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Prophoca

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1876Prophoca Van Beneden p. 801
1898Prophoca Trouessart p. 382
1904Prophoca Palmer p. 574
1904Prophoca Trouessart p. 285
1922Prophoca Kellogg p. 115
1925Prophoca Zittel p. 78
1947Prophoca Friant p. 7
1981Prophoca Muizon p. 135
1982Prophoca Muizon p. 205 figs. Table 1
1988Prophoca Carroll
1997Prophoca McKenna and Bell p. 257
2001Prophoca Koretsky p. 86
2002Prophoca Berta p. 923
2002Prophoca Sepkoski, Jr.
2009Prophoca Berta p. 863
2010Prophoca Fulton and Strobeck p. 817 figs. Figure 1
2017Prophoca Berta p. 157
2017Prophoca Dewaele et al. p. 10

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
RankNameAuthor
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869
Pinnipedimorpha
Pinnipedia()
familyPhocidae
subfamilyPhocinae
genusProphoca

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
L. Dewaele et al. 2017Large phocine seal, similar in size to the extant (monachine) Weddell seal, L. weddellii. Prophoca rousseaui differs from all other phocines in the following combination of characters: humeral capitulum higher than lesser tubercle (also present in Leptophoca proxima, Praepusa vindobonensis and S. sintsovi) with an intertubercular groove wide and shallow (also present in hooded seal C. cristata, bearded seal E. barbatus and Leptophoca proxima); deltopectoral crest reaching distal to half-length of diaphysis, not strongly projecting anteriorly, and distal termination rather smooth (also present in C. maeotica, Leptophoca proxima, Phoca vitulinoides, Prae. vindobonensis and S. sintsovi); ventral margin of wings of the sacrum straight; ilium slightly everted laterally and gluteal fossa not developed (also present in C. cristata and E. barbatus); ilium strongly elongate; ischiac tuberosity highly raised and anteroposteriorly elongate; greater trochanter rounded; wide and shallow intercondylar groove (also present in
E. barbatus, Prae. vindobonensis and S. sintsovi); epicondylar crests of femur transversely thick but little raised.