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Entactinaria - Entactiniidae

Trilonche was named by Hinde (1899) [Sepkoski's age data: D Tr u Sepkoski's reference number: ZR79]. Its type is Trilonche vetusta.

It was assigned to Spumellaria by Sepkoski (2002); to Entactiniinae by Aitchison et al. (1999) and Wang et al. (2003); and to Entactiniidae by De Wever et al. (2001) and Noble et al. (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1899Druppalonche Hinde
1899Staurodruppa Hinde
1899Trilonche Hinde
1997Bisphaera Won
1998Duosphaera Won
1999Trilonche Aitchison et al. p. 144
2000Bientactinosphaera Afanasieva
2000Ornatoentactinia Afanasieva
2001Trilonche De Wever et al. p. 180
2002Staurodruppa Sepkoski
2002Trilonche Sepkoski
2003Trilonche Wang et al. p. 132
2017Trilonche Noble et al. p. 449

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superphylumRetariaCavalier-Smith 1999
phylumRadiolariaMüller 1858
superorderPolycystina(Ehrenberg 1838)
orderEntactinariaKozur and Mostler 1982
familyEntactiniidaeRiedel 1967
genusTriloncheHinde 1899

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. †Trilonche Hinde 1899
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Trilonche cancellicula Foreman 1963
Trilonche davidi Hinde 1899
Trilonche echinatum Hinde 1899
Trilonche elegans Hinde 1899
Trilonche hindea Aitchison and Stratford 1997
Trilonche minax Hinde 1899
Trilonche robusta Aitchison 1993
Trilonche tetractinia Foreman 1963
Trilonche vetusta Hinde 1899
Invalid names: Bientactinosphaera Afanasieva 2000 [synonym], Bisphaera Won 1997 [synonym], Druppalonche Hinde 1899 [synonym], Duosphaera Won 1998 [synonym], Ornatoentactinia Afanasieva 2000 [synonym], Staurodruppa Hinde 1899 [synonym]
Y. Wang et al. 2003Two or more, well developed, spherical or subspherical shells, and an internal, six-rayed double spicule. When secondary spines are present, the six spines developed from the rays of the internal spicule are generally differentiated and recognizable as main spines. Up to six main spines may be present.
No measurements are available
Composition: silicap
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: passively mobilep
Life habit: planktonicp
Diet: omnivorep
Created: 2005-01-28 01:13:47
Modified: 2005-01-28 03:13:47
Source: p = phylum
Reference: Kiessling 1999

Age range: base of the Emsian to the top of the Late/Upper Bajocian or 407.60000 to 167.70000 Ma

Collections (41 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Emsian407.6 - 393.3Australia (Queensland) T. echinata, T. elegans (90986) T. elegans (90985)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Australia (Queensland) T. echinata, T. robusta (90988) T. echinata, T. vetusta, T. minax (90990) T. sp. B, T. sp. A, T. echinata, T. vetusta, T. davidi (90991)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7China (Yunnan) T. inusitata, T. parapalimbola, T. sp. A. (90904)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Australia (Queensland) T. sp., T. echinata, T. sp. B, T. vetusta, T. elegans, T. minax, T. davidi, T. robusta (90992)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Australia (Queensland) T. echinata (90993)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Russian Federation (Northern Urals) Entactinisphaera cancellicula (12330)
Late/Upper Devonian382.7 - 358.9USA (Ohio) Staurodruppa prolata (142361 142363) Staurodruppa prolata, Entactinosphaera cancellicula (142358)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1China (Guizhou) T. minax, T. davidi (90909)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1China (Yunnan) T. minax, T. davidi (90908)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9China (Guangxi) T. sp. (90911)
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9China (Yunnan) T. crassispinosa (95618)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17China (Guangxi) T. sp. (95626 95627)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Japan T. sp. (153310)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Yunnan) T. crassispinosa (95622)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17Japan T. pseudocimeria (153265 153267 153269) T. sp. (153242)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Guangxi) T. cimelia, T. pseudocimelia, T. brevispinosa, T. crassispinosa (95335 95336) T. crassispinosa (95337 95338 95339 95340 95341 95614 95615) T. textilis, T. cimelia, T. pseudocimelia, T. brevispinosa, T. crassispinosa, T. sp. 1, T. sp. 2 (95331 95332 95333 95334)
Early/Lower Aalenian - Middle Aalenian175.6 - 171.6Japan T. sp. A2 (51711)
Late/Upper Aalenian175.6 - 171.6Japan T. sp. B (51712 54166)
Late/Upper Bajocian171.6 - 167.7Japan T. sp. B0 (51714)