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Reptilia -

Sister taxa
Archaeopterodactyloidea, Dsungaripteroidea

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1824Pterodactylus grandis Cuvier
1829Pterodactylus grandis Holl p. 82
1842Pterodactylus grandis Owen p. 156
1858Pterodactylus grandis Buckland p. 218
1859Pterodactylus longipes Münster
1860Pterodactylus grandipelvis Meyer
1861Pterodactylus woodwardi Owen p. 4
1861Pterodactylus grandis Owen p. 274
1865Pterodactylus carteri Seeley
1869Ornithocheirus carteri Seeley
1869Ptenodactylus woodwardi Seeley
1870Pterodactylus validus Owen
1870Ornithocheirus tenuirostris Seeley
1870Ornithocheirus woodwardi Seeley
1870Pterodactylus carteri Seeley
1870Ornithocheirus oxyrhinus Seeley p. 117
1870Ornithocheirus xyphorhynchus Seeley p. 117
1870Ornithocheirus dentatus Seeley p. 119
1870Ornithocheirus scaphorhynchus Seeley p. 119
1870Ornithocheirus crassidens Seeley p. 122
1870Ornithocheirus brachyrhinus Seeley p. 123
1870Ornithocheirus enchorhynchus Seeley p. 123
1870Ornithocheirus eurygnathus Seeley p. 123
1874Pterodactylus sagittirostris Owen p. 3 figs. Pl. II, figs 1-8
1875Doratorhynchus validus Seeley
1878Pterodactylus montanus Marsh p. 233
1878Pterodactylus montanus Williston p. 44
1881Dermodactylus montanus Marsh p. 342
1881Ornithocheirus bunzeli Seeley p. 701
1886Pterodactylus grandipelvis Winkler p. 200
1890Pterodactylus grandipelvis Zittel p. 792
1890Pterodactylus longipes Zittel p. 792
1890Dermodactylus montanus Zittel p. 798
1890Doratorhynchus validus Zittel p. 798
1892Pterodactylus grandis Lortet p. 132
1900Doratorhynchus validum Van Den Broeck p. 106
1900Pterodactylus sagittirostris Van Den Broeck p. 106
1901Pterodactyloidea Plieninger
1902Dermodactylus montanus Hay p. 507
1937Pterodactyloidea Roxo p. 44
1946Pterodactyloidea Kuhn p. 67
1954Pterodactyloidea Huene p. 56
1958Pterodactyloidea Delair p. 69
1958Doratorhynchus validus Delair p. 71
1964Pterodactyloidea Young p. 251
1966Pterodactyloidea Kuhn p. 109
1970Doratorhynchus validus Macfadyen p. 143
1971Araripesaurus castilhoi Price p. 454
1977Araripedactylus Wellnhofer
1977Araripedactylus dehmi Wellnhofer p. 160
1981Dermodactylus montanus Galton p. 1120
1985Santanadactylus pricei Wellnhofer p. 132 figs. 19-24
1988Araripedactylus Carroll
1988Pterodactyloidea Carroll
1991Pterodactyloidea Sereno p. 19
2001Lonchodectes sagittirostris Unwin pp. 209-210
2002Pterodactyloidea Kellner and Campos p. 389
2003Lonchodectes sagittirostris Unwin p. 145
2003Pterodactyloidea Unwin p. 158
2005Pterodactyloidea Osi et al.
2006Pterodactyloidea Andres and Ji p. 70
2006Dermodactylus montanus Chure et al. p. 236
2006Pterodactyloidea Chure et al. p. 236
2006Pterodactyloidea Wang and Zhou p. 406
2010Pterodactyloidea Andres et al. fig. 7
2012Pterodactyloidea Pereda-Suberbiola et al.
2013Pterodactyloidea Andres and Myers
2013Pterodactyloidea Martill et al.
2013Pterodactyloidea Naish et al.
2013Osteornis Rodrigues and Kellner
2013Pterodactyloidea Rodrigues and Kellner p. 3
2014Pterodactyloidea Andres et al.
2014Pterodactyloidea Bantim et al.
2014Pterodactyloidea Headden and Campos
2014Pterodactyloidea Jiang et al. p. 823
2014Pterodactyloidea Vidovic and Martill
2016Pterodactyloidea Pegas et al.
2017Pterodactyloidea Zhou et al.
2019Pterodactyloidea Holgado et al.
2019Pterodactyloidea Kellner et al.
2019Pterodactyloidea Zhou et al.
2020Pterodactyloidea Pegas et al.

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
PterosauromorphaPadian 1997
Pterosauria(Kaup 1834)
suborderPterodactyloideaPlieninger 1901
suborderPterodactyloideaPlieninger 1901

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

D. M. Unwin 2003Pteranodon longiceps, Quetzalcoatlus northropi, their most recent common ancester and all descendants
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 544 kgs
Minimum body mass: 259 kgs
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: volanto
Diet: piscivoreo
Created: 2009-01-04 11:38:30
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:39:23
Source: s = species, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Padian 1985, Witton 2008, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Late/Upper Bathonian to the top of the Late/Upper Maastrichtian or 167.70000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (360 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Pterodactylidae indet. (57124)
Middle Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Gnathosaurus sp. (59357)
Late/Upper Bathonian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian167.7 - 150.8China (Liaoning) Archaeoistiodactylus linglongtaensis (92421)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2China (Nei Mongol) Pterosauria indet. (27891)
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3China (Xinjiang) Kryptodrakon progenitor (93870)
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3China (Liaoning) Liaodactylus primus (156015)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France (Basse-Normandie) Pterodactyloidea indet. (74916)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) Pterodactylus grandis (92110)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Germany Ornithocheiroidea indet. (117200) Pterodactylus meyeri (131961)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1France (Ain) Pterodactyloidea indet. (92111)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Romania (Alba) Eurazhdarcho langendorfensis (138892) Hatzegopteryx sp. (97813)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Titanopteryx sp. (78124)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Romania (Hunedoara) Azhdarchidae indet. (193773) Hatzegopteryx thambema (89991)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Spain (Valencia) Azhdarchidae indet. (47035)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Quetzalcoatlus sp. (60169)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) Pterosauria indet. (48866)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Morocco (Khouribga) Azhdarchidae indet. (193775) Azhdarchidae indet., Phosphatodraco mauritanicus, Tethydraco regalis, Alcione elainus, Simurghia robusta, Barbaridactylus grandis (193774)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Morocco (Chaouia-Ouardigha) Phosphatodraco mauritanicus (92203)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Australia (Western Australia) Azhdarchidae indet. (92270)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Texas) Pterosauria indet. (92249 92251) Quetzalcoatlus sp. (92247)