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Compsognathidae (compsognathid)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Compsognathidae

Taxonomy
Compsognathidae was named by Cope (1871). Its type is Compsognathus. It was considered monophyletic by Gishlick and Gauthier (2007).

It was synonymized subjectively with Coeluridae by Romer (1956), Romer (1966), Steel (1970) and Casamiquela (1975).

It was assigned to Symphypoda by Cope (1871) and Cope (1875); to Compsognatha by Dollo (1884); to Megalosauria by Baur (1891); to Compsognatha by Sauvage (1882), Vetter (1884), Marsh (1884), Marsh (1884), Marsh (1885), Marsh (1895) and Marsh (1896); to Saurischia by Arldt (1909) and Huene (1909); to Plateosauria by Tornier (1913); to Coelurosauroidea by Nopcsa (1928); to Coelurosauria by Kuhn (1946); to Coeluria by Kuhn (1966); to Coeluroidea by Tatarinov (1964) and Maleev (1968); to Coelurosauria by Roxo (1937) and Bonaparte (1980); to Theropoda by Zittel (1890), Mansel-Pleydell (1902), McIntosh (1981) and Thulborn (1984); to Compsognathia by Paul (1988); to Theropoda by Lydekker (1888), von Zittel (1911), Bidar et al. (1972), Ostrom (1978) and Carroll (1988); to Maniraptoriformes by Peyer (2004); to Maniraptora by Holtz (2000) and Hwang et al. (2004); to Coelurosauria by Huene (1914), Huene (1914), Huene (1914), Huene (1914), Matthew (1915), Huene (1920), Nopcsa (1923), Lull (1924), Huene (1926), Huene (1929), Huene (1933), Stromer (1934), Huene (1948), Huene (1959), Ostrom (1980), Barsbold (1983), Zinke (1998), Sereno (1999), Currie and Chen (2001), Holtz et al. (2004), Naish et al. (2004) and Peyer (2006); and to Coelurosauria by Holtz (1998), Göhlich et al. (2006), Gishlick and Gauthier (2007), Rauhut et al. (2010) and Hendrickx and Mateus (2014).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1871Compsognathidae Cope p. 234
1875Compsognathidae Cope p. 13
1882Compsognathidae Sauvage p. 36
1884Compsognathidae Dollo p. 298
1884Compsognathidae Marsh p. 69
1884Compsognathidae Vetter p. 363
1885Compsognathidae Marsh p. 765
1888Compsognathidae Lydekker p. 156
1890Compsognathidae Zittel p. 733
1891Compsognathidae Baur p. 450
1895Compsognathidae Marsh
1896Compsognathidae Marsh p. 240
1902Compsognathidae Mansel-Pleydell p. lxxv
1909Compsognathidae Arldt p. 261
1909Compsognathidae Huene p. 15
1911Compsognathidae von Zittel p. 282
1913Compsognathidae Tornier p. 368
1914Compsognathidae Huene p. 37
1915Compsognathidae Matthew p. 32
1920Compsognathidae Huene p. 162
1923Compsognathidae Nopcsa p. 125
1924Compsognathidae Lull p. 232
1926Compsognathidae Huene p. 98
1928Compsognathidae Nopcsa p. 183
1929Compsognathidae Huene p. 270
1933Compsognathidae Huene p. 59
1934Compsognathidae Stromer p. 80
1937Compsognathidae Roxo p. 65
1946Compsognathidae Kuhn p. 65
1948Compsognathidae Huene p. 89
1959Compsognathidae Huene p. 121
1964Compsognathidae Tatarinov p. 531
1966Compsognathidae Kuhn p. 93
1968Compsognathidae Maleev p. 95
1972Compsognathidae Bidar et al.
1978Compsognathidae Ostrom p. 75
1980Compsognathidae Bonaparte p. 82
1980Compsognathidae Ostrom p. 21
1981Compsognathidae McIntosh p. 9
1983Compsognathidae Barsbold p. 86
1984Compsognathidae Thulborn p. 132
1988Compsognathidae Carroll
1988Compsognathidae Paul p. 297
1998Compsognathidae Holtz, Jr. p. 40
1998Compsognathidae Zinke p. 181
1999Compsognathidae Sereno p. 2139 fig. 2
2000Compsognathidae Holtz, Jr. p. 13 fig. 5
2001Compsognathidae Currie and Chen
2004Compsognathidae Holtz, Jr. et al. p. 76
2004Compsognathidae Hwang et al. p. 28 fig. 12
2004Compsognathidae Naish et al. p. 4
2004Compsognathidae Peyer p. 101A
2006Compsognathidae Göhlich et al. p. 7
2006Compsognathidae Peyer p. 880
2007Compsognathidae Gishlick and Gauthier p. 579
2010Compsognathidae Rauhut et al. pp. 183-184 fig. 23
2014Compsognathidae Hendrickx and Mateus

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
familyCompsognathidae
familyCompsognathidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
K. A. v. Zittel 1890Wirbel und Extremitätenknochen hohl. Halswirbel vorne schwach convex, hinten leicht ausgehöhlt; die übrigen Wirbel platycöl. Schädel vogelartig, langgestreckt : Zwischenkiefer, Ober- und Unterkiefer mit spitzen, etwas gekrümmten conischen Zähnen besetzt. Vorderbeine nur halb so lang als Hinterbeine. Hals lang, biegsam, mit stabförmigen Halsrippen. Schambeine kräftig, distal verschmolzen, nach vorn und innen geivendet, länger als die schlanken Sitzbeine. Femur kürzer als Tibia. Astragalus mit langem aufsteigendem Fortsatz, dem distalen Ende der Tibia dicht anliegend. Hand und Fuss mit drei funetionirenden Zehen, die übrigen rudimentär.
R. S. Lull 1924But two and a half feet long; neck long; pubis strong, longer than slender ischium; femur shorter than tibia; astragalus bearing long ascending process in close contact with tibia; metatarsals long and slender; both hands and feet possessing but three functional digits.
B. F. Nopcsa 1928pubes short with hammer-shapeddistal end; caudals moderately elongated; hallux opposable; bipedal animals
F. v. Huene 194810 cervicals, 13 dorsals, 5 sacrals; manus with functioning 3 fingers; three medial toes longest; pubis with shoe-like process at distal end. Jurassic.
A. D. Gishlick and J. A. Gauthier 2007All tetanuran theropods stemming from the first ancestor possessing an enlarged thumb with metacarpal I novelties homologous to those in Compsognathus longipes Wagner, 1861 (BSP 1563), including the following (Fig. 12): metacarpal I very short (MII/MI < 35% (26% in Compsognathus; 35% in Sinosauropteryx prima), with discrete extensor tubercle directed proximo-radially (ratio 1.8–1.4 proximally to radially), and barely asymmetrical distal condyles (< 5° offset ulnar to radial condyles).
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Maximum body mass: 30 kgg
Minimum body mass: 300 gg
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:39:15
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:39:15
Source: g = genus, subo = suborder, o = order
References: Benton 1983, Peczkis 1995, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Late/Upper Kimmeridgian to the top of the Turonian or 155.70000 to 89.80000 Ma

Collections (16 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Oxfordian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian161.2 - 150.8USA (Wyoming) Ornitholestes sp. (126540)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) Compsognathus longipes (92110)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Portugal (Leiria) Compsognathus sp. (24563)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Ornitholestes hermanni (12816 22648)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Early/Lower Tithonian155.7 - 145.0USA (Colorado) Ornitholestes sp. (45975)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Germany (Bayern) Compsognathus longipes (57682)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) Compsognathus corallestris (35262)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4Spain (Castilla y Leon) Compsognathidae indet. (89272)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Huaxiagnathus orientalis (55425)
Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian129.4 - 122.46United Kingdom (England) Poikilopleuron pusillus (92917)
Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian129.4 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Sinocalliopteryx gigas (79488)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Thailand (Khon Kaen) Coelurosauria indet. (35974)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Brazil (Pernambuco) Compsognathidae indet. (28050)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Italy (Campania) Theropoda indet. (68888)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8Argentina (Chubut) Coelurosauria indet. (70674)