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Morphology Ecology and taphonomy   Age range and collections

Holcospongia

Calcarea - Calcaronea - Stellispongiidae

Taxonomy
Holcospongia was named by Hinde (1893) [Sepkoski's age data: J Bajo-u K Vala]. It is not extant.

It was assigned to Pharetronida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Holcospongiinae by Finks et al. (2004).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1893Holcospongia Hinde
2002Holcospongia Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Holcospongia Finks et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
phylumPoriferaGrant 1836
classCalcareaBowerbank 1864
orderCalcaroneaBidder 1898
RankNameAuthor
orderStellispongiida
familyStellispongiidaeDe Laubenfels 1955
subfamilyHolcospongiinae
genusHolcospongiaHinde 1893

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available