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Sauropterygia

Reptilia - Sauropterygia

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1861Sauropterygia Owen p. 229
1871Sauropterygia Cope p. 235
1875Sauropterygia Cope p. 14
1886Sauropterygia Günther p. 444
1890Sauropterygia Zittel p. 449
1893Microleptosaurus Skuphos
1898Sauropterygia Woodward p. 141
1904Sauropterygia Osborn p. 104
1910Sauropterygii Jaekel p. 334
1928Sauropterygia Nopcsa p. 172
1934Sauropterygia Swinton p. 55
1937Sauropterygia Roxo p. 43
1946Sauropterygia Kuhn p. 59
1954Sauropterygia Huene p. 38
1968Sauropterygia Thurmond p. 1289
1981Sauropterygia Brown p. 339
1981Sauropterygia Carroll p. 337
1981Sauropterygia Thurmond and Jones p. 138
1988Sauropterygia Carroll
1989Sauropterygia Rieppel pp. 53, 54 fig. 13
1989Sauropterygia Sander
1991Sauropterygia Storrs p. 12
2006Sauropterygia Jiang et al.
2008Sauropterygia Druckenmiller and Russell p. 6
2017Sauropterygia Serratos et al.
2017Sauropterygia Smith and Araújo

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
RankNameAuthor
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
orderSauropterygia
orderSauropterygia

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
R. Owen 1861No post-orbital and supra-temporal bones: large temporal and other vacuities between certain cranial bones; a foramen parietale; two antorbital nostrils; teeth simple, in distinct sockets of the preinaxillary, maxillary, and premandibular bones, rarely on the palatine or pterygoid bones ; maxillaries larger than premaxillaries. Limbs natatory; not more than five digits. An episternum and clavicles. A sacrum of one or two vertebrae for the attachment of the pelvic arch in some, numerous cervical vertebne in most. Pleurapophyses with simple heads ; those of the trunk long and bent.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 10:38:36
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:38:36
Source: o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Carroll 1988, Bush and Bambach 2015, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Olenekian to the top of the Late/Upper Maastrichtian or 251.20000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (921 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Smithian - Spathian251.3 - 247.2China (Jiangxi) Hanosaurus hupehensis (98007)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2USA (Wyoming) Corosaurus alcovensis (85941 138080 138081 138082)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2Poland (Upper Silesia) Nothosauria indet. (195612)
Spathian - Olenekian251.3 - 247.2China (Anhui) Majiashanosaurus discocoracoidis (194788)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Volgograd) Nothosauria indet. (27343)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2China (Guangxi) Kwangsisaurus orientalis (97989)
Olenekian - Anisian251.2 - 242.0Israel Placodus sp. (63904)
Aegean - Bithynian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Baden-Württeberg) Cymatosaurus sp. (134506)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Netherlands Cymatosaurus sp., Anarosaurus heterodontus (106538)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany Cymatosaurus erytheus (138071) Nothosaurus hecki (138122) Nothosaurus marchius, Nothosaurus oldenburgi, Nothosaurus procerus, Nothosaurus raabi (138117) Nothosaurus schroederi, Nothosaurus crassus, Omphalosaurus peyeri (138116) Nothosaurus sp., Nothosaurus giganteus, Nothosaurus strunzi (130793) Nothosaurus sp., Placodus gigas (138090) Pistosaurus longaevus, Placodus gigas (138136) Placodus gigas (59960 138134 138135)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Belgium (Liège) Elasmosauridae indet. (143253)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Chile (Biobio) Aristonectes sp. (150921)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Chile (Concepcíon) Cimoliasaurus sp., Pliosaurus sp. (13309)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Chile (Concepción) Aristonectes parvidens (118945)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Ichthyosauria indet. (88034) Plesiosaurus brevifemur (167780)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands (Limburg) Elasmosauridae indet. (67133 142084 143252 143254)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Nunavut) Plesiosauria indet. (118411)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Argentina (Chubut) Aristonectes parvidens (97872)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Chile Elasmosauridae indet., Aristonectinae indet. (157301) Mauisaurus sp., Aristonectinae indet. (91416)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Argentina (Santa Cruz) Elasmosauridae indet. (181059)