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Desmostylia (desmostylian)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1923Desmostyliformes Hay p. 109
1930Desmostyliformes Hay p. 654
1932Desmostyliformes Simpson p. 424
1937Desmostyliformes VanderHoof p. 189
1941Desmostyliformes Kretzoi p. 155
1942Desmostyliformes VanderHoof p. 301
1953Desmostylia Reinhart p. 187 fig. none
1957Desmostyliformes Pronina p. 312
1959Desmostylia Reinhart p. 64
1959Desmostyliformes Reinhart p. 65
1975Desmostylia McKenna p. 43
1986Desmostylia Domning et al. p. 5
1988Desmostylia Carroll
1995Desmostylia Hasegawa et al. p. 5
1996Desmostylia Domning p. 378
1997Desmostylia McKenna and Bell p. 375
2000Desmostylia Inuzuka p. 91
2002Desmostylia Saegusa p. 4
2002Desmostylia Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Desmostylia Gheerbrandt et al. p. 297
2007Desmostylia Domning and Barnes p. 749
2008Desmostylia Hasegawa and Kimura p. 16
2014Desmostylia Cooper et al. p. 7

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
orderDesmostylia
orderDesmostylia

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Environment: coastalo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: aquatico
Diet: herbivoreo
Reproduction: viviparouso
Created: 2005-09-11 17:03:02
Modified: 2015-04-14 16:59:34
Source: o = order
Reference: Domning et al. 1986

Age range: base of the Late/Upper Oligocene to the top of the Tortonian or 28.40000 to 7.24600 Ma

Collections (173 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1USA (Washington) Behemotops proteus (58964) Desmostylidae indet. (58961)
Oligocene - Miocene33.9 - 5.333Japan (Hokkaido) Desmostylus japonicus (91510 91512)
Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (California) Desmostylus hesperus (59072)
Arikareean30.8 - 20.43Mexico (Baja California Sur) Cornwallius sookensis (90463)
Arikareean - Hemingfordian30.8 - 15.97USA (Oregon) Desmostylus hesperus (90464)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03USA (Oregon) Cornwallius sookensis (91211)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Canada (British Columbia) Cornwallius sookensis (91214)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03USA (Alaska) Cornwallius sookensis (91213)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (Oregon) Behemotops emlongi (58892) Cornwallius sookensis (45782 45788)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (Washington) Behemotops proteus (45809) Kronokotherium sp. (58963)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Mexico (Baja California Sur) Cornwallius sookensis (66429) Cornwallius sp. (66427 66428)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Canada (British Columbia) Behemotops proteus (173157) Desmostylus hesperus (63086) Desmostylus sookensis (63087)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Japan (Hokkaido) Ashoroa laticosta (58896) Behemotops katsuiei (45786)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44USA (Alaska) Cornwallius sp. (67659)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44USA (California) Paleoparadoxia weltoni, Desmostylus hesperus (58899)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Japan (Hokkaido) Paleoparadoxia sp. (171611 184791)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44USA (Washington) Kronokotherium sp., Desmostylidae indet. (45481)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Japan (Hokkaido) Desmostylus japonicus (91509)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Japan (Fukushima) Desmostylus japonicus (91522) Desmostylus sp. (28589)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Russian Federation (Sakhalin) Desmostylus japonicus (91503 91504 91505) Desmostylus minor (91506)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Japan (Gihu) Mammalia indet. (91500)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Japan (Miyagi) Desmostylus japonicus (91519)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Japan (Iwate) Desmostylus japonicus (91517)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Japan (Akita) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (186479)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Russian Federation Kronokotherium brevimaxillare (91633)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Japan (Shimane) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (186477)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (California) Desmostylia indet., Desmostylia indet. (65985) Desmostylus hesperus (91476 91478 91480 91481 91543) Desmostylus sp. (91485)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Russian Federation (Sakhalin) Desmostylus japonicus (91501) Desmostylus sp. (124918)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Japan (Teshio) Desmostylus japonicus (151921)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Japan (Toyama) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (91475)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Japan (Hokkaido) Desmostylus minor (101825)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Japan (Hokkaido) Desmostylus japonicus (91507)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (Oregon) Desmostylus cymatias (107680) Desmostylus hesperus, Desmostylus cymatias (60339) Desmostylus sp. (18929)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Japan (Gifu) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (91465)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Japan (Okayama) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (76044)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Japan (Saitama) Paleoparadoxia sp. (91601)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Japan (Saitama) Paleoparadoxia sp. (133498) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (56956)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (California) Desmostylus hesperus (59073)
Langhian - Burdigalian15.97 - 15.97Japan (Aomori) Paleoparadoxia sp. (171802)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Alaska) Desmostylia indet. (37337 59983 97625)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Hokkaido) Desmostylus sp., Paleoparadoxia sp. (55652)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Iwate) Desmostylus sp. (172170)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Saitama) Cornwallius sp. (171618) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (54183)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Gunma) Paleoparadoxia sp. (70548) Paleoparadoxia sp., Paleoparadoxia tabatai, Desmostylus japonicus (75729)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Miyagi) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (171612)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Satiama Prevecture) Desmostylus sp., Paleoparadoxia sp., Paleoparadoxia tabatai (55826)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Mexico (Baja California) Desmostylus sp., Desmostylus hesperus, Paleoparadoxidae indet., Jamilcotatus kumiaica (52183)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Fukui) Paleoparadoxia sp. (89036)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan Paleoparadoxia sp. (171613 171614 171621) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (93790 171620)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Ishikawa) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (91470)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Toyama) Desmostylus japonicus (118942)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Satiyama) Paleoparadoxia sp. (171617)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Okayama) Paleoparadoxia media (171034)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (California) Desmostylus hesperus, Desmostylus japonicus (13297) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (59059)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Japan (Fukushima) Paleoparadoxia sp. (96896) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (75740)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (California) Desmostylus hesperus (91533 91534 91538 91539 91540 91541 91545) Desmostylus sp. (59074) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (19460)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62Russian Federation (Kamchatka) Desmostylus hesperus (59165)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62USA (California) Paleoparadoxia sp., Desmostylus hesperus (71072)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62Mexico (Baja California Sur) Desmostylus hesperus (13450)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Fukushima) Desmostylus sp. (186476)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Shimane) Desmostylus sp. (102978)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Hokuriku) Paleoparadoxia sp. (161492 161494)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Nagano) Desmostylus hesperus (75730)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Russian Federation Desmostylus hesperus (118952)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Hokkaido) Desmostylus japonicus (91508 91511 91513 91514 91515 91516)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Ishikawa) Desmostylus japonicus (91524) Paleoparadoxia sp. (118412)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Hokkaido Prefecture) Desmostylus sp. (55921)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Shimane Prefecture) Desmostylus sp. (13068)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan Dugong sp. (65168)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Akita) Desmostylus japonicus (91521)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Russian Federation (Sakhalinskaya) Desmostylus mirabilis (70452)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608USA (California) Desmostylus hesperus (13093 40517 91479 91484 159596 159597 159598 159599 159600 159665 159666 159667 159668 159669 159670 159671 159672 159673) Paleoparadoxia sp. (65986) Paleoparadoxia sp., Desmostylus hesperus (52180) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (38027) Vanderhoofius coalingensis (40518)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Iwate) Desmostylus japonicus (91518) Desmostylus japonicus, Desmostylella typica (46041) Desmostylus sp. (186478)
Langhian - Tortonian15.97 - 7.246Mexico (Baja California Sur) Desmostylia indet., Paleoparadoxia sp. (57778)
Middle Miocene - Late/Upper Miocene15.97 - 5.333Japan Paleoparadoxia tabatai (40519)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (California) Desmostylus sp., Paleoparadoxia sp. (46069) Jamilcotatus boreios (91622) Paleoparadoxia sp., Paleoparadoxia repenningi (75060)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Japan (Gunma) Paleoparadoxia sp. (56951)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Mexico (Baja California del Norte) Desmostylus sp. (57777)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Japan (Hokkaido) Desmostylus sp. (72262)
Serravallian - Tortonian13.82 - 7.246USA (California) Desmostylus sp. (176780)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Japan (Gunma) Paleoparadoxia sp. (56950)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (California) Desmostylia indet. (168017) Desmostylus sp., Desmostylus hesperus, Paleoparadoxia sp. (46070) Desmostylus sp., Paleoparadoxia sp. (40514) Neoparadoxia cecilialina (151009) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (46071)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Japan (Ishikawa Prefecture) Desmostylus japonicus (53883)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Japan (Ishikawa) Desmostylus japonicus (91525)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Japan (Toyama) Desmostylus japonicus (91523 91526)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333USA (California) Desmostylus sp. (162458)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Russian Federation (Sakhalin) Desmostylus japonicus (91502)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Japan (Hokkaido) Desmostylus sp. (91625)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Japan Desmostylus japonicus (51999 52000 52001) Paleoparadoxia tabatai (185111)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333USA (Alaska) Desmostylia indet. (97626)