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Cirripedia (barnacle)

Thecostraca

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1816Cirripedia Rafinesque
1904Cirripedia Martin p. 94
1983Cirrhipedia Wilson p. 486
2001Cirripedia Martin and Davis p. 58
2002Cirripedia Sepkoski
2003Cirripedia Kiessling
2013Cirripedia Oakley et al.
2018Cirripedia Collareta et al. p. 15
2020Cirripedia Hegna et al. p. 37
2021Cirripedia Chan et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
RankNameAuthor
Deuteropoda
Mandibulata
PancrustaceaZrzavý and Štys 1997
subphylumCrustaceaBrünnich 1772
classThecostraca(Gruvel 1905)
subclassCirripedia(Rafinesque 1816)
subclassCirripedia(Rafinesque 1816)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Subcl. Cirripedia Rafinesque 1816 [barnacle]
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Infracl. Acrothoracica Gruvel 1905
+
Or. Cryptophialida Kolbasov et al. 2009
+
Fm. Cryptophialidae Gerstaecker 1866
+
G. Cryptophialus Darwin 1854
Or. Lithoglyptida Kolbasov et al. 2009
+
Fm. Lithoglyptidae Aurivillius 1892
+
Subfm. Berndtiinae Utinomi 1950
+
G. Berndtia Utinomi 1950
G. Weltneria Berndt 1907
Subfm. Kochlorininae Gruvel 1905
+
G. Kochlorine Noll 1875
G. Kochlorinopsis Stubbings 1967
Subfm. Lithoglyptinae Aurivillius 1892
+
G. Balanodytes Utinomi 1950
G. Lithoglyptes Aurivillius 1892
Fm. Trypetesidae Stebbing 1910
+
G. Trypetesa Norman 1903
+
Trypetesa caveata Tomlinson 1963
Trypetesa lampas Hancock 1849
Invalid names: Alcippe Hancock 1849 [replaced], Alcippoides Strand 1928 [replaced]
Invalid names: Apygophora Berndt 1907 [synonym], Pygophora Berndt 1907 [synonym]
Fm. †Zapfellidae Saint-Seine 1954
+
G. †Brachyzapfes Codez and de Saint-Seine 1958
+
Brachyzapfes elliptica Codez 1957
G. †Simonizapfes Codez and de Saint-Seine 1958
+
Simonizapfes elongata Codez 1957
G. †Zapfella Saint-Seine 1956
+
Zapfella patei Saint-Seine 1954
Invalid names: Rodgerellidae Codez and Saint-Seine 1958 [empty]
G. †Bassettina Hodges 1995
G. †Chitobalanus de Gregorio 1930
+
Chitobalanus minusculus de Gregorio 1930
G. †Corobalanus de Gregorio 1930
+
Corobalanus problematicus de Gregorio 1930
Fm. †Ctenaenigmatidae Novojilov 1955
+
G. †Ctenaenigma Novojilov 1955
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Ctenaenigma tuvaense Novojilov 1955
G. Ilba
Infracl. Rhizocephala Müller 1862
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Fm. Chthamalophilidae Bocquet-Vedrine 1961
+
G. Chthamalophilus Bocquet-Vedrine 1957
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Chthamalophilus delagei Bocquet-Vedrine 1957
Fm. Clistosaccidae Lilljeborg 1861
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G. Clistosaccus Lilljeborg 1861
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Clistosaccus paguri Lilljeborg 1861
G. Sylon Kroeyer 1855
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Sylon hippolytes Sars 1870
Fm. Duplorbidae Høeg and Rybakov 1992
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G. Duplorbis Smith 1906
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Fm. Mycetomorphidae Høeg and Rybakov 1992
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G. Mycetomorpha Potts 1912
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Fm. Peltogastridae Lilleborg 1861
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G. Lernaeodiscus Mueller 1862
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G. Peltogaster Rathke 1843
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Peltogaster paguri Lilljeborg 1862
Fm. Sacculinidae Lilleborg 1861
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G. Sacculina Thompson 1836
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Sacculina carcini Boschma 1955
Fm. Thompsoniidae Høeg and Rybakov 1992
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G. Thompsonia Kossmann 1873
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Thompsonia globosa Kossmann 1873
Invalid names: Akentrogonida Hafele 1911 [invalid subgroup], Kentrogonida Delage 1884 [invalid subgroup]
Infracl. Thoracica Darwin 1854
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Or. Lepadiformes Buckeridge and Newman 2006
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Invalid names: Heteralepadomorpha Newman 1987 [empty]
Superor. Phosphatothoracica Gale 2019
+
Or. †Eolepadomorpha Chan et al. 2021
+
Fm. †Eolepadidae Buckeridge 1983
+
G. †Eolepas Withers 1928
G. †Toarcolepas Gale and Schweigert 2015
Fm. †Praelepadidae Chernyshev 1930
+
G. †Illilepas
G. †Praelepas Chernyshev 1930
Invalid names: Iblomorpha Buckeridge and Newman 2006 [empty]
Superor. Thoracicalcarea Gale 2016
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Or. †Archaeolepadomorpha Chan et al. 2021
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Fm. †Archaeolepadidae Gale 2019
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G. †Archaeolepas Zittel 1885
G. †Loriolepas Gale 2016
Fm. †Myolepadidae Gale 2015
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G. †Bosquetlepas Gale 2015
G. †Myolepas Gale 2015
Fm. †Stramentidae Withers 1920
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Subfm. †Loriculinae Gale 2016
Subfm. †Stramentinae Withers 1920
Unr. Calamida Gale 2019
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Subor. Lepadomorpha Gruvel 1905
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Fm. †Cyprilepadidae Newman and Zullo 1969
G. †Rhamphoverritor Briggs et al. 2005
Or. Calanticomorpha Chan et al. 2021
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Fm. Calanticidae Zevina 1978
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G. Aurivillialepas Newman 1980
G. Calantica Gray 1825
G. Crosnieriella Jones 1998
G. Euscalpellum Hoek 1907
G. Gruvelialepas Newman 1980
G. Scillaelepas Seguenza 1872
G. Smilium Leach 1825
G. †Zeascalpellum Buckeridge 1983
Fm. †Cretiscalpellidae Buckeridge 1983
+
G. †Cretiscalpellum Withers 1922
G. †Jagtscalpellum Gale 2020
G. †Striascalpellum Gale 2020
G. †Witherscalpellum Gale 2020
G. †Pachyscalpellum Buckeridge 1991
+
Pachyscalpellum cramptoni Buckeridge 1991
Pachyscalpellum glauerti Withers 1926
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Invalid names: Pollicipes aboriginalis Buckeridge 1983 [synonym]
Fm. †Titanolepadidae Gale 2015
+
G. †Ivoelepas Gale 2015
G. †Levelepas Gale 2015
G. †Titanolepas Withers 1913
Or. Pollicipomorpha Chan et al. 2021
+
Fm. Pollicipedidae Gruvel 1905
+
G. Capitulum Gray 1825
G. Pollicipes Leach 1817
Fm. †Zeugmatolepadidae Newman 2004
+
Subfm. †Martillepadinae Gale 2014
Subfm. †Zeugmatolepadinae Newman 1996
Invalid names: Lithotryidae Gruvel 1905 [empty]
Or. Scalpellomorpha Newman 1987
+
Superfm. Lepadoidea Darwin 1852
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Fm. Heteralepadidae Nilsson-Cantrell 1921
Fm. Lepadidae Darwin 1851
Fm. Poecilasmatidae Annandale 1909
+
Invalid names: Microlepadidae Zevina 1980 [synonym], Oxynaspididae Gruvel 1905 [synonym]
Superfm. Neolepadoidea Yamaguchi et al. 2004
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Fm. Neolepadidae Yamaguchi et al. 2004
Superfm. Scalpelloidea Pilsbry 1907
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Fm. †Proverrucidae Newman 1989
Fm. Scalpellidae Pilsbry 1907
Unr. Sessilia Lamarck 1818
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Or. Balanomorpha Pilsbry 1916
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Superfm. Balanoidea Leach 1817
Fm. †Brachylepadidae Woodward 1901
Superfm. Chthamaloidea Darwin 1854
Superfm. Coronuloidea Leach 1817
+
Invalid names: Tetraclitoidea Gruvel 1903 [synonym]
Superfm. Elminoidea Foster 1982
Infraor. Neobalanomorpha Gale 2014
Superfm. †Pachydiadematoidea Chan et al. 2021
Or. Verrucomorpha Pilsbry 1916
+
Fm. †Eoverrucidae Gale 2020
Fm. †Pycnolepadidae Gale and Vidovic 2023
Fm. Verrucidae Darwin 1854
Invalid names: Brachylepadomorpha Withers 1923 [invalid subgroup]
Invalid names: Unilatera Gale 2019 [empty]
Invalid names: Pedunculata Lamarck 1818 [empty], Scalpelliformes Buckeridge and Newman 2006 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Locomotion: stationaryc
Attached: yesc
Epibiont: yesc
Life habit: epifaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: limitedc
Created: 2008-03-04 07:51:33
Modified: 2011-06-14 02:28:17
Source: c = class
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Darriwilian to the top of the Holocene or 467.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 458.4 Ma

Collections (1209 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4United Kingdom (Wales) Cirripedia indet. (230215)
Wenlock433.4 - 427.4United Kingdom Rhamphoverritor reduncus (68060)
Wenlock - Ludlow433.4 - 423.0USA (Tennessee) Cirripedia indet. (26817)
Ludfordian - Pridoli425.6 - 419.2USA (Oklahoma) Cirripedia indet. (26824)
Lochkovian - Pragian419.2 - 407.6Russian Federation Ctenaenigma sp. (26990)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Russian Federation (Siberia) Ctenaenigma tuvaense (60392 60393)
Brigantian336.0 - 326.4USA (Alabama) Cirripedia indet. (6754 6755 6759)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Illinois) Praelepas damrowi (132078)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Kansas) Trypetesa lampas (159905)
Missourian305.9 - 303.4USA (Ohio) Trypetesa caveata (159903 159904)
Missourian305.9 - 303.4USA (Texas) Trypetesa caveata (159900 159901 159902)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Kansas) Trypetesa caveata (159906 159907) Trypetesa lampas (159908)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5USA (Texas) Trypetesa caveata (159909)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8USA (Texas) Acrothoracica indet. (43553)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Italy Corobalanus problematicus, Chitobalanus minusculus (233340)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Slovakia Cirripedia indet. (44913)
Late/Upper Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0Canada (British Columbia) Balanus sp. (53089)
Late/Upper Jurassic163.5 - 145.0China (Xizang) Cirripedia indet. (61421)
Early/Lower Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Portugal Zapfella sp. (67903 67904 67934 67935)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Eolepas quenstedti (154138)