maior, Thomasia antiqua, Kuehneotherium praecursoris, Tricuspes tuebingensis, Tricuspes sigogneauae, Tricuspes tapeinodon, Thomasia moorei, Woutersia mirabilis, Woutersia butleri, Kuehneotherium stanislavi, Fluctuodon necmergor (36106) Morganucodontidae indet., Thomasia antiqua, Woutersia mirabilis (92109)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Thomasia sp. 1 (22684)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Microlestes antiquus (67914) Thomasia sp., Thomasia antiqua, Tricuspes tuebingensis, Thomasia sp. 2 (131422) Tricuspes tuebingensis (194663)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3United Kingdom (England) Hypsiprymnopsis rhaeticus (89048) Kuehneotherium sp. (12858) Thomasia anglica, Microcleptes sp., Eozostrodon parvus, Eozostrodon problematicus, Microlestes moorei, Microcleptes fissurae (120898)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Greenland Mammalia indet., Brachyzostrodon sp., Kuehneotherium sp. (27007)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Luxembourg Morganucodontidae indet., Kuehneotherium sp., Thomasia antiqua, Tricuspes sigogneauae, Tricuspes tapeinodon (67895)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Belgium (Gaume) Haramyidae indet. (114131) Thomasia woutersi (68882)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Greenland (East Greenland) Haramiyavia clemmenseni (105702)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3France (Franch-Comté) Thomasia group 2, Kuehneotheriidae indet. (60541)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Switzerland (Schaffhausen) Haramiyidae indet., Haramiyidae indet., Synapsida indet., Haramiyidae indet., Triconodonta indet., Triconodonta indet., Haramiyidae indet. (51235)
Hettangian201.3 - 199.3USA (New Jersey) Ameghinichnus sp. (62838)
Early/Lower Hettangian201.3 - 196.5Poland (Swietokrzyskie) Ameghinichnus sp. (83229)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8Lesotho (Quthing) Eotetrapodiscus cursor, Eotetrapodiscus moyenensis (56026) Grypopentapodiscus fortis (84070)