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Procolophonidae

Reptilia - Procolophonidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1889Procolophonidae Lydekker p. 1065
1905Thelegnathus Broom p. 274
1905Thelegnathus browni Broom p. 274
1913Thelegnathus Broom
1913Thelegnathus browni Broom
1930Procolophonidae Hay p. 36
1939Thelegnathus Huene p. 508
1939Thelegnathus browni Huene p. 508
1946Procolophonidae Colbert p. 237
1946Thelegnathus Colbert p. 259
1946Thelegnathus browni Colbert p. 259
1946Procolophonidae Kuhn p. 55
1947Procolophonidae Price pp. 10, 19
1954Procolophonidae Haughton and Brink p. 3
1960Paoteodon Chow and Sun p. 12
1960Paoteodon huanghoensis Chow and Sun p. 12 figs. 1, 2
1964Procolophonidae Romer p. 719
1966Procolophonidae Kuhn p. 17
1971Procolophonidae Kuhn p. 9
1975Procolophonidae Colbert and Kitching p. 3
1977Procolophonidae Gow p. 110
1977Thelegnathus Gow p. 110
1977Thelegnathus browni Gow p. 110 fig. 1
1979Spondylolestinae Ivakhnenko
1983Spondylolestinae Ivakhnenko p. 131
1983Procolophonidae Lavina p. 53
1988Paoteodon Carroll
1988Procolophonidae Carroll
1988Thelegnathus Carroll
1995Procolophonidae Laurin and Reisz p. 172
1995Procolophonidae Lee pp. 508, 511 fig. 22
1997Procolophonidae Lee pp. 256, 260 fig. 22
1997Procolophonidae Small p. 674
2000Procolophonidae Gow p. 21
2000Procolophonidae Spencer and Benton p. 161
2000Spondylolestinae Spencer and Benton p. 161
2002Procolophonidae Modesto et al. p. 891 fig. 4
2002Thelegnathus Modesto et al. p. 891 fig. 4
2003Procolophonidae Modesto and Damiani p. 54
2007Procolophonidae Modesto and Damiani p. 338
2008Procolophonidae Cisneros p. 14
2008Spondylolestidae Ivakhnenko p. 51
2008Procolophonidae Ivakhnenko p. 54
2008Procolophonidae Sues and Reisz p. 1032
2008Procolophonidae Säilä p. 1202 fig. 4
2020Procolophonidae Hamley et al.
2020Procolophonidae Skinner et al.
2023Procolophonidae Butler et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
RankNameAuthor
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassParareptiliaLawrence 1868
superfamilyProcolophonoidea
familyProcolophonidae
familyProcolophonidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. †Procolophonidae Lydekker 1889
show all | hide all
G. †Acadiella Sues and Baird 1998
+
Acadiella psalidodon Sues and Baird 1998
G. †Coletta Gow 2000
+
Coletta seca Gow 2000
G. †Contritosaurus Ivakhnenko 1974
G. †Eomurruna Hamley et al. 2021
+
Eomurruna yurrgensis Hamley et al. 2021
G. †Estheriophagus Novozhilov 1948
G. †Eumetabolodon Li 1983
+
G. †Gomphiosauridion Sues and Olsen 1993
+
Gomphiosauridion baileyae Sues and Olsen 1993
G. †Haligonia Sues and Baird 1998
+
Haligonia bolodon Sues and Baird 1998
G. †Kitchingnathus Cisneros 2008
+
Kitchingnathus untabeni Cisneros 2008
G. †Koiloskiosaurus Huene 1911
+
G. †Lasasaurus Falconnet et al. 2012
+
Lasasaurus beltanae Falconnet et al. 2012
Subfm. †Leptopleuroninae Ivakhnenko 1979
+
G. †Anomoiodon Huene 1939
+
Anomoiodon krejcii Ortlam 1967
G. †Hwiccewyrm Butler et al. 2023
+
Hwiccewyrm trispiculum Butler et al. 2023
G. †Hypsognathus Gilmore 1928
+
Hypsognathus fenneri Gilmore 1928
G. †Kapes Ivakhnenko 1975
+
Kapes amaenus Ivakhnenko 1975
Kapes bentoni Spencer and Storrs 2002
Kapes komiensis Ivakhnenko 1975
Kapes majmesculae Ochev 1968
+
Invalid names: Kapes serotinus Novikov 1991 [synonym]
Invalid names: Macrophon Ivakhnenko 1975 [synonym]
G. †Leptopleuron Owen 1851
+
+
Invalid names: Telerpeton elginense Mantell 1852 [objective synonym]
Invalid names: Telerpeton Mantell 1852 [objective synonym]
G. †Libognathus Small 1997
+
Libognathus sheddi Small 1997
G. †Mandaphon Tsuji 2018
+
Mandaphon nadra Tsuji 2018
G. †Phonodus Modesto et al. 2010
+
Phonodus dutoitorum Modesto et al. 2010
G. †Sclerosaurus von Meyer 1857
+
Sclerosaurus armatus von Meyer 1857
+
Invalid names: Labyrinthodon ruetimeyeri Wiedersheim 1878 [synonym]
Invalid names: Aristodesmus Seeley 1895 [synonym]
G. †Scoloparia Sues and Baird 1998
+
Scoloparia glyphanodon Sues and Baird 1998
G. †Soturnia Cisneros and Schultz 2003
+
Soturnia caliodon Cisneros and Schultz 2003
G. †Theledectes Modesto and Damiani 2003
+
G. †Neoprocolophon Young 1957
+
G. †Oryporan Pinheiro et al. 2021
+
Oryporan insolitus Pinheiro et al. 2021
G. †Pentaedrusaurus Li 1989
+
Subfm. †Procolophoninae Nopcsa 1928
+
G. †Myocephalus Broom 1936
+
Myocephalus crassidens Broom 1936
G. †Orenburgia Ivakhnenko 1975
+
Orenburgia bruma Ivakhnenko 1983
Orenburgia concinna Ivakhnenko 1975
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Invalid names: Insulophon morachovskayae Novikov 1992 [synonym], Lestanshoria massiva Novikov 1991 [synonym]
Orenburgia enigmaticus Chudinov and Vjushkov 1956
Invalid names: Insulophon Novikov 1992 [synonym], Lestanshoria Novikov 1991 [synonym], Samaria Novikov 1991 [synonym]
G. †Procolina Borsuk−Białynicka and Lubka 2009
+
Procolina teresae Borsuk−Białynicka and Lubka 2009
G. †Procolophon Owen 1876
+
+
Invalid names: Procolophon baini Broom 1905 [synonym], Procolophon brasiliensis Cisneros and Schultz 2002 [synonym], Procolophon cuneiceps Seeley 1878 [synonym], Procolophon griersoni Seeley 1878 [synonym], Procolophon laticeps Seeley 1878 [synonym], Procolophon minor Owen 1876 [synonym], Procolophon platyrhinus Seeley 1905 [synonym], Procolophon pricei Lavina 1983 [synonym], Procolophon sphenorhinus Seeley 1905 [synonym]
G. †Timanophon Novikov 1991
+
Timanophon raridentatus Novikov 1991
Invalid names: Microtheledon Broom 1936 [nomen dubium], Thelegnathus parvus Broom 1905 [nomen dubium]
G. †Procolophonoides Ivakhnenko 1979
G. †Sauropareion Modesto et al. 2001
+
Sauropareion anoplus Modesto et al. 2001
G. †Smilodonterpeton Skinner et al. 2020
+
Smilodonterpeton ruthinensis Skinner et al. 2020
G. †Spondylolestes Broom 1937
+
G. †Suchonosaurus Tverdochlebova and Ivakhnenko 1994
+
Suchonosaurus minimus Tverdochlebova and Ivakhnenko 1994
G. †Teratophon Modesto and Damiani 2003
+
G. †Thelephon Modesto and Damiani 2003
+
Thelephon contritus Gow 1977
G. †Thelerpeton Modesto and Damiani 2003
+
G. †Tichvinskia Chudinov and Vjushkov 1956
+
Tichvinskia burtensis Ochev 1958
Tichvinskia vjatkensis Chudinov and Vjushkov 1956
Invalid names: Burtensia Ivakhnenko 1975 [synonym]
G. †Youngetta Hamley et al. 2020
+
Invalid names: Paoteodon Chow and Sun 1960 [nomen dubium], Spondylolestidae Ivakhnenko 1979 [invalid subgroup], Thelegnathus Broom 1905 [nomen dubium], Thelegnathus browni Broom 1905 [nomen dubium]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialuc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 15:15:35
Modified: 2017-04-17 15:15:35
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Wuchiapingian to the top of the Rhaetian or 259.90000 to 201.30000 Ma

Collections (107 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Severodvinian - Vyatkian264.28 - 257.4Russian Federation Suchonosaurus minimus (189496)
Wuchiapingian - Changhsingian259.9 - 252.17South Africa (Eastern Cape) Spondylolestes rubidgei (80219 176336)
Induan252.17 - 251.2South Africa (Northern Cape) Phonodus dutoitorum (105718)
Induan252.17 - 251.2Russian Federation (Nizhegorod) Phaanthosaurus ignatjevi, Contritosaurus simus (28396)
Induan252.17 - 251.2Russian Federation (Nizhnii Novgorod) Contritosaurus convector (85957) Contritosaurus simus (93572 93573)
Induan252.17 - 251.2Russian Federation (Orenburg) Procolophonidae indet. (196033)
Induan252.17 - 251.2Russian Federation (Samara) Phaanthosaurus sp. (196088)
Induan252.17 - 251.2Australia (Queensland) Eomurruna yurrgensis (94541) Procolophonidae indet. (85560)
Induan252.17 - 251.2Russian Federation (Kirov) Contritosaurus simus (93577)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2South Africa (East Cape) Sauropareion anoplus (188978)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2South Africa (Eastern Cape) Procolophon sp. (117176)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2China (Nei Mongol) Eumetabolodon dongshengensis (27160)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2Antarctica Procolophon indet. (87420) Procolophon trigoniceps (27266 87410 87414)
Induan - Olenekian252.17 - 247.2South Africa (Eastern Cape) Procolophon trigoniceps, Procolophon minor, Procolophon griersoni, Procolophon cuneiceps, Procolophon laticeps (13043) Procolophon trigoniceps, Procolophon platyrhinus, Procolophon sphenorhinus (94309) Sauropareion anoplus (85948 171371)
Induan - Olenekian252.17 - 247.2Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Procolophon pricei (94112) Procolophon sp., Procolophon brasiliensis (93720) Procolophon trigoniceps (99232 99233) Procolophon trigoniceps, Oryporan insolitus (99234)
Induan - Olenekian252.17 - 247.2South Africa (Free State) Procolophon sp. (94365) Procolophon trigoniceps (88282 98602)
Induan - Smithian252.17 - 247.2Madagascar (Diana) Eosuchia indet. (144094)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Russian Federation (Orenburg) Tichvinskia sp. (196078)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2South Africa (Free State) Procolophonidae indet. (98617)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Volgograd) Kapes sp., Tichvinskia enigmatica (27343)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Komi) Kapes amaenus, Macrophon komiensis (85454) Timanophon raridentatus (39811)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2South Africa (Eastern Cape) Coletta seca (78686) Procolophon sp. (145503) Procolophon trigoniceps, Kitchingnathus untabeni (92309)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Poland (Malopolskie) P. unnamed genus 1, P. unnamed genus 2, P. unnamed genus 3, Procolophonida indet. (38528)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Arkhangelsk) Insulophon morachovskayae (94236) Orenburgia bruma (93274) Orenburgia bruma, Lestanshoria massiva (93276) Orenburgia sp. (94243) Timanophon raridentatus (93382 93385)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Orenburg) Burtensia burtensis (94369) Orenburgia concinna (93201) Tichvinskia burtensis (93205) Tichvinskia majmesculae, Kapes majmesculae (79946) Tichvinskia sp. (195838)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Kirov) Tichvinskia vjatkensis (93104)
Olenekian - Anisian251.2 - 242.0China (Nei Mongol) Eumetabolodon bathycephalus (27134)
Olenekian - Anisian251.2 - 242.0China (Shaanxi) Eumetabolodon bathycephalus (27158) Pentaedrusaurus ordosianus (92429)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0Germany (Bavaria) Koiloskiosaurus coburgiensis (92888)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0Germany (Thuringia) Anomoiodon liliensterni (85958)
Aegean - Bithynian247.2 - 242.0Switzerland (Basel-Stadt) Labyrinthodon ruetimeyeri (85940)
Aegean - Bithynian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Anomoiodon krejcii (134302) Sclerosaurus armatus (85939)
Aegean - Bithynian247.2 - 242.0USA (New Mexico) Procolophonidae indet. (135441)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Russian Federation (Orenburg) Kapes serotinus (93156)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0South Africa (Free State) Procolophonidae indet. (171026) Thelegnathus oppressus, Thelegnathus perforatus (92313) Thelegnathus spinigenis, Teratophon spinigenis (92310)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0United Kingdom (England) Kapes bentoni (88977 88978) Procolophonidae indet. (88980)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Tanzania (Ruvuma) Mandaphon nadra (192672)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Shanxi) Neoprocolophon asiaticus (92480) Paoteodon huanghoensis (92481)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Anomoiodon sp., Sclerosaurus sp. (227834)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Spain (Barcelona) Procolophonidae indet. (171375)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Nei Mongol) Eumetabolodon bathycephalus (92436)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0South Africa (Eastern Cape) Thelegnathus browni, Thelegnathus parvus (80060) Thelegnathus contritus (92312)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Procolophonidae indet. (101875)
Ladinian - Carnian242.0 - 228.0Madagascar (Toliara) Procolophonidae indet. (96207)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Virginia) Procolophonidae indet. (39159)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Morocco (Marrakech-Safi) Procolophonidae indet. (58618)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Hypsognathus sp. (107286) Procolophonidae indet. (80074 80079 80093 89078)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0United Kingdom (England) Hwiccewyrm trispiculum (46889) Procolophonidae indet. (13173)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5United Kingdom (Scotland) Leptopleuron lacertinum (57948) Telerpeton elginense (89011)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Canada (Nova Scotia) Hypsognathus sp. (89142)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Soturnia caliodon (55446)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Colognathus obscurus (48424) Libognathus sheddi (79947) Procolophonidae indet. (13266)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Arizona) Procolophonidae indet. (39160 84017 92850)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Procolophonidae indet. (84272)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3USA (New Jersey) Hypsognathus fenneri (80143 89137 92107)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3United Kingdom (England) Procolophonidae indet. (120898)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (Utah) Leptopleuroninae indet. (93495)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3United Kingdom (Wales) Hypsognathus sp., Leptopleuroninae indet., Haligonia sp., Haligonia bolodon, Scoloparia sp., Smilodonterpeton ruthinensis (46077)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (Connecticut) Hypsognathus fenneri (89140)