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Mammalia (mammal)

Mammalia

Subtaxa
Acrotheria, Allotheria, Ameghinichnidae, Ameghinichnus (syn. Eopentapodiscus), Anagonia, Anagonia insulata, Anisorhizus, Anisorhizus atriarius, Apotheria, Aquila ferox, Archaeorycteropus patagonicus, Arrhinolemuroidea, Atlasodon, Australosphenida, Bellua, Bondesiidae, Bunotheria, Cimolomidae, Diplodon ampliatus, Diplodonops (syn. Diplodon), Dipodiscidae, Dipriodontidae, Ditremata, Eopentapodiscidae, Eotetrapodiscus, Eotheria, Erecta, Erythrotherium, Eutriconodonta, Eutrochodon, Florentinoameghinia, Fruitafossor, Gobiotheriodon (syn. Gobiodon), Helioseus, Holotheria, Holotheria, Homunculus imago, Hypotheria, Isolophodon aplanatus, Likhoeletherium, Lophiodolodus, Lufengoconodon, Malutitetrapodiscus, Malutitetrasauropodiscus, Marsupialia, Marsupionta, Mesotheria, Microderson, Miotheria, Molapopentapodiscus, Necrolestidae, Ovovivipara, Pachydermata, Pachypithecus, Pachypithecus macrognathus, Pansirenia, Paraeopentapodiscidae, Phoca aegyptiaca, Phoca aegyptiaca antiqua, Picunia, Plagiocoelus, Pleurodon, Praephoca, Praephoca bendullensis, Prensiculantia, Promammalia, Proplanodus, Proplanodus adnepos, Prostylophorus, Prostylophorus margeriei, Protobradidae, Protobradys, Protobradys harmonicus, Prototheria, Ptolemaiida, Sarcobora, Schadipes, Sederipes, Simioidea, Solipedia, Sororyctidae, Stenogenium aenigmaticum, Stylodontidae, Subungulata, Sukotyro, Thereuodontidae, Theriamorpha, Tikitherium, Trichechus hydropithecus, Tricorynopus, Trilobodon, Uintatheriamorpha, Volaticotheria, Wanotherium, Yinotheria

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Mammalia Linnaeus p. 12
1792Sukotyro Kerr
1800Trichechus hydropithecus Shaw p. 247
1829Manatus hydropithecus Fischer p. 502
1839Phoca aegyptiaca Blainville pp. p. 43, 51 figs. Plate 10, Fig. 2
1839Phoca aegyptiaca antiqua Blainville pp. 43, 51 figs. Plate 10, fig. 2
1859Mammalia Owen p. 156
1866Mammalia Haeckel p. CXLI
1894Homunculus imago Ameghino p. 10
1897Pachypithecus Ameghino p. 423
1897Pachypithecus macrognathus Ameghino p. 423
1898Mammalia Gadow p. 39
1901Stenogenium aenigmaticum Ameghino p. 411
1902Proplanodus Ameghino p. 22
1902Proplanodus adnepos Ameghino p. 22
1902Anisorhizus Ameghino p. 27
1902Anisorhizus atriarius Ameghino p. 27
1902Diplodonops Ameghino p. 28
1902Diplodonops ampliatus Ameghino p. 28
1902Protobradidae Ameghino p. 49
1902Protobradys Ameghino p. 49
1902Protobradys harmonicus Ameghino p. 49
1902Mammalia Hay p. 553
1902Diplodon Roth
1902Diplodon ampliatus Roth p. 252
1902Prostylophorus Roth p. 252
1902Prostylophorus margeriei Roth p. 252
1902Picunia Roth p. 254
1904Anagonia Ameghino p. 70
1904Anagonia insulata Ameghino p. 70
1904Mammalia Case p. 3
1904Isolophodon aplanatus Roth p. 144
1905Archaeorycteropus patagonicus Ameghino p. 226
1911Mammalia Jaekel p. 197
1913Aquila ferox Shufeldt p. 297
1930Aquila ferox Hay p. 318
1930Mammalia Hay p. 360
1933Aquila ferox Lambrecht p. 409
1934Mammalia Säve-Söderbergh p. 17
1947Marsupionta Gregory p. 46
1948Protobradys Simpson
1948Protobradys harmonicus Simpson
1981Mammalia Thurmond and Jones p. 164
1982Mammalia Gardiner p. 229
1988Mammalia Rowe p. 245 figs. Figure 3
1989Mammalia Gauthier et al. p. 342
1989Mammalia Shoshani et al. p. 436
1991Mammalia Wible
1997Mammalia McKenna and Bell
1997Protobradidae McKenna and Bell p. 82
1997Protobradys McKenna and Bell p. 82
1998Mammalia Barnes
1998Marsupionta Kirsch and Mayer p. 1234
1999Mammalia Flynn et al. p. 58
2002Mammalia Sepkoski
2003Mammalia Luo et al. p. 1938
2008Mammalia Rowe et al. p. 1241
2011Praephoca Diedrich p. 916
2011Praephoca bendullensis Diedrich p. 916 figs. Figure 1a

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
RankNameAuthor
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
classMammalia

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Cl. Mammalia Linnaeus 1758 [mammal]
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Unr. †Allotheria Marsh 1880
+
G. †Boreodon Lambe 1902
+
Invalid names: Boreodon matutinus Lambe 1902 [nomen dubium]
Subor. †Eleutherodontida Kermack et al. 1998
+
Fm. †Hahnodontidae Sigogneau-Russell 1991
+
G. †Cifelliodon Huttenlocker et al. 2018
+
Cifelliodon wahkarmoosuch Huttenlocker et al. 2018
G. †Denisodon Hahn and Hahn 2003
+
Denisodon moroccensis Hahn and Hahn 2003
G. †Hahnodon Sigogneau-Russell 1991
+
Hahnodon taqueti Sigogneau-Russell 1991
Unr. †Euharamiyida Bi et al. 2014
+
Fm. †Arboroharamiyidae Zheng et al. 2013
+
G. †Arboroharamiya Zheng et al. 2013
+
Arboroharamiya allinhopsoni Han et al. 2017
Arboroharamiya jenkinsi Zheng et al. 2013
G. †Cryoharamiya Averianov et al. 2020
+
Cryoharamiya tarda Averianov et al. 2020
G. †Eleutherodon Kermack et al. 1998
Fm. †Kermackodontidae Butler and Hooker 2005
+
G. †Butlerodon Mao et al. 2022
+
Butlerodon quadratus Mao et al. 2022
G. †Kermackodon Butler and Hooker 2005
+
Kermackodon oxfordensis Kermack et al. 1998
+
Invalid names: Kermackodon multicuspis Butler and Hooker 2005 [synonym], Kirtlingtonia catenata Butler and Hooker 2005 [synonym], Millsodon superstes Butler and Hooker 2005 [synonym]
Invalid names: Kirtlingtonia Butler and Hooker 2005 [synonym], Millsodon Butler and Hooker 2005 [synonym]
Invalid names: Eleutherodontidae Kermack et al. 1998 [synonym]
G. †Shenshou Bi et al. 2014
+
Shenshou lui Bi et al. 2014
Fm. †Shenshouidae Mao and Meng 2019
+
G. †Qishou Mao and Meng 2019
+
Qishou jizantang Mao and Meng 2019
G. †Sineleutherus Martin et al. 2010
+
Sineleutherus issedonicus Averianov et al. 2011
Sineleutherus uyguricus Martin et al. 2010
G. †Woodeatonia Mao et al. 2022
+
Woodeatonia parva Mao et al. 2022
G. †Fractinus Higgins 2003
+
Fractinus palmorum Higgins 2003
Subor. †Gondwanatheria Mones 1987
+
Fm. †Adalatheriidae Krause et al. 2020
+
G. †Adalatherium Krause et al. 2020
+
Adalatherium hui Krause et al. 2020
G. †Argentodites Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 2007
+
Argentodites coloniensis Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 2007
G. †Ferugliotherium Bonaparte 1986
+
Ferugliotherium windhauseni Bonaparte 1986
+
Invalid names: Vucetichia gracilis Bonaparte 1990 [synonym]
Invalid names: Vucetichia Bonaparte 1990 [synonym]
G. †Groeberia Patterson 1952
+
Groeberia minoprioi Patterson 1952
Groeberia pattersoni Simpson 1970
G. †Magallanodon Goin et al. 2020
+
Magallanodon baikashkenke Goin et al. 2020
G. †Patagonia Pascual and Carlini 1987
+
Patagonia peregrina Pascual and Carlini 1987
Fm. †Sudamericidae Scillato-Yané and Pascual 1984
+
G. †Bharattherium Prasad et al. 2007
+
Bharattherium bonapartei Prasad et al. 2007
G. †Dakshina Wilson et al. 2007
+
Dakshina jederi Wilson et al. 2007
G. †Galulatherium O'Connor et al. 2019
+
Galulatherium jenkinsi O'Connor et al. 2019
G. †Gondwanatherium Bonaparte 1986
+
Gondwanatherium patagonicum Bonaparte 1986
G. †Greniodon Goin et al. 2012
+
Greniodon sylvaticus Goin et al. 2012
G. †Lavanify Krause et al. 1997
+
Lavanify miolaka Krause et al. 1997
G. †Sudamerica Scillato-Yane and Pascual 1984
+
Sudamerica ameghinoi Scillato-Yane and Pascual 1984
G. †Vintana Krause et al. 2014
+
Vintana sertichi Krause et al. 2014
G. †Trapalcotherium Rougier et al. 2009 [Trapalcó beast]
+
Trapalcotherium matuastensis Rougier et al. 2009
Invalid names: Ferugliotheriidae Bonaparte 1986 [empty]
Or. †Multituberculata Cope 1884 [multituberculate]
+
Fm. †Allodontidae Marsh 1889
+
G. †Ctenacodon Marsh 1879
+
Ctenacodon brentbaatar Bakker 1998
Ctenacodon laticeps Marsh 1881
Ctenacodon minor Falconer 1857
Ctenacodon scindens Simpson 1928
Ctenacodon serratus Marsh 1879
+
Invalid names: Ctenacodon nanus Marsh 1881 [synonym]
Invalid names: Allodon Marsh 1881 [synonym]
G. †Psalodon Simpson 1926
+
Psalodon fortis Marsh 1887
Psalodon marshi Simpson 1929
Psalodon potens Marsh 1887
G. †Ameribaatar Eaton and Cifelli 2001
+
Ameribaatar zofiae Eaton and Cifelli 2001
Fm. †Arginbaataridae Hahn and Hahn 1983
+
G. †Arginbaatar Trofimov 1980
+
Arginbaatar dimitrievae Trofimov 1980
G. †Baidabatyr Averianov et al. 2017
+
Baidabatyr clivosus Averianov et al. 2017
Subor. †Cimolodonta McKenna 1975
+
Fm. †Boffiidae Hahn and Hahn 1983
+
G. †Boffius Vianey-Liaud 1979
G. †Bryceomys Eaton 1995
+
Bryceomys fumosus Eaton 1995
Bryceomys hadrosus Eaton 1995
Bryceomys intermedius Eaton and Cifelli 2001
G. †Cedaromys Eaton and Cifelli 2001
+
Cedaromys bestia Eaton and Nelson 1991
Cedaromys minimus Eaton 2009
Cedaromys parvus Eaton and Cifelli 2001
G. †Cimexomys Sloan and Van Valen 1965
+
Cimexomys antiquus Fox 1971
Cimexomys arapahoensis Middleton and Dewar 2004
Cimexomys gregoryi Eaton 1993
Cimexomys hausoi Archibald 1982
Cimexomys judithae Sahni 1972
Cimexomys minor Sloan and Van Valen 1965
Fm. †Cimolomyidae Sloan and Van Valen 1965
+
G. †Buginbaatar Kielan-Jaworowska and Sochava 1969
G. †Cimolomys Marsh 1889
+
Invalid names: Nanomyops [synonym]
G. †Essonodon Simpson 1927
G. †Meniscoessus Cope 1882
+
Invalid names: Dipriodon Marsh 1889 [synonym], Halodon Marsh 1889 [synonym], Oracodon Marsh 1889 [synonym], Selenacodon Marsh 1889 [synonym]
G. †Paressonodon Wilson et al. 2010
Fm. †Corriebaataridae Rich et al. 2009
+
G. †Corriebaatar Rich et al. 2009
G. †Dakotamys Eaton 1995
+
Dakotamys malcolmi Eaton 1995
Superfm. †Djadochtatherioidea Kielan-Jaworowska and Hurum 2001
+
G. †Bulganbaatar Kielan-Jaworowska 1974
G. †Chulsanbaatar Kielan-Jaworowska 1974
Fm. †Djadochtatheriidae Kielan-Jaworowska and Hurum 1997
G. †Nemegtbaatar Kielan-Jaworowska 1974
Fm. †Sloanbaataridae Kielan-Jaworowska 1974
Invalid names: Chulsanbaataridae Kielan-Jaworowska 1974 [invalid subgroup]
Fm. †Eucosmodontidae Jepsen 1940
+
G. †Clemensodon Krause 1992
G. †Eucosmodon Matthew and Granger 1921
Subfm. †Eucosmodontinae Jepsen 1940
Fm. †Kogaionidae Râdulescu and Samson 1996
+
G. †Barbatodon Radulesco and Samson 1987
G. †Hainina Vianey-Liaud 1979
G. †Kogaionon Râdulescu and Samson 1996
G. †Litovoi Csiki-Sava et al. 2018
Fm. †Microcosmodontidae Holtzman and Wolberg 1977
+
G. †Acheronodon Archibald 1982
G. †Allocosmodon Fox 2005
G. †Alopocosmodon Scott et al. 2013
G. †Microcosmodon Jepsen 1930
G. †Pentacosmodon Jepsen 1940
G. †Paracimexomys Archibald 1982
+
Paracimexomys crossi Cifelli 1997
Paracimexomys magnus Sahni 1972
Paracimexomys perplexus Eaton and Cifelli 2001
Paracimexomys priscus Lillegraven 1969
Paracimexomys propriscus Hunter et al. 2010
Paracimexomys robisoni Eaton and Nelson 1991
Superfm. †Ptilodontoidea Sloan and Van Valen 1965
+
Fm. †Cimolodontidae Marsh 1889
G. †Neoliotomus Jepsen 1930
Fm. †Neoplagiaulacidae Ameghino 1890
+
Invalid names: Ectypodidae Sloan and Van Valen 1965 [synonym]
Fm. †Ptilodontidae Cope 1887
Superfm. †Taeniolabidoidea Sloan and Van Valen 1965
+
G. †Erythrobaatar Jin et al. 2022
Fm. †Lambdopsalidae Chow and Qi 1978
Fm. †Taeniolabididae Granger and Simpson 1929
G. †Uzbekbaatar Kielan-Jaworowska and Nessov 1992
+
Uzbekbaatar kizylkumensis Kielan-Jaworowska and Nessov 1992
Uzbekbaatar wardi Averianov 1999
G. †Viridomys Fox 1971
+
Viridomys orbatus Fox 1971
G. †Yubaatar Xu et al. 2015
+
Yubaatar qianzhouensis Hu and Han 2021
Yubaatar zhongyuanensis Xu et al. 2015
Invalid names: Djadochtatheria Kielan-Jaworowska and Hurum 1997 [synonym]
Fm. †Eobaataridae Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 1987
+
G. †Cheruscodon Martin et al. 2021
+
Cheruscodon balvensis Martin et al. 2021
G. †Eobaatar Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 1987
+
Eobaatar clemensi Sweetman 2009
Eobaatar hispanicus Hahn and Hahn 1992
Eobaatar magnus Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 1987
Eobaatar minor Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 1987
Eobaatar pajaronensis Hahn and Hahn 2001
G. †Hakusanobaatar Kusuhashi 2008
+
Hakusanobaatar matsuoi Kusuhashi 2008
G. †Heishanobaatar Kusuhashi et al. 2010
+
Heishanobaatar triangulus Kusuhashi et al. 2010
G. †Indobaatar Parmar et al. 2013
+
Indobaatar zofiae Parmar et al. 2013
G. †Jeholbaatar Wang et al. 2019
+
Jeholbaatar kielanae Wang et al. 2019
G. †Liaobaatar Kusuhashi et al. 2009
+
Liaobaatar changi Kusuhashi et al. 2009
G. †Loxaulax Simpson 1928
+
Loxaulax valdensis Woodward 1911
G. †Monobaatar Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 1987
+
Monobaatar mimicus Kielan-Jaworowska et al. 1987
G. †Parendotherium Crusafont-Pairó and Adrover 1966
+
Parendotherium herreroi Crusafont-Pairo and Adrover 1965
G. †Sinobaatar Hu and Wang 2002
+
Sinobaatar fuxinensis Kusuhashi et al. 2009
Sinobaatar lingyuanensis Hu and Wang 2002
Sinobaatar xiei Kusuhashi et al. 2009
G. †Tedoribaatar Kusuhashi 2008
+
Tedoribaatar reini Kusuhashi 2008
G. †Glirodon Engelmann and Callison 1999
+
Glirodon grandis Engelmann and Callison 1999
Fm. †Hahnotheriidae Butler and Hooker 2005
+
G. †Hahnotherium Butler and Hooker 2005
+
Hahnotherium antiquum Butler and Hooker 2005
Fm. †Haramyidae
+
G. †Avashishta Anantharaman et al. 2006
+
Avashishta bacharamensis Anantharaman et al. 2006
G. †Staffia Heinrich 1999
+
Staffia aenigmatica Heinrich 1999
Fm. †Paulchoffatiidae Hahn 1969
+
G. †Cimbriodon Martin et al. 2019
+
Cimbriodon multituberculatus Martin et al. 2019
G. †Galveodon Hahn and Hahn 1992
+
Galveodon nannothus Hahn and Hahn 1992
G. †Henkelodon Hahn 1977
+
Henkelodon naias Hahn 1977
Subfm. †Kuehneodontinae Hahn 1971
+
G. †Kuehneodon Hahn 1969
G. †Meketichoffatia Hahn 1993
+
G. †Paulchoffatia Kühne 1961
+
Paulchoffatia delgadoi Kuhne 1961
Subfm. †Paulchoffatiinae Hahn 1971
+
G. †Bathmochoffatia Hahn and Hahn 1998
G. †Guimarotodon Hahn 1969
G. †Kielanodon Hahn 1987
G. †Meketibolodon Hahn 1993
G. †Plesiochoffatia Hahn and Hahn 1999
+
Invalid names: Parachoffatia Hahn and Hahn 1998 [replaced]
G. †Pseudobolodon Hahn 1977
G. †Renatodon Hahn 2001
G. †Xenachoffatia Hahn and Hahn 1998
G. †Sunnyodon Kielan-Jaworowska and Ensom 1992
+
Sunnyodon notleyi Kielan-Jaworowska and Ensom 1992
Subor. †Plagiaulacida Ameghino 1889
+
Fm. †Albionbaataridae Kielan-Jaworowska and Ensom 1994
+
G. †Albionbaatar Kielan-Jaworowska and Ensom 1994
G. †Kielanobaatar Kusuhashi et al. 2010
G. †Proalbionbaatar Hahn and Hahn 1998
Superfm. †Allodontoidea Marsh 1889
+
G. †Passumys Cifelli et al. 2014
G. †Argillomys Cifelli et al. 2013
+
Argillomys marylandensis Cifelli et al. 2013
G. †Iberica Badiola et al. 2011
+
Iberica hahni Badiola et al. 2011
G. †Janumys Eaton and Cifelli 2001
+
Janumys erebos Eaton and Cifelli 2001
Fm. †Pinheirodontidae Hahn and Hahn 1999
+
G. †Bernardodon Hahn and Hahn 1999
G. †Bructerodon Martin et al. 2021
G. †Cantalera Badiola et al. 2008
G. †Ecprepaulax Hahn and Hahn 1999
G. †Gerhardodon Kielan-Jaworowska and Ensom 1992
G. †Iberodon Hahn and Hahn 1999
G. †Lavocatia Canudo and Cuenca-Bescós 1996
G. †Pinheirodon Hahn and Hahn 1999
G. †Teutonodon Martin et al. 2016
Fm. †Plagiaulacidae Gill 1872
+
G. †Bolodon Owen 1871
+
Invalid names: Plioprion Cope 1884 [synonym]
G. †Plagiaulax Falconer 1857
Invalid names: Bolodontidae Osborn 1887 [synonym], Plagiaulacinae Gill 1872 [empty]
Invalid names: Gondwanatherioidea Bonaparte 1986 [empty], Paulchoffatioidea Hahn 1969 [empty], Polymastodontidae Cope 1884 [empty]
G. †Rugosodon Yuan et al. 2013
+
Rugosodon eurasiaticus Yuan et al. 2013
G. †Tagaria Averianov et al. 2020
+
Tagaria antiqua Averianov et al. 2020
G. †Tashtykia Averianov et al. 2020
+
Tashtykia primaeva Averianov et al. 2020
Subor. †Tritylodontoidea Simpson 1928
+
Invalid names: Bienotheriidae Young 1940 [empty]
Fm. †Zofiabaataridae Bakker 1992
+
G. †Zofiabaatar Bakker and Carpenter 1990
+
Zofiabaatar pulcher Bakker and Carpenter 1990
Or. †Symmetrodonta Simpson 1925 [symmetrodont]
+
Fm. †Amphidontidae Simpson 1925
+
G. †Acinacodus Lopatin et al. 2010
+
Acinacodus tagaricus Lopatin et al. 2010
G. †Amphidon Simpson 1925
+
Amphidon aequicrurius Simpson 1925
Amphidon superstes Simpson 1925
G. †Manchurodon Yabe and Shikama 1938
+
Manchurodon simplicidens Yabe and Shikama 1938
G. †Nakunodon Yadagiri 1985
+
Nakunodon paikasiensis Yadagiri 1985
G. †Kuehneon Kretzoi 1960
+
Kuehneon duchyense Kretzoi 1960
G. †Trishulotherium Yadagiri 1984
+
Trishulotherium kotaensis Yadagiri 1984
Fm. †Woutersiidae Sigogneau-Russell and Hahn 1995
+
G. †Woutersia Sigogneau-Russell 1983
+
Woutersia butleri Sigogneau-Russell and Hahn 1995
Woutersia mirabilis Sigogneau-Russell 1983
Invalid names: Barbereniidae Bonaparte 1990 [empty], Spalacotheriida Prothero 1981 [empty], Tinodontida Prothero 1981 [empty]
Fm. †Ameghinichnidae Casamiquela 1961
+
G. †Catocapes Mateus et al. 2017
+
Catocapes angolanus Mateus et al. 2017
G. †Koreasaltipes Kim et al. 2017
+
Koreasaltipes jinjuensis Kim et al. 2017
G. †Ameghinichnus Casamiquela 1961
+
Ameghinichnus acutus Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus cancrivorus Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus formosus Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus fortis Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus ginsburgi Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus gracilis Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus intentus Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus major Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus manantialensis De Valais 2009
Ameghinichnus mirabilis Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus mirus Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus parvulus Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus parvus Ellenberger 1970
Ameghinichnus patagonicus Casamiquela 1961
Ameghinichnus vandijki Ellenberger 1970
Invalid names: Eopentapodiscus Ellenberger 1970 [synonym]
Subcl. †Apotheria Averianov and Lopatin 2011
+
Superor. †Archaeosymmetrodonta Averianov and Lopatin 2011
+
Invalid names: Kuehneotheria McKenna 1975 [empty]
Superor. †Archaeotriconodonta Averianov and Lopatin 2011
+
Invalid names: Dinnetheria Averianov and Lopatin 2011 [empty], Sinoconodontiformes Kinman 1994 [empty]
Superor. †Paratribosphenida Averianov and Lopatin 2011
+
Or. †Shuotheridia Chow and Rich 1982
+
Fm. †Shuotheriidae Chow and Rich 1982
+
G. †Pseudotribos Luo et al. 2007
G. †Shuotherium Chow and Rich 1982
Invalid names: Henosferida Averianov and Lopatin 2011 [empty]
Unr. †Archaeoceti Flower 1883
+
Invalid names: Basilosauroidea Mitchell 1989 [empty], Hydrothereuta Ameghino 1889 [objective synonym], Zeuglodonta Ameghino 1889 [synonym], Zeuglodontia Pictet 1853 [synonym]
Or. †Arrhinolemuroidea Ameghino 1899
+
G. †Arrhinolemur Ameghino 1898
+
Arrhinolemur scalabrinii Ameghino 1898
G. †Atlasodon Sigogneau-Russell 1991
+
Atlasodon monbaroni Sigogneau-Russell 1991
Unr. Australosphenida Luo et al. 2001
+
G. †Ambondro Flynn et al. 1999
+
Ambondro mahabo Flynn et al. 1999
Unr. †Ausktribosphenida Rich et al. 1997
+
Invalid names: Ausktribosphenidae Rich et al. 1997 [empty]
G. †Ausktribosphenos Rich et al. 1997
+
Ausktribosphenos nyktos Rich et al. 1997
G. †Bishops Rich et al. 2001
+
Bishops whitmorei Rich et al. 2001
Fm. †Henosferidae Rougier et al. 2007
+
G. †Asfaltomylos Rauhut et al. 2002
+
Asfaltomylos patagonicus Rauhut et al. 2002
G. †Henosferus Rougier et al. 2007
+
Henosferus molus Rougier et al. 2007
Or. Monotremata Bonaparte 1838 [monotreme]
+
Subor. Cacodonta Ameghino 1889
+
Invalid names: Echidnidae Burnett 1830 [empty]
Fm. †Kollikodontidae Flannery et al. 1995
+
G. †Kollikodon Flannery et al. 1995
+
Kollikodon ritchiei Flannery et al. 1995
G. †Kryoryctes Pridmore et al. 2005
+
Kryoryctes cadburyi Pridmore et al. 2005
Fm. Ornithorhynchidae Gray 1825 [platypus]
+
G. †Monotrematum Pascual et al. 1992
+
Monotrematum sudamericanum Pascual et al. 1992
G. †Obdurodon Woodburne and Tedford 1975
+
Obdurodon dicksoni Archer et al. 1992
Obdurodon insignis Woodburne and Tedford 1975
Obdurodon tharalkooschild Pian et al. 2013
G. Ornithorhynchus Blumenbach 1800
+
+
Invalid names: Ornithorhynchus agilis de Vis 1886 [synonym]
G. †Steropodon Archer et al. 1985
+
Steropodon galmani Archer et al. 1985
G. †Teinolophos Rich et al. 1999
+
Teinolophos trusleri Rich et al. 1999
G. †Patagorhynchus Chimento et al. 2023
+
Patagorhynchus pascuali Chimento et al. 2023
G. †Stirtodon Rich et al. 2020
+
Stirtodon elizabethae Rich et al. 2020
Fm. Tachyglossidae Gill 1872 [echidna]
+
G. †Megalibgwilia Griffiths et al. 1991
+
Megalibgwilia ramsayi Owen 1884
G. Tachyglossus Illiger 1811
+
Tachyglossus aculeatus Shaw 1792 [short-beaked echidna]
+
Invalid names: Echidna hystrix Home 1802 [synonym]
Invalid names: Echidna Cuvier 1797 [replaced]
G. Zaglossus Gill 1877
+
Zaglossus attenboroughi Flannery and Groves 1998
Zaglossus bartoni Thomas 1907
+
Invalid names: Zaglossus bubuensis Lauri 1952 [synonym]
Zaglossus bruijni Peters and Doria 1876
+
Invalid names: Bruijnia tridactyla Du Bois 1884 [synonym], Proechidna nigroaculeata Rothschild 1892 [synonym], Proechidna villosissima Dubois 1884 [synonym]
Zaglossus hacketti Glauert 1914 [Hackett's Giant Echidna]
Zaglossus robusta Dun 1894
+
Invalid names: Ornithorhynchus maximus Dun 1894 [synonym], Zaglossus harrissoni Scott and Lord 1922 [synonym]
Invalid names: Acanthoglossus Gervais 1877 [synonym], Bruynia Dubois 1881 [synonym], Echidna oweni Kreft 1868 [nomen vanum], Proechidna Gervais 1877 [synonym], Prozaglossus Kerbert 1912 [synonym]
Invalid names: Agathodonta Ameghino 1889 [empty], Platypoda Gill 1872 [empty], Spondilocoelia Ameghino 1889 [empty], Steropodontidae Flannery et al. 1995 [empty], Tachyglossa Gill 1872 [empty]
Fm. †Bondesiidae Bonaparte 1990
+
G. †Bondesius Bonaparte 1990
+
Bondesius ferox Bonaparte 1990
Fm. †Dipodiscidae Ellenberger 1974
+
G. †Entodipodiscus Ellenberger 1974
+
Entodipodiscus priscus Ellenberger 1974
Unr. Ditremata Ameghino 1889
+
Unr. Homalodonta Ameghino 1889
+
Or. Bruta Linnaeus 1758
+
Infraor. †Pleiodonta Ameghino 1889
+
Fm. †Entelopsidae Ameghino 1889
Invalid names: Koladae Gray 1821 [empty], Priodonta Ameghino 1889 [empty]
Subcl. Unguiculata Gray 1821
+
Or. Oligodontae Gray 1821
+
Invalid names: Megatheriadae Gray 1821 [empty]
Or. Plantigradae Gray 1821
+
Invalid names: Ursinidae Gray 1821 [empty]
Or. Rosores Gray 1821
+
Invalid names: Arctomydae Gray 1821 [empty], Dipsidae Gray 1821 [empty], Halamydae Gray 1821 [empty], Myosidae Gray 1821 [empty]
Invalid names: Digitigradae Gray 1821 [empty], Edentulae Gray 1821 [empty]
G. †Eotetrapodiscus Ellenberger 1970
+
Eotetrapodiscus cursor Ellenberger 1970
Eotetrapodiscus moyenensis Ellenberger 1970
Subcl. †Eotheria Kermack and Mussett 1958
+
Or. †Triconodonta Osborn 1888 [triconodont]
+
Invalid names: Amphidontoidea Prothero 1981 [empty], Gobiconodonta Averianov and Lopatin 2011 [empty], Phascolotheria Ameghino 1889 [empty], Sinoconodontidae Mills 1971 [empty]
G. †Erythrotherium Crompton 1964
+
Erythrotherium parringtoni Crompton 1964
Or. †Eutriconodonta Kermack et al. 1973
+
G. †Chaoyangodens Hou and Meng 2014
+
Chaoyangodens lii Hou and Meng 2014
G. †Dyskritodon Sigogneau-Russell 1995
+
Dyskritodon amazighi Sigogneau-Russell 1995
Dyskritodon indicus Prasad and Manhas 2002
Fm. †Gobiconodontidae Jenkins, Jr. and Schaff 1988
+
G. †Gobiconodon Trofimov 1978
+
Gobiconodon bathoniensis Butler and Sigogneau-Russel 2016
Gobiconodon borissiaki Trofimov 1978
Gobiconodon haizhouensis Kusuhashi et al. 2016
Gobiconodon hoburensis Trofimov 1978
Gobiconodon hopsoni Rougier et al. 2001
Gobiconodon luoianus Yuan et al. 2009
Gobiconodon ostromi Jenkins, Jr. and Schaff 1988
Gobiconodon palaios Sigogneau-Russell 2003
Gobiconodon tomidai Kusuhashi et al. 2016
Gobiconodon zofiae Li et al. 2003
Invalid names: Guchinodon Trofimov 1978 [synonym]
G. †Hangjinia Godefroit and Guo 1999
+
Hangjinia chowi Godefroit and Guo 1999
G. †Huasteconodon Montellano et al. 2008
+
Huasteconodon wiblei Montellano et al. 2008
G. †Meemannodon Meng et al. 2005
+
Meemannodon lujiatunensis Meng et al. 2005
G. †Repenomamus Li et al. 2000
+
Repenomamus giganticus Hu et al. 2005
Repenomamus robustus Li et al. 2000
G. †Spinolestes Martin et al. 2015
+
Spinolestes xenarthrosus Martin et al. 2015
Invalid names: Repenomamidae Li et al. 2000 [synonym]
G. †Hakusanodon Rougier et al. 2007
+
Hakusanodon archaeus Rougier et al. 2007
G. †Indotriconodon Bajpai et al. 2024
+
Indotriconodon magnus Bajpai et al. 2024
G. †Jeholodens Ji et al. 1999
+
Jeholodens jenkinsi Ji et al. 1999
Fm. †Jeholodentidae Luo et al. 2007
+
G. †Yanoconodon Luo et al. 2007
+
Yanoconodon allini Luo et al. 2007
G. †Juchilestes Gao et al. 2010
+
Juchilestes liaoningensis Gao et al. 2010
Fm. †Klameliidae Martin and Averianov 2007
+
G. †Ferganodon Martin and Averianov 2007
+
Ferganodon naryensis Martin and Averianov 2007
G. †Klamelia Chow and Rich 1984
+
Klamelia zhaopengi Chow and Rich 1984
G. †Liaoconodon Meng et al. 2011
+
Liaoconodon hui Meng et al. 2011
G. †Sangarotherium Averianov et al. 2018
+
Sangarotherium aquilonium Averianov et al. 2018
Fm. †Triconodontidae Marsh 1887
+
Subfm. †Alticonodontinae Fox 1976
+
G. †Alticonodon Fox 1969
+
Alticonodon lindoei Fox 1969
G. †Arundelconodon Cifelli et al. 1999
+
Arundelconodon hottoni Cifelli et al. 1999
G. †Astroconodon Patterson 1951
+
Astroconodon delicatus Cifelli and Madsen 1998
Astroconodon denisoni Patterson 1951
G. †Corviconodon Cifelli et al. 1998
+
Corviconodon montanensis Cifelli et al. 1998
Corviconodon utahensis Cifelli and Madsen 1998
G. †Jugulator Cifelli and Madsen 1998
+
Jugulator amplissimus Cifelli and Madsen 1998
G. †Meiconodon Kusuhashi et al. 2009
+
Meiconodon lii Kusuhashi et al. 2009
Meiconodon setoguchii Kusuhashi et al. 2009
Tr. †Volaticotherini Meng et al. 2006
+
G. †Argentoconodon Rougier et al. 2007
G. †Ichthyoconodon Sigogneau-Russell 1995
G. †Triconolestes Engelmann and Callison 1998
G. †Volaticotherium Meng et al. 2006
G. †Eotriconodon Butler and Sigogneau-Russel 2016
+
Eotriconodon sophron Butler and Sigogneau-Russel 2016
G. †Priacodon Marsh 1887
+
Priacodon ferox Marsh 1880
Priacodon fruitaensis Rasmussen and Callison 1981
Priacodon grandaevus Simpson 1925
Priacodon lulli Simpson 1925
Priacodon robustus Marsh 1879
G. †Triconodon Owen 1859
+
Triconodon mordax Owen 1859
+
Invalid names: Triacanthodon serrula Owen 1871 [synonym], Triconodon minor Owen 1871 [synonym]
Invalid names: Triacanthodon Owen 1871 [synonym]
G. †Trioracodon Simpson 1928
+
Trioracodon bisulcus Marsh 1880
Trioracodon ferox Owen 1871
+
Invalid names: Triconodon occisor Owen 1871 [synonym]
Trioracodon major Owen 1871
Trioracodon oweni Simpson 1928
G. †Victoriaconodon Montellano et al. 2008
+
Victoriaconodon inaequalis Montellano et al. 2008
Invalid names: Triconodontinae Hay 1902 [empty]
Invalid names: Austrotriconodontidae Bonaparte 1992 [empty]
G. †Eutrochodon Roth 1904
+
Eutrochodon inceptus Roth 1904
G. †Florentinoameghinia Simpson 1932
+
G. †Fruitafossor Luo and Wible 2005
+
Fruitafossor windscheffeli Luo and Wible 2005
G. †Gobiotheriodon Trofimov 1997
+
Gobiotheriodon infinitus Trofimov 1980
Invalid names: Gobiodon Trofimov 1980 [replaced]
G. †Helioseus Sudre 1979
+
Helioseus insolitus Sudre 1979
Subcl. Holotheria Jaekel 1911
+
Invalid names: Diungulati Jaekel 1911 [empty]
G. †Likhoeletherium Ellenberger 1970
G. †Lophiodolodus Stirton 1947
+
G. †Lufengoconodon Young 1982
G. †Malutitetrapodiscus Ellenberger 1970
+
Malutitetrapodiscus minimus Ellenberger 1970
Malutitetrapodiscus pertinax Ellenberger 1970
Malutitetrapodiscus saltator Ellenberger 1970
Malutitetrapodiscus tenuis Ellenberger 1970
G. †Malutitetrasauropodiscus Ellenberger 1970
+
Malutitetrasauropodiscus tenuis Ellenberger 1970
Infracl. Marsupialia Illiger 1811 [marsupial]
+
Superor. Diprotodonta Owen 1866
+
Superfm. †Petauroidea Gill 1872
+
Fm. †Pilkipildridae Archer et al. 1987
+
G. †Dilgaringa Archer et al. 1987
G. †Djilgaringa Archer et al. 1987
G. †Pilkipildra Archer et al. 1987
Invalid names: Thylacoleoidea Gill 1872 [empty]
G. †Wirunodon Goin and Candela 2004
+
Wirunodon chanku Goin and Candela 2004
Subcl. Mesotheria Jaekel 1911
+
Or. Bimani Jaekel 1911
+
Invalid names: Anthropi Jaekel 1911 [empty], Hylobati Jaekel 1911 [empty], Paranthropi Jaekel 1911 [empty]
Invalid names: Galeopitheci Jaekel 1911 [empty], Simiae [empty]
G. †Microderson Sigogneau-Russell 1991
+
Microderson laaroussii Sigogneau-Russell 1991
Subcl. Miotheria Jaekel 1911
+
Invalid names: Haplodonti Jaekel 1911 [empty]
G. †Molapopentapodiscus Ellenberger 1970
Fm. †Paraeopentapodiscidae Ellenberger 1974
+
G. †Paraeopentapodiscus Ellenberger 1974
+
Paraeopentapodiscus intentus Ellenberger 1974
Paraeopentapodiscus parvus Ellenberger 1974
G. †Plagiocoelus Ameghino 1894
+
Plagiocoelus obliquus Ameghino 1894
G. Pleurodon Harland 1831
Or. Prensiculantia Illiger 1811
+
Fm. Cunicularia Illiger 1811
+
G. †Hypudaeus
Fm. Macropoda Illiger 1811
+
G. †Macropristis Ameghino 1889
Invalid names: Aculeata Illiger 1811 [empty], Agilia Illiger 1811 [empty], Palmipeda Illiger 1811 [empty]
Subcl. †Prototheria Gill 1872
+
Invalid names: Ornithodelphia de Blainville 1834 [empty], Ornithostomi Cope 1889 [empty]
Or. †Ptolemaiida Simons and Bown 1995
+
Fm. †Kelbidae Cote et al. 2007
+
G. †Kelba Savage 1965
+
Kelba quadeemae Savage 1965
Fm. †Ptolemaiidae Osborn 1908
+
G. †Cleopatrodon Bown and Simons 1987
+
Cleopatrodon ayeshae Bown and Simons 1987
Cleopatrodon robusta Bown and Simons 1987
G. †Ptolemaia Osborn 1908
+
Ptolemaia grangeri Bown and Simons 1987
Ptolemaia lyonsi Osborn 1908
G. †Qarunavus Simons and Gingerich 1974
+
Qarunavus meyeri Simons and Gingerich 1974
Or. Sarcobora Ameghino 1889
+
Invalid names: Dasyura Ameghino 1891 [empty]
G. †Schadipes Lockley and Foster 2003
+
Schadipes crypticus Lockley and Foster 2003
G. †Sederipes Stanford et al. 2018
+
Sederipes goddardensis Stanford et al. 2018
Fm. †Sororyctidae Gingerich et al. 1998
+
G. †Sororyctes Gingerich et al. 1998
+
Sororyctes ghaznavii Gingerich et al. 1998
Fm. †Thereuodontidae Sigogneau-Russell and Ensom 1998
+
G. †Thereuodon Sigogneau-Russell 1989
+
Thereuodon dahmani Sigogneau-Russell 1989
Thereuodon taraktes Sigogneau-Russell and Ensom 1998
Unr. Theriamorpha Rowe 1993
+
Fm. †Amphilestidae Osborn 1888
+
G. †Amphilestes Owen 1859
+
G. †Aploconodon Simpson 1925
+
Aploconodon comoensis Simpson 1925
G. †Comodon Kretzoi and Kretzoi 2000
+
Comodon gidleyi Simpson 1925
Invalid names: Phascolodon Simpson 1925 [replaced], Phascolotheridium Cifelli and Dykes 2001 [synonym]
G. †Kemchugia Averianov et al. 2005
+
Kemchugia magna Averianov et al. 2005
G. †Liaotherium Zhou et al. 1991
+
Liaotherium gracile Zhou et al. 1991
G. †Phascolotherium Owen 1838
+
Phascolotherium bucklandi Broderip 1828
Phascolotherium simpsoni Butler and Sigogneau-Russel 2016
G. †Tendagurodon Heinrich 1998
+
Tendagurodon janenschi Heinrich 1998
Invalid names: Gobiconodontinae Chow and Rich 1984 [empty]
Unr. †Theriiformes Rowe 1988
+
Fm. †Tinodontidae Marsh 1887
+
G. †Tinodon Marsh 1879
+
Tinodon bellus Marsh 1879
Tinodon lepidus Marsh 1879
+
Invalid names: Menacodon rarus Marsh 1887 [synonym]
Tinodon micron Ensom and Sigogneau-Russell 2000
Invalid names: Eurylambda Simpson 1929 [synonym], Menacodon Marsh 1887 [synonym]
G. †Yermakia Lopatin et al. 2005
+
Yermakia domitor Lopatin et al. 2005
Unr. Trechnotheria McKenna 1975
+
Unr. Cladotheria McKenna 1975
+
Fm. †Amphitheriidae Owen 1846
Superor. †Dryolestoidea Butler 1939
Fm. †Vincelestidae Bonaparte 1986
Unr. Zatheria McKenna 1975
Unr. †Spalacotherioidea Prothero 1981
+
Fm. †Spalacotheriidae Marsh 1887
Fm. †Zhangheotheriidae Rougier et al. 2003
Invalid names: Yangotheria Chow and Rich 1982 [empty], Zhangheotheria Averianov et al. 2013 [empty]
G. †Tikitherium Datta 2005
+
Tikitherium copei Datta 2005
G. †Tricorynopus Sarjeant and Langston 1994
G. †Trilobodon Roth 1902
+
Trilobodon brancoi Roth 1902
Unr. †Uintatheriamorpha Schoch and Lucas 1985
+
Or. †Dinocerata Marsh 1872 [uintathere]
+
Fm. †Prodinoceratidae Flerov 1952
+
G. †Probathyopsis Simpson 1929
+
Probathyopsis harrisorum Patterson 1939
+
Invalid names: Probathyopsis newbilli Patterson 1939 [synonym]
Probathyopsis lysitensis Kelley and Wood 1954
Probathyopsis praecursor Simpson 1929
+
Invalid names: Probathyopsis successor Jepsen 1930 [synonym], Prouintatherium hobackensis Dorr, Jr. 1958 [synonym]
Probathyopsis sinyuensis Chow and Tung 1962
Invalid names: Bathyopsoides Patterson 1939 [synonym], Prouintatherium Dorr, Jr. 1958 [synonym]
G. †Prodinoceras Matthew et al. 1929
+
Prodinoceras martyr Matthew et al. 1929
Invalid names: Ganatherium Tong 1979 [synonym], Houyanotherium Tong 1979 [synonym], Jiaoluotherium Tong 1979 [synonym], Mongolotherium Flerov 1952 [synonym], Phenaceras Tong 1979 [synonym], Pyrodon Zhai 1978 [synonym]
Fm. †Uintatheriidae Flower 1876
+
Subfm. †Gobiatheriinae Flerov 1952
+
G. †Gobiatherium Osborn and Granger 1932
Subfm. †Uintatheriinae Flower 1876
+
G. †Bathyopsis Cope 1881
G. †Eobasileus Cope 1872
+
Invalid names: Uintacolotherium Cook 1926 [synonym]
G. †Tetheopsis Cope 1885
G. †Uintatherium Leidy 1872
+
Invalid names: Dinoceras Marsh 1872 [synonym], Ditetrodon Cope 1885 [synonym], Elachoceras Scott 1886 [synonym], Octotomus Cope 1885 [synonym], Tinoceras Marsh 1872 [synonym], Uintamastix Leidy 1872 [synonym]
Invalid names: Bathyopsini Osborn 1898 [empty], Uintatheriini Flower 1876 [empty]
Invalid names: Gobiatheriidae Flerov 1952 [empty]
G. †Wanotherium Tang and Yan 1976
+
Wanotherium xuanchengensis Tang and Yan 1976
Invalid names: Acrotheria Averianov and Lopatin 2011 [empty], Anagonia Ameghino 1904 [nomen dubium], Anagonia insulata Ameghino 1904 [nomen dubium], Anisorhizus Ameghino 1902 [nomen dubium], Anisorhizus atriarius Ameghino 1902 [nomen dubium], Aquila ferox Shufeldt 1913 [nomen dubium], Archaeorycteropus patagonicus Ameghino 1905 [nomen vanum], Bellua Linnaeus 1758 [empty], Bunotheria Cope 1877 [empty], Cimolomidae Marsh 1889 [empty], Diplodon ampliatus Roth 1902 [nomen vanum], Diplodonops Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Dipriodontidae Marsh 1889 [empty], Eopentapodiscidae Ellenberger 1974 [empty], Erecta Illiger 1811 [empty], Holotheria Wible et al. 1995 [empty], Homunculus imago Ameghino 1894 [nomen dubium], Hypotheria Huxley 1880 [empty], Isolophodon aplanatus Roth 1904 [nomen vanum], Marsupionta Gregory 1947 [invalid subgroup], Necrolestidae Ameghino 1894 [empty], Ovovivipara [empty], Pachydermata Unknown [empty], Pachypithecus Ameghino 1897 [nomen dubium], Pachypithecus macrognathus Ameghino 1897 [nomen dubium], Pansirenia Velez-Juarbe and Wood 2018 [empty], Phoca aegyptiaca Blainville 1839 [nomen dubium], Phoca aegyptiaca antiqua Blainville 1839 [nomen dubium], Picunia Roth 1902 [nomen dubium], Praephoca Diedrich 2011 [nomen dubium], Praephoca bendullensis Diedrich 2011 [nomen dubium], Promammalia Haeckel [empty], Proplanodus Ameghino 1902 [nomen dubium], Proplanodus adnepos Ameghino 1902 [nomen dubium], Prostylophorus Roth 1902 [nomen dubium], Prostylophorus margeriei Roth 1902 [nomen dubium], Protobradidae Ameghino 1902 [invalid subgroup], Protobradys Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Protobradys harmonicus Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Simioidea Ameghino 1901 [empty], Solipedia Rafinesque [empty], Stenogenium aenigmaticum Ameghino 1901 [nomen dubium], Stylodontidae Marsh 1879 [empty], Subungulata Illiger 1811 [empty], Sukotyro Kerr 1792 [nomen vanum], Trichechus hydropithecus Shaw 1800 [nomen nudum], Volaticotheria Meng et al. 2006 [empty], Yinotheria Chow and Rich 1982 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 1374.7 kgs
Minimum body mass: 3 gg
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialuc
Diet: insectivoreuc
Comments: See Jenkins, Jr. and Parrington (1976) Whatley and Carrano set this to scansorial insectivore oviparous and I am unsetting it because it causes all sorts of bizarre problems; individual orders and families should be set insteadc
Created: 2005-09-06 19:53:51
Modified: 2005-09-07 19:44:02
Source: s = species, g = genus, c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Legendre 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Vizcaíno et al. 2010, Johnson and Madden 1997, Luo et al. 2011, Hopson 1973, Carroll 1988, Kay and Cozzuol 2006, Luo et al. 2003

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Carnian to the top of the Holocene or 237.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 235.0 Ma

Collections (22711 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Spain (Alicante) Theria sp. (202238)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0India (Madhya Pradesh) Tikitherium copei (105292)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Colorado) Mammalia indet. (55259 193013)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Ameghinichnus sp. (52168)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Greenland Mammalia indet. (27006)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Greenland Mammalia indet. (27007)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3France (Lorraine) Woutersia mirabilis (92109) Woutersia mirabilis, Woutersia butleri, Multituberculata indet. (36106)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Pantotheria indet. G2, Bolodon sp. (194663)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3China (Sichuan) Mammalia indet. (60501)
Jurassic201.4 - 145.0Morocco Amphilestidae indet. (28846)
Hettangian201.3 - 199.3USA (New Jersey) Ameghinichnus sp. (62838)
Early/Lower Hettangian201.3 - 196.5Poland (Swietokrzyskie) Ameghinichnus sp. (83229)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8United Kingdom (Wales) Allotheria indet. (137123) Symmetrodonta indet. (45919)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8Lesotho (Quthing) Acropentapodiscus ginsburgi (84071) Eotetrapodiscus moyenensis, Eotetrapodiscus cursor (56026) Grypopentapodiscus fortis (84070)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8South Africa (Free State) Erythrotherium sp. (14228)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8Lesotho (Mafeteng) Entodipodiscus priscus, Paraeopentapodiscus intentus, Paraeopentapodiscus parvus, Eopentapodiscus mirabilis, Eopentapodiscus major, Eopentapodiscus crassus (149707) Erythrotherium parringtoni (232329)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7Lesotho (Leribe) Dinopentapodiscus acutus (56001)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7Mexico (Tamaulipas) Mammaliaformes indet. C (28212) Triconodontidae taxon B (136969)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7Lesotho (Mohale's Hoek) Malutitetrapodiscus tenuis, Malutitetrapodiscus minimus, Malutitetrapodiscus saltator (149715)
Toarcian - Aalenian182.7 - 170.3India (Andhra Pradesh) Trishulotherium kotaensis, Nakunodon paikasiensis, Indobaatar zofiae, Triconodonta indet., Dyskritodon indicus (39673)