Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Included Taxa
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Cladida

Crinoidea

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1943Cladida Moore and Laudon
1958Cladoidea Ramsbottom p. 109
1977Cladida Burke p. 174
1979Cladida Haugh p. 18
1987Cladida Webster and Lane p. 9
1998Cladida Ausich p. 17
1998Cladida Ausich et al.
1999Cladida Webster et al. p. 467
2002Cladida Sepkoski
2007Cladida Ausich et al. p. 1381
2007Cladida Ciampaglio et al. p. 245
2007Cladida Webster and Lane p. 955
2009Cladida Webster et al. p. 246
2010Dimerocrinites anticostiensis Ausich and Copper
2010Cladida Ausich and Copper p. 37
2012Cladida Webster and Webster
2017Cladida Wright et al.
2018Cladida Ausich et al.
2018Cladida Mao et al. p. 1069
2019Cladida Ausich and Cournoyer
2019Cladida Ausich et al.
2019Cladida Wright et al.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
RankNameAuthor
subphylumBlastozoa
classCrinoideaMiller 1821
subclassPentacrinoideaJaekel 1918
infraclassInadunata(Wachsmuth and Springer 1897)
Cladida(Moore and Laudon 1943)
Cladida(Moore and Laudon 1943)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Cladida Moore and Laudon 1943
show all | hide all
G. †Aithriocrinus Donov and Veltka 1993
Or. †Ampelocrinida Webster and Jell 1999
+
Fm. †Ampelocrinidae Kirk 1942
+
Subfm. †Ampelocrininae Kirk 1942
+
G. †Halogetocrinus Strimple and Moore 1971
+
Halogetocrinus boellstorffae Pabian and Strimple 1974
Halogetocrinus paucus Strimple and Moore 1971
G. †Ampelocrinus Kirk 1942
+
Ampelocrinus convexus Strimple 1940
G. †Armenocrinus Strimple and Horowitz 1971
G. †Chlidonocrinus Strimple and Watkins 1969
G. †Cymbiocrinus Kirk 1944
+
Cymbiocrinus anatonus Washburn 1968
Cymbiocrinus cuneatus Washburn 1968
G. †Exallocrinus Webster et al. 2022
+
Exallocrinus khuffensis Webster et al. 2022
G. †Globocrinus Washburn 1968
+
Globocrinus bulbus Washburn 1968
G. †Oklahomacrinus Moore 1939
+
Oklahomacrinus expansus Wanner 1916
Oklahomacrinus supinus Moore 1939
Oklahomacrinus triangulus Webster and Lane 2007
G. †Proampelocrinus Gupta and Webster 1974
G. †Spheniscocrinus Wanner 1937
+
Spheniscocrinus australis Webster and Jell 1992
Fm. †Calceolispongiidae Teichert 1954
+
+
Allosocrinus bronaughi Strimple 1949
G. †Calceolispongia Etheridge Jr. 1915
+
Calceolispongia abundans Teichert 1949
Calceolispongia aculeata Wanner 1924
Calceolispongia cornuta Wanner 1916
Calceolispongia digitata Teichert 1949
Calceolispongia gerthi Willink 1979
Calceolispongia hindei Etheridge Jr. 1915
Calceolispongia mammeata Wanner 1924
Calceolispongia nodosa Etheridge Jr. 1892
Calceolispongia spinosa Teichert 1949
Calceolispongia stephensi Etheridge Jr. 1892
Calceolispongia teicherti Willink 1979
Invalid names: Dinocrinus Wanner 1916 [synonym]
G. †Jimbacrinus Teichert 1954
+
Jimbacrinus bostocki Teichert 1954
Jimbacrinus donnellyensis Webster and Jell 1992
Jimbacrinus minilyaensis Webster 1990
Jimbacrinus noetlingi Sieverts-Doreck 1942
G. †Metacalceolispongia Webster and Jell 1999
+
Metacalceolispongia cherrabunensis Webster and Jell 1992
Fm. †Corythocrinidae Strimple and Watkins 1969
+
G. †Campbellicrinus Jell and Willink 1993
+
Campbellicrinus compactus Jell and Willink 1993
Campbellicrinus nodosus Webster et al. 2009
G. †Hutkocrinus Webster et al. 2003
+
Hutkocrinus kermanensis Webster et al. 2003
G. †Tasmanocrinus Willink 1979
+
Tasmanocrinus mariensis Willink 1979
Fm. †Tribrachyocrinidae Arendt and Willink 1981
+
G. †Meganotocrinus Willink 1979
+
Meganotocrinus konincki De Koninck 1877
Meganotocrinus princeps Etheridge Jr. 1892
Invalid names: Pentadia corona Dana 1849 [nomen dubium]
G. †Nowracrinus Willink 1979
+
Nowracrinus ornatus Etheridge Jr. 1892
G. †Tribrachyocrinus M'Coy 1847
+
Tribrachyocrinus granulatus Etheridge Jr. 1892
Tribrachyocrinus rattei Willink 1979
Invalid names: Pentadia Dana 1847 [nomen dubium], Pentadia reniformis Dana 1847 [nomen dubium], Pentadia spatangus Dana 1847 [nomen dubium], Pentadia trigona Dana 1847 [nomen dubium]
G. †Bicidiocrinus Strimple 1975
G. †Briseocrinus Prokop and Petr 1991
G. †Cathetocrinus Knapp 1969
G. †Contignatindocrinus Arendt 1981
Superfm. †Cromyocrinacea Bather 1890
+
Fm. †Eupachycrinidae Miller 1890
+
G. †Eupachycrinus Meek and Worthen 1865
G. †Intermediacrinus Sutton and Winkler 1940
Fm. †Phanocrinidae Knapp 1969
+
G. †Bronaughocrinus Strimple 1951
G. †Cryphiocrinus Kirk 1929
G. †Hosieocrinus Wright 1952
G. †Idosocrinus Wright 1954
G. †Pentaramicrinus Sutton and Winkler 1940
G. †Phanocrinus Kirk 1937
+
Phanocrinus insolitus Webster and Lane 1967
Fm. †Ulocrinidae Moore and Strimple 1973
+
G. †Probletocrinus Strimple and Moore 1971
+
Probletocrinus curtus Strimple and Moore 1971
G. †Tyrieocrinus Wright 1945
G. †Ureocrinus Wright and Strimple 1945
Subor. †Dendrocrinina Bather 1899
+
G. †Kophinocrinus Goldring 1954
G. †Eopilidiocrinus Arendt 1981
Unr. Eucladida Wright 2017
+
Infraor. Articulata Miller 1821
+
G. †Bihaticrinus Kristan-Tollmann 1990
+
Bihaticrinus manipulus Kristan-Tollmann 1990
Or. Comatulida Clark 1908 [Feather star]
+
Subor. Bourgueticrinina Sieverts-Doreck 1953
+
Fm. Bathycrinidae Bather 1899
+
Invalid names: Rhizocrinidae Jaekel 1894 [synonym]
Fm. Bourgueticrinidae Loriol 1882
Fm. Phrynocrinidae Clark 1907
Fm. Septocrinidae Mironov 2000
Fm. Comatulidae d'Orbigny 1852 [crinoid]
+
Subfm. Comatellinae Summers et al. 2014
Subfm. Comatulinae Fleming 1828
G. †Sievertsella Radwańska 2003
+
Invalid names: Sievertsia Radwanska 1987 [replaced]
Invalid names: Actinometridae Bather 1899 [synonym], Comasteridae Clark 1908 [synonym]
Subor. Comatulidina Clark 1908
+
Superfm. Antedonoidea Norman 1865
Superfm. Atelecrinoidea Bather 1899 [crinoid]
Fm. Atopocrinidae Messing 2011
Infraor. Comatulidia Clark
Fm. †Jaekelometridae Hess and Messing 2011
Superfm. Mariametroidea Rasmussen 1978
G. †Microcrinus Emmons 1858
Superfm. Notocrinoidea Mortensen 1918
Superfm. †Paracomatuloidea Hess 1951
G. †Procomaster Simms 1988
Superfm. †Solanocrinitoidea Jaekel 1918
Superfm. Tropiometroidea Clark 1908
Superfm. †Uintacrinoidea Zittel 1879
Invalid names: Paracomatulacea Hess 1951 [empty]
Subor. Guillecrinina Mironov and Sorokina
+
Fm. Guillecrinidae Mironov and Sorokina
G. †Solanocrinus Goldfuss 1829
G. †Corythocrinus Kirk 1946
G. †Cratecrinus Mironov 2011
+
Subg. †Cratecrinus (Cratecrinus) Mironov 2011
+
Cratecrinus (Cratecrinus) crimicus Mironov and Sorokina 1998
Cratecrinus (Cratecrinus) germinatus Mironov and Sorokina 1998
Invalid names: Craterocrinus (Craterocrinus) Mironov and Sorokina 1998 [replaced]
Subg. †Cratecrinus (Excavocrinus) Mironov and Sorokina 1998
+
Cratecrinus (Excavocrinus) actinodromus Mironov and Sorokina 1998
Invalid names: Craterocrinus Mironov and Sorokina 1998 [replaced]
Fm. †Cyclocrinidae Sieverts-Doreck 1953
+
G. †Cyclocrinus d'Orbigny 1850
+
Cyclocrinus dumortieri Loriol 1885
Cyclocrinus rugosus d'Orbigny 1841
Cyclocrinus variolarius Seeley 1866
Invalid names: Acrochordocrinus Trautschold 1859 [synonym]
Or. Cyrtocrinida Sieverts-Doreck 1953
+
G. †Apsidocrinus Jaekel 1907
Subor. †Cyrtocrinina Sieverts-Doreck 1952
+
Superfm. †Eugeniacrinitoidea Roemer 1855
Superfm. †Plicatocrinoidea Zittel 1879
Fm. †Proholopodidae Zitt 1974
Invalid names: Cyrtocrinidia Sieverts-Doreck 1952 [empty]
Subor. †Holopodina Arendt 1974
+
Fm. †Cotyledermatidae Wright 1876
Fm. †Eudesicrinidae Bather 1899
Fm. †Hemibrachiocrinidae Arendt 1968
Fm. †Holopodidae Zittel 1879
Fm. †Pseudosaccocomidae Patrulius 1956
Invalid names: Lotocrinus [nomen nudum]
Or. †Encrinida Matsumoto 1929
+
Fm. †Ainigmacrinidae Hagdorn 1988
+
G. †Ainigmacrinus Hagdorn 1988
Fm. †Dadocrinidae Dujardin and Hupé 1862
+
G. †Baudicrinus Oji and Twitchett 2015
G. †Carnallicrinus Hagdorn 2004
+
Invalid names: Beyrichocrinus Jaekel 1918 [replaced]
G. †Dadocrinus von Meyer 1847
+
Invalid names: Calathocrinus von Meyer 1847 [synonym], Cremacrinus Jaekel 1918 [replaced], Recoarocrinus Gislen 1924 [synonym]
Fm. †Encrinidae Dujardin and Hupé 1862
+
G. †Cassianocrinus Laube 1865
G. †Chelocrinus Meyer 1837
+
Invalid names: Chelocrinites Geinitz 1846 [synonym]
G. †Encrinus Lamarck 1801
+
Invalid names: Encrina Bronn 1848 [synonym], Jenaicrinus Jaekel 1918 [synonym]
G. †Zardinicrinus Hagdorn 2004
Fm. †Traumatocrinidae Mu 1949
+
G. †Traumatocrinus Woehrmann 1889
G. †Vostocovacrinus Yeltyschewa and Polyarnaya 1986
Invalid names: Flabellocrinites Klipstein 1845 [nomen dubium]
Or. †Holocrinida Jaekel 1918
+
Fm. †Holocrinidae Jaekel 1918
+
G. †Eckicrinus Hagdorn and Gluchowski 1993
G. †Holocrinus Wachsmuth and Springer 1886
G. †Moenocrinus Hildebrand 1926
G. †Tollmannicrinus Klikushin 1982
Or. Hyocrinida Rasmussen 1978
+
Fm. Hyocrinidae Carpenter 1884
+
G. Anachalypsicrinus Clark 1973
G. Belyaevicrinus Mironov and Sorokina 1998
G. Calamocrinus Agassiz 1890
G. Dumetocrinus Mironov and Sorokina 1998
G. Feracrinus Mironov and Sorokina 1998
+
Invalid names: Camaecrinus Mironov and Sorokina 1998 [synonym]
G. Gephyrocrinus Koehler and Bather 1902
G. Hyocrinus Thomson 1876
G. Laubiericrinus Roux 2004
G. Ptilocrinus Clark 1907
G. Thalassocrinus Clark 1911
Or. Isocrinida Sieverts-Doreck 1952
+
Subor. Isocrinina Sieverts-Doreck 1952
+
Fm. †Cainocrinidae Simms 1988
Fm. Isocrinidae Gislén 1924
Fm. Isselicrinidae Klikushkin 1977
Fm. Proisocrinidae Rasmussen 1978
Subor. †Pentacrinitina Gray 1842
+
Fm. †Eocomatulidae Simms 1988
Fm. †Pentacrinitidae Gray 1842
+
Invalid names: Pentacrinidae Gray 1842 [replaced]
Invalid names: Polycerus Fischer von Waldheim 1811 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Lanternocrinidae Kristan-Tollmann 1990
+
G. †Lanternocrinus Kristan-Tollmann 1988
+
Lanternocrinus lanterna Kristan-Tollmann 1988
G. †Nasutocrinus Kristan-Tollmann 1990
+
Nasutocrinus dentatus Kristan-Tollmann 1990
Nasutocrinus leios Kristan-Tollmann 1990
Fm. †Leocrinidae Kristan-Tollmann 1990
+
G. †Leocrinus Kristan-Tollmann 1990
+
Leocrinus armatus Kristan-Tollmann 1990
Leocrinus diffissus Kristan-Tollmann 1990
Leocrinus gracilis Kristan-Tollmann 1990
Leocrinus krystyni Kristan-Tollmann 1990
Leocrinus undulatus Kristan-Tollmann 1990
Or. †Millericrinida Sieverts-Doreck 1953
+
G. †Amaltheocrinus Klikushin 1984
+
Amaltheocrinus amalthei Quenstedt 1852
Amaltheocrinus hausmanni Roemer 1836
+
Invalid names: Plicatocrinus liasinus Quenstedt 1852 [synonym]
Fm. †Apiocrinitidae d'Orbigny 1840
+
G. †Apiocrinites Miller 1821
G. †Guettardicrinus d'Orbigny 1840
Fm. †Bangtoupocrinidae Stiller 2000
+
Subfm. †Bangtoupocrininae Stiller 2000
Subfm. †Silesiacrininae Stiller 2000
G. †Carinacrinus Hess 2006
+
Carinacrinus hagdorni Hess 2006
G. †Catinicrinus Hess 2006
+
Catinicrinus jaegeri Hess 2006
Fm. †Millericrinidae Jaeckel 1918
+
G. †Ailsacrinus Taylor 1983
G. †Angulocrinus Rollier 1911
G. †Liliocrinus Rollier 1911
G. †Millericrinus d'Orbigny 1840
G. †Orbignycrinus Biese 1935
+
Invalid names: Cupulocrinus Rollier 1911 [replaced]
G. †Pomatocrinus Desor 1845
G. †Shroshaecrinus Klikushin 1987
Subor. Millericrinina Sieverts-Doreck 1953
+
Invalid names: Apiocrinidae d'Orbigny 1852 [empty], Apiocrinus cretaceus Fraas 1878 [nomen nudum], Millericrinidia Sieverts-Doreck 1952 [empty]
Fm. †Neodadocrinidae Hess 2006
+
G. †Neodadocrinus Manni and Nicosia 1990
G. †Pustulocrinus Hess 2006
G. †Rotacrinus Hess 2006
+
Rotacrinus canalis Hess 2006
G. †Serracrinus Hess 2006
+
Serracrinus planus Hess 2006
G. †Souticrinus Nicosia 1991
+
Souticrinus farinacciae Nicosia 1991
Invalid names: Hyocrinina Rasmussen 1978 [empty]
Fm. †Qingyanocrinidae Stiller 2000
+
G. †Qingyanocrinus Stiller 2000
+
Qingyanocrinus kueichounensis Dubatolova and Shao 1959
Or. †Roveacrinida Sieverts-Doreck
+
Fm. †Axicrinidae Hess and Messing 2011
+
G. †Axicrinus Kristan-Tollmann 1977
Fm. †Roveacrinidae Peck 1943
+
G. †Birgelenocrinus Jagt 1999
G. †Calvaticrinus Gale and Matrion 2021
G. †Discocrinus Peck 1943
G. †Hyalocrinus Destombes 1985
G. †Lebenharticrinus Žítt et al. 2019
G. †Orthogonocrinus Peck 1943
G. †Platelicrinus Destombes and Breton 2001
G. †Plotocrinus Peck 1943
G. †Poecilocrinus Peck 1943
G. †Roveacrinoides Rasmussen 1971
G. †Roveacrinus Douglas 1908
+
Invalid names: Drepanocrinus Jaekel 1921 [synonym]
G. †Scotocrinus Kozur and Mostler 1992
G. †Styracocrinus Peck 1955
G. †Veugelersia Jagt 1999
Fm. †Saccocomidae d'Orbigny 1852
+
Subfm. †Applinocrininae Hess and Messing 2011
Subfm. †Saccocominae d'Orbigny 1852
Invalid names: Pseudosaccocominae Bachmayer 1958 [empty]
Fm. †Somphocrinidae Hess and Messing 2011
+
G. †Ossicrinus Kristan-Tollmann 1970
G. †Osteocrinus Kristan-Tollmann 1970
+
Invalid names: Poculicrinus Mostler 1972 [synonym]
G. †Somphocrinus Peck 1943
+
Invalid names: Vasculicrinus Donofrio and Mostler 1975 [synonym]
G. †Taurocrinus Klikushin 1984
+
Taurocrinus tauricus Klikushin 1984
Fm. †Tulipacrinidae Kristan-Tollmann 1980
+
G. †Tulipacrinus Kristan-Tollmann 1980
+
Tulipacrinus latus Kristan-Tollmann 1990
Tulipacrinus tulipa Kristan-Tollmann 1980
Invalid names: Uintacrinida [empty]
Unr. Articuliformes Wright 2017
+
Fm. †Botryocrinidae Bather 1899
+
G. †Ancyrocrinus Hall 1862
+
Ancyrocrinus bulbosus Hall 1862
Ancyrocrinus crozonensis Menn and Jaouen 2003
G. †Barycrinus Meeke and Worthen 1868
+
Barycrinus spurius Hall 1868
G. †Botryocrinus Angelin 1878
+
Botryocrinus ramosissimus Angelin 1878
Botryocrinus thomasi Laudon 1936
G. †Cosmocrinus Jaeckel 1898
+
Cosmocrinus polonicus Gluchowski 2002
G. †Costalocrinus Jaekel 1918
+
Costalocrinus conkini McIntosh 1984
Costalocrinus cornutus Owen and Schumard 1850
Costalocrinus dilatatus Schultze 1867
Costalocrinus helenae Schmidt 1941
Costalocrinus rex McIntosh 1984
Costalocrinus sentosus Goldring 1923
G. †Fragucrinus Ausich and Copper 2010
+
Fragucrinus bothros Ausich and Copper 2010
G. †Gastrocrinus Jaekel 1895
G. †Gothocrinus Bather 1893
G. †Imitatocrinus Schmidt 1934
G. †Jahnocrinus Jeakel 1918
G. †Mastigocrinus Bather 1892
+
Mastigocrinus bravoniensis Ramsbottom 1958
G. †Myosocrinus Ausich and Copper 2010
+
Myosocrinus chicottensis Ausich and Copper 2010
G. †Parabotryocrinus Yakovlev 1941
G. †Rhadinocrinus Jaekel 1895
G. †Sigambrocrinus Schmidt 1942
G. †Situlacrinus Breimer 1962
+
Situlacrinus costatus Breimer 1962
Fm. †Plicodendrocrinidae Jell 1999
+
G. †Plicodendrocrinus Brower 1995
+
Plicodendrocrinus epinettensis Ausich and Copper 2010
Plicodendrocrinus martini Ausich and Cournoyer 2019
Plicodendrocrinus observationensis Ausich and Copper 2010
Plicodendrocrinus petryki Ausich and Cournoyer 2019
Superor. †Cyathoformes Wright et al. 2017
+
Or. †Cyathocrinida Bather 1899
+
Superfm. †Codiacrinoidea Bather 1890
+
Fm. †Codiacrinidae Bather 1890
Fm. †Oligobrachyocrinidae Arendt 1981
Fm. †Streblocrinidae Lane 1967
Fm. †Sycocrinitidae Lane 1967
Superfm. †Cyathocrinitoidea Roemer 1854
+
Fm. †Agostocrinidae Ausich 1998
Fm. †Barycrinidae Jaekel 1918
Fm. †Cyathocrinitidae Roemer 1854
Fm. †Euspirocrinidae Bather 1890
+
Invalid names: Ampheristocrinidae Miller 1889 [synonym], Parisocrinidae Jaekel 1918 [synonym]
Fm. †Lecythocrinidae Kirk 1934
Fm. †Thalamocrinidae Miller and Gurley 1895
G. †Elicrinus Prokop 1973
Superfm. †Gasterocomacea Roemer 1854
+
Fm. †Cupressocrinitidae Roemer 1954
Fm. †Gasterocomidae Roemer 1854
Fm. †Petalocrinidae Weller and Davidson 1896
Fm. †Sphaerocrinidae Jaekel 1895
Superfm. †Gasterocomoidea Roemer 1854
+
Fm. †Crotalocrinitidae Bassler 1938
Superfm. †Hypocrinacea Wanner 1916
+
Invalid names: Hypocrinidae Wanner 1916 [empty]
G. †Parastephanocrinus Springer 1926
Invalid names: Codiacrinacea Bather 1890 [empty]
Or. †Dendrocrinida Bather 1899
+
Fm. †Aesiocrinidae Webster and Lane 2007
+
G. †Adacrinus Pabian and Strimple 1985
G. †Elassocrinus Webster and Lane 2007
G. †Lecobasicrinus Strimple and Watkins 1969
G. †Moundocrinus Strimple 1939
G. †Paracymbiocrinus Burdick and Strimple 1973
G. †Polusocrinus Strimple 1951
Superfm. †Agassizocrinoidea Miller 1888
+
Fm. †Agassizocrinidae Miller 1889
Fm. †Anobasicrinidae Strimple 1961
Fm. †Basleocrinidae Wanner 1916
Fm. †Trimerocrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943
Superfm. †Apographiocrinoidea Moore and Laudon 1943
+
Fm. †Apographiocrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943
Fm. †Pachylocrinidae Kirk 1942
Fm. †Bridgerocrinidae Webster and Lane 2007
+
G. †Bridgerocrinus Laudon and Severson 1953
G. †Ekteinocrinus Webster and Lane 2007
G. †Melbacrinus Strimple 1939
Superfm. †Cromyocrinoidea Bather 1890
+
Fm. †Cadocrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943
Fm. †Cromyocrinidae Bather 1890
Fm. †Indocrinidae Wanner 1916
Fm. †Parindocrinidae Webster and Maples
Superfm. †Dendrocrinacea Wachsmuth and Springer 1886
+
Fm. †Colpodecrinidae Sprinkle and Kolata 1982
Fm. †Dendrocrinidae Wachsmuth and Springer 1886
+
Invalid names: Ottawacrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943 [synonym]
Superfm. †Erisocrinoidea Wachsmuth and Springer 1886
+
Fm. †Arkacrinidae Knapp 1969
Fm. †Catacrinidae Knapp 1969
G. †Cricocrinus Strimple and Watkins 1969
Fm. †Erisocrinidae Miller 1889
Fm. †Paradelocrinidae Knapp 1969
Fm. †Protencrinidae Knapp 1969
Superfm. †Glossocrinacea Webster et al. 2003
+
Fm. †Amabilicrinidae Webster et al. 2003
Fm. †Glossocrinidae Goldring 1923
+
G. †Blothrocrinus Kirk 1940
G. †Catactocrinus Goldring 1923
G. †Charientocrinus Goldring 1923
G. †Gelasinocrinus Webster et al. 2003
G. †Glossocrinus Goldring 1923
G. †Liparocrinus Goldring 1923
Superfm. †Graphiocrinoidea Webster and Donovan 2015
+
Fm. †Graphiocrinidae Wachsmuth and Springer 1886
Fm. †Stachyocrinidae Moore and Strimple 1973
Fm. †Kraterocrinidae Webster and Donovan 2012
+
G. †Kraterocrinus Webster and Donovan 2012
Superfm. †Lophocrinoidea Bather 1899
+
Fm. †Laudonocrinidae Moore and Strimple 1973
Fm. †Pelecocrinidae Kirk 1941
Fm. †Stellarocrinidae Strimple 1961
Superfm. †Mastigocrinacea Jaekel 1918
+
Fm. †Mastigocrinidae Jaekel 1918
Superfm. †Mastigocrinoidea Jaekel 1918
+
Fm. †Thenarocrinidae Jaekel 1918
Superfm. †Merocrinacea Miller 1890
+
Fm. †Ontariocrinidae Jaekel 1918
Superfm. †Mollocrinoidea Wanner 1916
+
Fm. †Mollocrinidae Wanner 1916
+
Invalid names: Mollocrinacea Wanner 1916 [objective synonym]
G. †Pentaxocrinus Webster and Lane 2007
+
Pentaxocrinus quinarius Lane and Webster 1966
Superfm. †Pirasocrinacea Moore and Laudon 1943
+
Fm. †Adinocrinidae Strimple 1961
Superfm. †Pirasocrinoidea Moore and Laudon 1943
+
Fm. †Pirasocrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943
Fm. †Rutkowskicrinidae McIntosh 2001
+
G. †Decorocrinus McIntosh 2001
G. †Iteacrinus Goldring 1923
G. †Propoteriocrinus Schmidt 1934
+
Invalid names: Poteriocrinus Worthen 1875 [synonym]
G. †Quantoxocrinus Webby 1965
G. †Rutkowskicrinus McIntosh 2001
G. †Sacrinus Jell and Theron 1999
G. †Schmidtocrinus Haarmann 1923
Superfm. †Scytalocrinacea Moore and Laudon 1943
+
Fm. †Scytalocrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943
Superfm. †Scytalocrinoidea Moore and Laudon 1943
+
Fm. †Aphelecrinidae Strimple 1967
G. †Arroyocrinus Lane and Webster 1966
Fm. †Blothrocrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943
Fm. †Cercidocrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943
G. †Dochmocrinus Webster and Donovan 2012
Fm. †Spaniocrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943
Superfm. †Timorocidaroidea Arendt 1981
+
Fm. †Sundacrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943
+
Invalid names: Timorocidaridae Arendt 1981 [synonym]
Superfm. †Zeacrinitoidea Bassler and Moodey 1943
+
Fm. †Exocrinidae Strimple and Watkins 1969
Fm. †Scotiacrinidae Moore and Strimple 1973
Fm. †Timorechinidae Jaekel 1918
Fm. †Zeacrinitidae Bassler and Moodey 1943
Invalid names: Plicodendrocrinacea Jell 1999 [empty], Poteriocrinida Jaekel 1918 [synonym]
Or. †Poteriocrinina Jaekel 1918
+
Superfm. †Agassizocrinacea Miller 1888
+
Fm. †Bursacrinidae Kirk 1947
Fm. †Decadocrinidae Bather 1890
Invalid names: Cricocrinidae Moore and Strimple 1973 [empty]
G. †Aulodesocrinus Wright 1942
G. †Carlopsocrinus Wright 1933
Superfm. †Decadocrinoidea Bather 1890
+
Fm. †Clathrocrinidae Strimple and Moore 1971
Superfm. †Hydreionocrinacea Jaekel 1918
+
Fm. †Hydreionocrinidae Jaekel 1918
Superfm. †Poteriocrinitacea Austin and Austin 1842
+
Fm. †Poteriocrinitidae Roemer 1851
Superfm. †Rhenocrinacea Jaekel 1918
+
Fm. †Proctothylacocrinidae Kier 1952
Fm. †Rhenocrinidae Jaekel 1918
G. †Tarassocrinus Webster et al. 1999
Invalid names: Apographiocrinacea Moore and Laudon 1943 [empty], Calceolispongiacea Teichert 1954 [empty], Calceolispongioidea Teichert 1954 [empty], Cupressocrinitacea Roemer 1854 [empty]
Superor. †Flexibilia Zittel 1895
+
Fm. †Cupulocrinidae Moore and Laudon 1943
+
G. †Cupulocrinus d'Orbigny 1849
+
Cupulocrinus humilis Billings 1857
Cupulocrinus latibrachiatus Billings 1857
G. †Morenacrinus Ausich et al. 2002
+
Morenacrinus silvani Ausich et al. 2002
G. †Quinquecaudex Brower and Veinus 1982
+
Quienquecaudex springeri Kolata 1975
Fm. †Edriocrinidae Miller 1889
+
G. †Edriocrinus Hall 1858
G. †Icthyocrinus Conrad 1842
Or. †Sagenocrinida Springer 1913
+
Fm. †Homalocrinidae Angelin 1878
+
G. †Tintinnabulicrinus Wright and Toom 2017
+
Tintinnabulicrinus estoniensis Wright and Toom 2017
Superfm. †Icthyocrinacea Angelin 1878
+
Fm. †Anisocrinidae Eckert and Brett 2001
+
Superfm. †Icthyocrinoidea Wachsmuth and Springer 1886
+
Fm. †Icthyocrinidae Wachsmuth and Springer 1886
+
G. †Cleistocrinus Springer 1920
Superfm. †Lecanocrinacea Webster 2006
+
Fm. †Gaulocrinidae Moore and Strimple 1973
+
Fm. †Lecanocrinidae Springer 1913
+
Fm. †Nipterocrinidae Jaekel 1918
+
Fm. †Palaeoholopodidae Wanner 1916
+
Superfm. †Lecanocrinoidea Webster 2006
+
Fm. †Calycocrinidae Moore and Strimple 1973
+
G. †Plagiocrinus Wanner 1924
+
G. †Cibolocrinus Weller 1909
G. †Loxocrinus Wanner 1916
G. †Petrocrinus Wanner 1924
G. †Strobocrinus Lane 1979
G. †Syntomocrinus Wanner 1916
G. †Trinalicrinus Lane 1979
Fm. †Prophyllocrinidae Moore and Strimple 1973
+
G. †Ancistrocrinus Wanner 1924
G. †Proapsidocrinus Wanner 1924
Superfm. †Sagenocrinitoidea Bassler 1938
+
Fm. †Sagenocrinitidae Bassler 1938
+
G. †Meristocrinus Springer 1909
G. †Trampidocrinus Lane and Webster 1966
Superfm. †Sagenocrinoidea Bassler 1938
+
Fm. †Dactylocrinidae Bather 1899
+
G. †Nevadacrinus Lane and Webster 1966
G. †Rumphiocrinus Wanner 1924
Fm. †Euryocrinidae Moore and Strimple 1973
+
G. †Ainacrinus Wright 1941
G. †Ancoracrinus Webster and Lane 1987
G. †Paramphicrinus Strimple and Moore 1971
Or. †Taxocrinida Springer 1913
+
G. †Haereticotaxocrinus Franzen 1981
Fm. †Paerticrinidae Wright and Toom 2017
+
G. †Paerticrinus Wright and Toom 2017
+
Paerticrinus arvosus Wright and Toom 2017
G. †Praeorocrinus Gluchowski 1980
Superfm. †Taxocrinacea Angelin 1878
+
Fm. †Synerocrinidae Jaekel 1918
+
G. †Enascocrinus Strimple and Watkins 1969
G. †Euonychocrinus Strimple 1940
G. †Onychocrinus Lyon and Cassidy 1860
G. †Synerocrinus Jaekel 1897
Fm. †Taxocrinidae Angelin 1878
+
G. †Eutaxocrinus Springer 1906
G. †Gnorimocrinus Wachsmuth and Springer 1879
G. †Ladacrinus Ausich and Copper 2010
G. †Parichthyocrinus Springer 1902
G. †Protaxocrinus Springer 1906
G. †Taxocrinus Phillips 1843
Invalid names: Pinnata [empty], Taxocrinoidea Springer 1913 [empty]
G. †Goniocrinus Miller and Gurley 1890
G. †Harmostocrinus Strimple 1975
G. †Idaeumocrinus le Menn 1987
G. †Kanabinocrinus Ausich 1986
G. †Kansacrinus Pabian and Strimple 1985
G. †Kooptoonocrinus Jell and Holloway 1983
G. †Lanecrinus Kamm and Ausi 1993
G. †Lekocrinus Kamm and Ausi 1994
Superfm. †Lophocrinacea Bather 1899
+
Fm. †Lophocrinidae Bather 1899
+
G. †Lophocrinus Meyer 1858
G. †Manicrinus Frest and Strimple 1978
G. †Mathericrinus Webster 1981
G. †Nacocrinus Webster and Olson 1998
G. †Nuxocrinus Mclntosh 1983
G. †Parascytalocrinus Kamm and Ausi 1993
Superor. †Porocrinoidea Wright et al. 2017
+
Or. †Hybocrinida Jaekel 1918
+
Fm. †Baerocrinidae Jaekel 1918
+
G. †Baerocrinus Volborth 1865
Fm. †Cornucrinidae Regnell 1948
+
G. †Cornucrinus Regnell 1948
+
Cornucrinus longicornis Regnell 1948
Cornucrinus mirus Regnell 1948
G. †Tripatocrinus Sprinkle 1973
+
Tripatocrinus pustulatus Sprinkle 1973
Subor. †Cyathocrinoidea Bather 1899
+
Invalid names: Carabocrinidae Bather 1899 [empty]
Fm. †Hybocrinidae Zittel 1879
+
G. †Hoplocrinus Grewingk 1867
+
Hoplocrinus dalearlicus Regnell 1948
G. †Hybocrinus Billings 1857
+
Hybocrinus conicus Billings 1857
Hybocrinus nitidus Sinclair 1945
Hybocrinus pristinus Billings 1858
Hybocrinus tumidus Billings 1857
G. †Parahybocrinus Guensburg and Sprinkle 2022
+
Parahybocrinus siewersi Guensburg and Sprinkle 2022
G. †Revalocrinus Jaekel 1918
G. †Syndiasmocrinus Guensburg and Sprinkle 2022
+
Syndiasmocrinus apokalypto Guensburg and Sprinkle 2022
Fm. †Hybocystitidae Jaekel 1918
+
G. †Hybocystites Wetherby 1880
+
Hybocystites problematicus Wetherby 1880
Invalid names: Hybocrinina Ubaghs 1971 [empty]
Or. †Porocrinida Wright et al. 2017
+
G. †Carabocrinus Billings 1857
+
Carabocrinus boltoni Ausich and Copper 2010
Carabocrinus radiatus Billings 1857
Carabocrinus tuberculatus Billings 1859
G. †Illemocrinus Eckert 1987
G. †Palaeocrinus Billings 1859
+
Palaeocrinus angulatus Billings 1857
G. †Porocrinus Billings 1857
+
Porocrinus conicus Billings 1857
G. †Triboloporus Kesling and Paul 1968
Subor. †Poteriocrinitina Jaekel 1918
+
Fm. †Diphuicrinidae Strimple and Knapp 1966
+
G. †Diphuicrinus Moore and Plummer 1937
+
Diphuicrinus croneisi Moore and Plummer 1938
Diphuicrinus faustus Moore and Strimple 1973
Diphuicrinus mammifer Moore and Strimple 1973
Diphuicrinus pentanodus Moore and Strimple 1973
G. †Premanicrinus Frest and Strimple 1982
G. †Pulaskicrinus Chesnut and Ettensohn 1988
G. †Pumilindocrinus Arendt 1981
G. †Pyrenocrinus Mclntosh 1983
G. †Rimosidocrinus Arendt 1981
G. †Sardinocrinus Pabian and Strimple 1985
G. †Scammatocrinus Burdick and Strimple 1982
Superfm. †Texacrinacea Strimple 1961
+
Fm. †Cymbiocrinidae Strimple and Watkins 1969
+
G. †Aenigmocrinus Strimple 1973
G. †Proallosocrinus Moore and Strimple 1973
+
Proallosocrinus glenisteri Moore and Strimple 1973
Fm. †Sellardsicrinidae Strimple and Watkins 1969
+
G. †Sellardsicrinus Moore and Plummer 1940
G. †Treocrinus Prokop and Petr 1991
G. †Wetherbyocrinus Chesnut and Ettensohn 1988
G. †Worthenocrinus Kamm and Ausi 1994
Invalid names: Apektocrinidae Guensburg and Sprinkle 2009 [empty], Cyathocrinacea Roemer 1854 [empty], Dimerocrinites anticostiensis Ausich and Copper 2010 [nomen nudum]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calcitec
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: stationarysubc
Attached: yessubc
Life habit: intermediate-level epifaunalsubc
Diet: suspension feedersubc
Vision: blindc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Majority of component taxa have stem lengths of >5 cm and <25 cm cm according to Brett (1984), therefore intermediate level epifaunal.subc
Created: 2009-10-09 11:50:31
Modified: 2009-10-09 13:50:31
Source: subc = subclass, c = class, p = phylum
References: Hendy et al. 2009, Kiessling 2004, Aberhan 1992

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Floian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 477.70000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 471.8 Ma

Collections (2230 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ibexian488.3 - 471.8USA (Nevada) Tripatocrinus pustulatus (104312)
Tulean485.4 - 471.8USA (Utah) Parahybocrinus siewersi (231318)
Early/Lower Ordovician485.4 - 470.0USA (Nevada) Syndiasmocrinus apokalypto, Syndiasmocrinus sp. (231317)
Floian477.7 - 470.0France (Montagne Noire) Aetocrinus moorei (20827)
Whiterockian471.8 - 457.5USA (Nevada) Tripatocrinus pustulatus (90654 104420 104468)
Whiterockian471.8 - 457.5Canada (Newfoundland) Brechmocrinus eos (196154 196163)
Whiterockian471.8 - 457.5USA (California) Tripatocrinus pustulatus (226695)
Dapingian470.0 - 467.3China (Hubei) Eopetalocrinus sinensis (195230)
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4USA (Kentucky) Triboloporus cryptoplicatus, Carabocrinus micropunctatus, Palaeocrinus avondalensis, Palaeocrinus planobasalis (124619)
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4USA (New York) Cupulocrinus sp., Dendrocrinus sp. (334) Dendrocrinus sp. (333 430)
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4USA (Oklahoma) Quinquecaudex glabellus, Hybocrinus crinerensis, Porocrinus bromidensis (201757)
Chazyan468.1 - 460.9Canada (Quebec) Hybocrinus pristinus (197279) Palaeocrinus sp. (311)
Aseri463.5 - 460.9Estonia Revalocrinus lobatus (56200)
Lasnamagi463.5 - 460.9Estonia Revalocrinus costatus (56205)
Dobrotivian460.9 - 457.5Spain (Cuidad Real) Morenacrinus silvani, Fresnedacrinus ibericus (166760)
Costonian - Harnagian460.9 - 455.8Sweden Hoplocrinus sp. (2767)
Idavere460.9 - 455.8Estonia (Ida-Viru) Hoplocrinus sp. (193514)
Idavere460.9 - 455.8Norway (Toten) Cyclocrinus porosus, Cyclocrinus spaskii (191093)
Idavere460.9 - 455.8Norway Cyclocrinus porosus (191092)
Keila460.9 - 455.8Sweden (Dalarne) Cornucrinus mirus (73412)