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Sauropterygia

Reptilia - Sauropterygia

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1861Sauropterygia Owen p. 229
1871Sauropterygia Cope p. 235
1875Sauropterygia Cope p. 14
1886Sauropterygia Günther p. 444
1890Sauropterygia Zittel p. 449
1893Microleptosaurus Skuphos
1893Microleptosaurus schlosseri Skuphos
1898Sauropterygia Woodward p. 141
1904Sauropterygia Osborn p. 104
1910Sauropterygii Jaekel p. 334
1928Sauropterygia Nopcsa p. 172
1934Sauropterygia Swinton p. 55
1937Sauropterygia Roxo p. 43
1946Sauropterygia Kuhn p. 59
1954Sauropterygia Huene p. 38
1968Sauropterygia Thurmond p. 1289
1981Sauropterygia Brown p. 339
1981Sauropterygia Carroll p. 337
1981Sauropterygia Thurmond and Jones p. 138
1988Sauropterygia Carroll
1989Sauropterygia Rieppel pp. 53, 54 fig. 13
1989Sauropterygia Sander
1991Sauropterygia Storrs p. 12
2006Sauropterygia Jiang et al.
2008Sauropterygia Druckenmiller and Russell p. 6
2017Sauropterygia Serratos et al.
2017Sauropterygia Smith and Araújo

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
RankNameAuthor
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
orderSauropterygia
orderSauropterygia

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
R. Owen 1861No post-orbital and supra-temporal bones: large temporal and other vacuities between certain cranial bones; a foramen parietale; two antorbital nostrils; teeth simple, in distinct sockets of the preinaxillary, maxillary, and premandibular bones, rarely on the palatine or pterygoid bones ; maxillaries larger than premaxillaries. Limbs natatory; not more than five digits. An episternum and clavicles. A sacrum of one or two vertebrae for the attachment of the pelvic arch in some, numerous cervical vertebne in most. Pleurapophyses with simple heads ; those of the trunk long and bent.