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Carnivora (carnivoran)

Mammalia - Carnivora

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Viverra memphitis Linnaeus p. 44
1821Carnivora Bowditch
1873Carnivora Leidy p. 315
1883Carnivora Flower p. 186
1885Carnivora Lydekker p. 196
1889Carnivora Cope p. 875
1891Carnivora Flower and Lydekker p. 91
1897Carnivora Ameghino p. 501
1898Carnivora Gadow p. 50
1906Carnivora Andrews p. 218
1908Carnivora Lambe
1911Carnivora Jaekel p. 227
1930Carnivora Hay p. 456
1975Carnivora McKenna p. 42
1976Carnivora Tedford p. 372
1979Carnivora Barnes p. 8
1981Carnivora Thurmond and Jones p. 174
1986Carnivora Hooker p. 326
1987Carnivora Barnes p. 3
1988Carnivora Barnes p. 2
1988Carnivora Carroll
1989Carnivora Barnes p. 3
1989Carnivora Shoshani et al. p. 436
1991Carnivora Nowak
1992Carnivora Barnes p. 3
1992Carnivora Kohno p. 16
1994Carnivora Tedford et al. p. 12
1995Carnivora Barnes and Hirota p. 330
1996Carnivora Kohno p. 389
1999Carnivora Ginsburg and Janvier p. 170
1999Carnivora Waddell et al. p. 3
2001Carnivora Madsen et al. p. 610
2001Carnivora Waddell et al. p. 148
2002Carnivora Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Carnivora Davis et al. p. 365
2005Carnivora Wesley-Hunt and Werdelin p. 842
2006Carnivora Barnes et al. p. 59
2006Carnivora Hulbert and Whitmore p. 5
2006Carnivora Kohno p. 411
2006Carnivora Lopatin
2008Carnivora Kohno and Ray p. 44
2008Carnivora Tedford and Wang p. 273
2008Carnivora Wang and Tedford
2009Carnivora Spaulding et al.
2010Carnivora Asher and Helgen p. 3 figs. Figure 1
2010Carnivora Silcox et al.
2010Carnivora Spaulding et al. p. 815
2011Carnivora Hunt, Jr. p. 21
2011Carnivora Tomiya p. 3
2014Carnivora Vianey-Liaud et al. p. 610
2016Carnivora Solé et al.
2016Carnivora Tomiya and Tseng p. 5

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 300 kgs
Minimum body mass: 100 kgs
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoreo
Diet 2: omnivoreo
Comments: life habit and diet based on Nowak 1999 o
Created: 2005-08-26 13:31:06
Modified: 2005-08-26 15:31:06
Source: s = species, o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Martin 1990, Carroll 1988, Nowak 1999, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Puercan to the top of the Holocene or 66.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 63.3 Ma

Collections (4760 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Texas) Protictis sp. (14887)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3Canada (Saskatchewan) Carnivora indet., Ravenictis krausei (14768)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7China (Anhui) Pappictidops orientalis (132943 146556)
Early/Lower Paleocene - Middle Paleocene66.0 - 58.7China (Guang-dong (Kwantung)) Pappictidops acies, Pappictidops obtusus (176607)
Early/Lower Paleocene - Middle Paleocene66.0 - 58.7China (Guangdong) Pappictidops acies, Pappictidops obtusus (140273)
Cenozoic66.0 - 0.0Mongolia (South Gobi Aimag) Carnivora indet. (137861)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Montana) Ictidopappus mustelinus (14906)
Ti161.7 - 56.8Canada (Alberta) Pristinictis connata (14939)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Montana) Protictis sp. (15048)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (North Dakota) Miacidae indet. (14931) Miacidae indet., Viverravinae indet. (14962)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Didymictis sp. (14999) Viverravinae indet. (15032 15049)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Marne) Miacidae indet. (35533 35535)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Île-de-France) Miacidae indet. (68437)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom Miacidae indet. (87950)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Miacidae indet., Viverridae indet. (133368) Miacis rundlei (38868)
Graybullian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Carnivora indet. (15878) Vulpavus australis (15701)
Lostcabinian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Carnivora indet., Miacis sp. (15917) Miacis exiguus, Miacis latidens, Miacis parvivorus, Vulpavus canavus, Uintacyon sp. (15915) Miacis latidens, Vulpavus canavus, Uintacyon sp. (15930) Vulpavus australis (16003) Vulpavus canavus, Uintacyon sp. (16078) Vulpavus canavus, Viverravinae indet. (16073)
Lysitean - Lostcabinian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Miacidae indet. (15451)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Colorado) Miacidae indet. (15282) Miacis exiguus (15220 15262 15450 15480 15485 15660 15725 15845 15868 15887) Miacis latidens (15278 15293 15393 15401) Vulpavus australis (15328) Vulpavus australis, Vulpavus canavus (15413)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (North Dakota) Miacis sp. (15895)