Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Varanus

Reptilia - Squamata - Varanidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1820Varanus Merrem
1859Megalania Owen p. 48
1884Notiosaurus Owen
1969Iberovaranus Hoffstetter
1969Iberovaranus catalaunicus Hoffstetter
1983Iberovaranus Estes
1983Megalania Estes
1983Varanus Estes
1988Iberovaranus Carroll
1988Megalania Carroll
1988Varanus Carroll
1988Varanus Estes et al.
1993Varanus Alifanov p. 12
1995Varanus Clos p. 254
1995Iberovaranus Clos p. 263
1995Megalania Clos p. 263
1996Varanus Frank and Ramus
2000Varanus Lee and Caldwell
2017Varanus Ivanov et al.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
RankNameAuthor
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Lepidosauromorpha(Benton 1983)
superorderLepidosauria()
orderSquamata
Episquamata
ToxicoferaVidal and Hedges 2005
suborderAnguimorphaFürbringer 1900
Anguiformes
infraorderPlatynotaBaur 1890
superfamilyVaranoideaGray 1827
familyVaranidaeHardwicke and Gray 1824
genusVaranusMerrem 1820

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialf
Diet: carnivoref
Reproduction: oviparousf
Created: 2005-09-16 14:10:01
Modified: 2005-09-23 16:08:59
Source: f = family, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Pianka and Vitt 2003, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the MN 4 to the top of the Holocene or 16.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 15.97 Ma

Collections (72 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aquitanian - Burdigalian23.03 - 15.97Kazakhstan V. sp. (64355)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Pakistan (Baluchistan) V. sp. (180592)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Namibia V. sp. (21855)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Uganda V. sp. (22410)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya V. rusingensis (84800) V. sp. (21726)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97China (Jiangsu) V. sp. (43400)
Orleanian20.0 - 15.97Czech Republic (Moravia) V. mokrensis (190142)
MN 416.9 - 15.97France (Midi-Pyrenees) V. sp. (136919)
MN 416.9 - 15.97Spain (Castile-La Mancha) V. hoffmanni (136269)
MN 416.9 - 15.97Spain (Catalonia) Iberovaranus catalaunicus (176265)
MN 515.97 - 13.65Portugal (Região Centro) Iberovaranus catalaunicus (136334)
MN 515.97 - 13.65Germany (Bayern) V. sp. (44977)
MN 613.65 - 12.75Germany (Bayern) V. sp. (45614)
Vallesian11.608 - 8.7Spain (Catalonia) V. hoffmanni (176268)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Italy (Cuneo) V. sp. (175903)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333India (Jammu Kashmir) V. sp. (48329)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Turkey V. sp. (56563)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Greece V. sp. (191070)
Late/Upper Miocene - Pliocene11.608 - 2.588Chad V. niloticus (24181)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Greece (Makedonia Thraki) V. sp. (157582)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Hungary V. hoffmanni (48296)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Kazakhstan V. sp. (34436)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Greece V. amnhophilis (95691)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Chad V. sp. (59839)
Ruscinian5.333 - 3.2Turkey (Ankara) V. marathonensis (34370)
Ruscinian5.333 - 3.2Spain (Soria) V. sp. (40548)
Ruscinian - Villanyian5.333 - 2.588Hungary (Barany) V. deserticolus (35354)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Uganda V. niloticus (22211)
MN 163.2 - 2.588Ukraine (Odessa) V. sp. (168020)
Villanyian3.2 - 2.588Greece V. sp. (34592)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Eritrea (Buia) V. niloticus (193126)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Indonesia (Flores) V. komodoensis (93660)
Gelasian - Calabrian2.588 - 0.781Kenya V. niloticus (22342)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126Eritrea V. niloticus (185616)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (Queensland) Megalania prisca (138403) V. priscus (187585) V. sp. (144585)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) V. gouldii, V. varius (28298) V. sp. (136076) V. varius (136430)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Kenya V. sp. (22272)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117South Africa V. sp. (21913 21920)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (New South Wales) V. sp. (96015)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Zambia V. sp. (21854)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa V. niloticus (22085)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781South Africa V. niloticus (21822)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Australia (South Australia) V. gouldii, V. varius (28364)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) V. sp. (136074 136075)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Australia (Queensland) Megalania prisca (183080)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Australia (Queensland) Megalania prisca (194846)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) V. sp. (181314)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Philippines V. salvator (194835 194836)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Thailand V. sp. (176213 176214)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Australia (South Australia) V. varius (136172)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Australia (Western Australia) V. sp. (182819)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0New Caledonia V. sp. (193988 193989)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Sudan V. exanthematicus (21902 21903 21904 21958) V. sp. (21871)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Zambia V. sp. (21894 21895)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Niger V. sp. (83304)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Northern Mariana Islands V. indicus (194647 194649)