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Elaphe

Reptilia - Squamata - Colubridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1833Elaphe Wagler
1888Elaphis Lydekker p. 251
1905Elaphis boulei De Stefano
1938Palaeoelaphe Gilmore
1979Elaphe Behler and King
1985Elaphe Bachmayer and Szyndlar p. 80
1985Elaphe Holman
1985Elaphe Szyndlar p. 448
1987Elaphe Bachmayer and Szyndlar p. 26
1988Elaphe Carroll
1995Elaphe Parmley and Holman p. 84
2010Elaphe Parmley and Hunter p. 531

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
RankNameAuthor
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Lepidosauromorpha(Benton 1983)
superorderLepidosauria()
orderSquamata
suborderOphidia(Latreille 1804)
Serpentes(Linnaeus 1758)
infraorderAlethinophidia
Macrostomata
superfamilyBooideaGray 1825
Caenophidia
superfamilyColubroidea
familyColubridae
subfamilyColubrinae
genusElapheWagler 1833

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Grouping: solitarysuperf
Environment: terrestrialsuperf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingg
Diet: carnivoreg
Created: 2005-09-06 15:56:48
Modified: 2005-09-06 17:56:48
Source: g = genus, superf = superfamily, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Greene 1997, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Behler and King 1979

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Orleanian to the top of the Holocene or 20.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 15.97 Ma

Collections (135 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Texas) E. nebraskensis (18664)
Orleanian20.0 - 15.97Czech Republic (Ústí nad Labem) E. sp. (48173)
MN 515.97 - 13.65Austria E. kohfidischi (51002)
MN 515.97 - 13.65Germany (Baden-Württemberg) E. sp. (48325)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (South Dakota) E. nebraskensis (18303)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6Canada (Saskatchewan) E. nebraskensis (18759)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Texas) E. nebraskensis (18646)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Nebraska) E. nebraskensis (18102 18141 18206 18208 18275 18284 27507) E. sp. (18031)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62France (Midi-Pyrenees) E. sp. (32191)
MN 6 - MN 7 + 813.65 - 11.1Hungary (Nograd) E. sp. (167497 167509 167512)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Kansas) E. sp. (18450)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Florida) E. sp. (18554)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nebraska) E. sp., E. kansensis (18327)
MN 7 + 812.75 - 11.1France (Rhône-Alpes) E. sp. 1, E. sp. 2 (79360)
Vallesian11.608 - 8.7Ukraine (Khmel'nitsk'yi) E. sp. (48446)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Nebraska) E. nebraskensis (18225)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Kansas) Palaeoelaphe kansensis (18237)
Late/Upper Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Nebraska) E. guttata (18247) E. obsoleta (18359) E. obsoleta, E. guttata (18126)
Late/Upper Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Oklahoma) E. buisi, E. obsoleta (18076)
Late/Upper Hemphillian - Blancan10.3 - 1.8USA (Indiana) E. sp. (18320)
MN 118.7 - 7.75Austria (Burgenland) E. kohfidischi (37789)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Hungary E. praelongissima (48296) E. szyndlari (48295) E. szyndlari, E. praelongissima (48294)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Spain E. algorensis (28625)
MN 127.75 - 7.246Hungary (Komárom-Esztergom) E. kormosi, E. praelongissima (167676)
MN 127.75 - 7.246Ukraine (Odessa) E. kohfidischi (48175)
MN 137.246 - 4.9Hungary (Central Transdanubia) Coluber kormosi, E. praelongissima (69917)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Hungary (North Hungary) E. praelongissima (136066) E. sp. (136068) E. sp., E. kormosi, E. praelongissima (136067)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Japan E. taeniura (55664)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588France (Languedoc-Roussillon Region) E. sp. (36014)
Ruscinian - Villanyian5.333 - 2.588Hungary (Barany) E. quatuorlineata (35354)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117France (Midi-Pyrenees) E. sp. (35076)
MN 144.9 - 4.2Poland Colubrinae indet. (32240)
MN 14 - MN 154.9 - 3.2Poland E. longissima (33873)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Idaho) E. pliocenica, E. vulpina (140258)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Nebraska) E. guttata (27572) E. vulpina (19960) E. vulpina, E. guttata (19954)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Kansas) E. obsoleta (19922 19927 19929 19931 19936 19940) E. sp. (19930)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Washington) E. pliocenica, E. vulpina (20062)
MN 154.2 - 3.2Poland E. longissima (33872) E. sp. (33396)
MN 154.2 - 3.2Slovakia (Trenčín) E. quatuorlineata (34255)
MN 154.2 - 3.2Moldova E. sp. (50941)
MN 154.2 - 3.2Ukraine (Odessa) E. sp. (168015)
MN 15 - MN 164.2 - 2.588Poland (Siedlce) E. paralongissima (34840)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588France E. longissima (49096)
MN 163.2 - 2.588Poland E. sp. (33473)
MN 163.2 - 2.588Ukraine (Odessa) E. sp. (168021)
MN 163.2 - 2.588Austria (Lower Austria) E. sp. (167680)
Villanyian3.2 - 2.588Greece E. longissima, E. quatuorlineata (34592)
MN 172.588 - 1.806Poland E. sp., E. longissima (32485)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Greece E. situla, E. longissima (34767)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781China (Anhui) E. sp. (68380)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Poland E. sp., E. longissima (33480)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Germany (Thüringen) E. longissima (43020 45063 45067)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Croatia (Istria) E. sp., E. longissima, E. quatuorlineata (40500)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Georgia E. sp. (56733)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Greece (Crete) E. situla (183122)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Poland (Krakow) E. longissima (48542 48543)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117China (Hebei) E. schrenckii, E. dione (206121)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Poland E. longissima (33874 48550 48552 195226)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (West Virginia) E. sp. (123875) E. vulpina (124319)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) E. sp. (65405)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Poland E. longissima (48545)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Kansas) E. obsoleta (20165 20391) E. vulpina (20422)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Pennsylvania) E. sp., E. vulpina (20354)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) E. sp. (20400)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Maryland) E. vulpina (20302)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (South Dakota) E. vulpina (20389)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Texas) E. guttata (20337)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Oklahoma) E. vulpina (20157)
Middle Pleistocene (glacial)0.781 - 0.126USA (Florida) E. sp. (75974)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Greece (Peloponnesos) E. longissima (200081)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126France (Midi-Pyrenees) E. longissima (195223) E. sp. (195222)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126France (Alpes Maritimes) E. longissima (195237)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126France (Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur) E. longissima (84938)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126United Kingdom E. longissima (195119)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126United Kingdom (West Stow) E. longissima (195118)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (Florida) E. obsoleta, E. guttata (20491)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Kansas) E. obsoleta (76049)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Greece (Peloponnesus) E. quatorlineata (184245)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Greece (Crete) E. longissima (195229) E. situla (182810)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (New Mexico) E. quttata (93139)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Poland E. longissima (33976)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Missouri) E. vulpina (75995)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Poland (Krakow) E. longissima (33979)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) E. obsoleta, E. guttata (76101)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) E. sp. (20650)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Virginia) E. obsoleta (103358) E. sp., E. guttata (82258)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) E. guttata (154922 154936 155346 155347) E. sp. (20638)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117United Kingdom E. longissima (93816)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Kansas) E. obsoleta (20605)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Elaphe indet. (13066)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117France (Haute-Pyrenees) E. longissima (125313)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Alabama) E. sp., E. vulpina, E. guttata (84181)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Poland E. longissima (48554)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Germany (Bayern) E. sp. (52490 52516)