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Compsognathus (elegant jaw)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Compsognathidae

Taxonomy
Compsognathus was named by Wagner (1861). It is the type genus of Compsognathidae, Compsognathinae.

It was assigned to Sauria by Quenstedt (1867); to Symphypoda by Cope (1867), Cope (1869) and Cope (1869); to Compsognatha by Huxley (1870); to Ornithoscelida by Williston (1878); to Symphypoda by Cope (1870) and Seeley (1879); to Goniopoda by Cope (1887); to Podokesauridae by Lull (1915); to Theropoda by Gadow (1897) and Joleaud (1922); to Coeluridae by Romer (1956), Romer (1966), Swinton (1970), Steel (1970) and Casamiquela (1975); to Coelurosauria by Benton (1979); to Theropoda by Gauthier et al. (1989); to Maniraptora by Osmolska (1990); to Avipoda by Novas (1992); to Coelurosauria by Gauthier and Padian (1985), Holtz (1994), Holtz (1995) and Holtz (1996); to Tetanurae by Sereno (1997); to Compsognathinae by Nopcsa (1928) and Rauhut (2003); to Coelurosauria by Carrano et al. (2012); and to Compsognathidae by Cope (1871), Cope (1875), Sauvage (1882), Marsh (1882), Vetter (1884), Dollo (1884), Marsh (1884), Marsh (1884), Marsh (1885), Lydekker (1888), Zittel (1890), Marsh (1896), Mansel-Pleydell (1902), Huene (1909), von Zittel (1911), Tornier (1913), Huene (1914), Huene (1914), Huene (1920), Matthew and Brown (1922), Lull (1924), Huene (1926), Stromer (1934), Tatarinov (1964), Bidar et al. (1972), Ostrom (1978), McIntosh (1981), Thulborn (1984), Welles (1984), Paul (1988), Carroll (1988), Zinke (1998), Holtz et al. (2004), Peyer (2004), Hwang et al. (2004), Göhlich et al. (2006), Peyer (2006), Gishlick and Gauthier (2007), Naish and Martill (2007), Ji et al. (2007), Rauhut et al. (2010), Gianechini et al. (2011) and Hendrickx and Mateus (2014).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1861Compsognathus Wagner p. 94
1867Compsognathus Cope p. 234
1867Compsognathus Quenstedt pp. 150-151
1869Compsognathus Cope p. 117
1870Compsognathus Cope p. 120
1870Compsognathus Huxley p. 35
1871Compsognathus Cope p. 234
1875Compsognathus Cope p. 13
1878Compsognathus Williston p. 45
1879Compsognathus Seeley p. 183
1882Compsognathus Marsh
1882Compsognathus Sauvage p. 36
1884Compsognathus Dollo p. 298
1884Compsognathus Marsh p. 69
1884Compsognathus Vetter p. 363
1885Compsognathus Marsh p. 765
1887Compsognathus Cope p. 221
1888Compsognathus Lydekker p. 156
1890Compsognathus Zittel p. 734
1896Compsognathus Marsh p. 240
1897Compsognathus Gadow p. 204
1902Compsognathus Mansel-Pleydell p. lxxix
1909Compsognathus Huene p. 15
1911Compsognathus von Zittel p. 282
1913Compsognathus Tornier p. 368
1914Compsognathus Huene p. 34
1915Compsognathus Lull p. 155
1920Compsognathus Huene p. 162
1922Compsognathus Joleaud p. 60
1922Compsognathus Matthew and Brown pp. 372-373
1924Compsognathus Lull p. 232
1926Compsognathus Huene p. 82
1928Compsognathus Nopcsa p. 183
1934Compsognathus Stromer p. 80
1956Compsognathus Romer p. 612
1964Compsognathus Tatarinov p. 531
1966Compsognathus Romer p. 369
1970Compsognathus Steel p. 15
1970Compsognathus Swinton p. 124
1972Compsognathus Bidar et al.
1975Compsognathus Casamiquela p. 97
1978Compsognathus Ostrom p. 75
1979Compsognathus Benton p. 142
1981Compsognathus McIntosh p. 9
1984Compsognathus Thulborn p. 132
1984Compsognathus Welles p. 177
1985Compsognathus Gauthier and Padian p. 190
1988Compsognathus Carroll
1988Compsognathus Paul p. 297
1989Compsognathus Gauthier et al. p. 347
1990Compsognathus Osmolska p. 149
1992Compsognathus Novas p. 144
1994Compsognathus Holtz, Jr.
1995Compsognathus Holtz, Jr. p. 35A
1996Compsognathus Holtz, Jr. p. 42A
1997Compsognathus Sereno p. 456
1998Compsognathus Zinke p. 181
2003Compsognathus Rauhut p. 151
2004Compsognathus Holtz, Jr. et al. p. 76
2004Compsognathus Hwang et al. p. 28 fig. 12
2004Compsognathus Peyer p. 101A
2006Compsognathus Göhlich et al. p. 7
2006Compsognathus Peyer p. 880
2007Compsognathus Gishlick and Gauthier p. 579
2007Compsognathus Ji et al. p. 13
2007Compsognathus Naish and Martill p. 504
2010Compsognathus Rauhut et al. pp. 183-184 fig. 23
2011Compsognathus Gianechini et al. p. 285
2012Compsognathus Carrano et al. p. 248 fig. 7
2014Compsognathus Hendrickx and Mateus

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
familyCompsognathidae
genusCompsognathus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
humerus diameter29.067.4011.19.252.62
tibia diameter19.80----

Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Maximum body mass: 1 kgg
Minimum body mass: 300 gg
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialg
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingg
Diet: carnivoreg
Diet 2: insectivoreg
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2005-08-24 13:22:41
Modified: 2005-12-28 16:59:24
Source: g = genus, o = order
References: Marsh 1875, Peczkis 1995

Age range: base of the Kimmeridgian to the top of the Early/Lower Tithonian or 157.30000 to 145.00000 Ma

Collections (3 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Portugal (Leiria) Compsognathus sp. (24563)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Germany (Bayern) Compsognathus longipes (57682)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) Compsognathus corallestris (35262)