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Ornithomimidae (ornithomimid)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Ornithomimidae

Taxonomy
Ornithomimidae was named by Marsh (1890). It was considered monophyletic by Currie (2000).

It was assigned to Ornithopoda by Cannon (1890) and Marsh (1890); to Ornithopoda by Zittel (1890); to Iguanodontia by Baur (1891); to Ceratosauria by Marsh (1895) and Marsh (1896); to Goniopoda by Matthew and Brown (1922); to Dinosauria by Rapp (1944); to Coelurosauria by Kuhn (1946) and Parsch (1963); to Coeluroidea by Tatarinov (1964) and Maleev (1968); to Coelurosauria by Huene (1929), Roxo (1937), Romer (1966), Reig (1970), Bonaparte (1978), Baird and Horner (1979) and Bonaparte (1980); to Theropoda by Hay (1902), Lambe (1905), Matthew (1915), Miller (1967), Russell (1972), Langston (1974), Coulton (1976), McIntosh (1981) and Thulborn (1984); to Dinoaves by Bakker (1986); to Protoavia by Paul (1988); to Theropoda by Marsh (1892), Russell (1930) and Carroll (1988); to Coelurosauria by Huene (1920), Huene (1923), Lull (1924), Huene (1926), Huene (1927), Parks (1928), Huene (1929), Huene (1933), Stromer (1934), Huene (1948), Romer (1956), Estes (1964), Colbert (1964), Colbert and Russell (1969), Steel (1970), Swinton (1970), Osmólska et al. (1972), Ostrom (1980), Santafé et al. (1982) and Dong (1992); to Oviraptorosauria by Russell and Dong (1994); to Bullatosauria by Holtz and Padian (1995); to Coelurosauria by Gauthier and Padian (1985), Gauthier (1986), Gauthier et al. (1989), Novas (1992), Sereno et al. (1994), Currie (1995) and Sereno (1997); to Ornithomimoidea by Sereno (1999); to Theropoda by Parks (1935) and Eberth et al. (2001); to Ornithomimosauria by Barsbold (1976), Barsbold (1977), Barsbold (1981), Barsbold (1983), Russell (1984), Barsbold (1988), Chatterjee (1993), Sereno (1998), Holtz (1998), Holtz (2000), Currie (2000), Rauhut (2003), Kobayashi and Barsbold (2003), Makovicky et al. (2004), Kobayashi and Barsbold (2005), Kobayashi and Barsbold (2006), Makovicky et al. (2009), Buffetaut et al. (2009) and Xu et al. (2011); and to Ornithomimosauria by Currie (1997), Hutchinson and Padian (1997), McFeeters et al. (2016) and Claessens and Loewen (2016).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1890Ornithomimidae Cannon p. 253
1890Ornithomimidae Marsh p. 85
1890Ornithomimidae Zittel p. 766
1891Ornithomimidae Baur p. 450
1892Ornithomimidae Marsh
1895Ornithomimidae Marsh
1896Ornithomimidae Marsh p. 240
1902Ornithomimidae Hay p. 494
1905Ornithomimidae Lambe p. 48
1915Ornithomimidae Matthew p. 32
1920Ornithomimidae Huene p. 162
1922Ornithomimidae Matthew and Brown p. 378
1923Ornithomimidae Huene p. 456 fig. 3
1924Ornithomimidae Lull p. 232
1926Ornithomimidae Huene p. 98
1927Ornithomimidae Huene p. 256
1928Ornithomimidae Parks p. 3
1929Ornithomimidae Huene p. 155
1930Ornithomimidae Russell p. 136
1933Ornithomimidae Huene p. 64
1934Ornithomimidae Stromer p. 80
1935Ornithomimidae Parks p. 195
1937Ornithomimidae Roxo p. 65
1944Ornithomimidae Rapp p. 287
1946Ornithomimidae Kuhn p. 65
1948Ornithomimidae Huene p. 89
1956Ornithomimidae Romer p. 612
1963Ornithomimidae Parsch p. 4
1964Ornithomimidae Colbert p. 21 fig. 6
1964Ornithomimidae Estes p. 143
1964Ornithomimidae Tatarinov p. 533
1966Ornithomimidae Romer p. 369
1967Ornithomimidae Miller p. 232
1968Ornithomomidae Maleev p. 95
1969Ornithomimidae Colbert and Russell p. 45
1969Deinocheiridae Kielan-Jaworowska p. 37
1970Deinocheiridae Osmólska and Roniewicz p. 7
1970Ornithomimidae Reig p. 279
1970Ornithomimidae Steel p. 17
1970Ornithomimidae Swinton p. 131
1972Ornithomimidae Osmólska et al. p. 105
1972Ornithomimidae Russell p. 377
1974Ornithomimidae Langston p. 82
1976Ornithomimidae Barsbold p. 74
1976Deinocheiridae Barsbold p. 75
1976Ornithomimidae Coulton p. 177
1977Deinocheiridae Barsbold p. 50
1977Ornithomimidae Barsbold p. 50
1977Deinocheiridae Rozhdestvensky p. 111
1978Ornithomimidae Bonaparte p. 321–322
1979Ornithomimidae Baird and Horner p. 9
1980Ornithomimidae Bonaparte p. 82
1980Ornithomimidae Ostrom p. 21
1981Ornithomimidae Barsbold
1981Ornithomimidae McIntosh p. 11
1982Ornithomimidae Santafé et al. p. 82
1983Ornithomimidae Barsbold p. 97
1983Deinocheiridae Barsbold p. 100
1984Ornithomimidae Russell p. 28
1984Ornithomimidae Thulborn p. 132
1985Ornithomimidae Gauthier and Padian p. 190 fig. 2
1986Ornithomimidae Bakker p. 460
1986Ornithomimidae Gauthier p. 55 fig. 9
1988Ornithomimidae Barsbold p. 124
1988Deinocheiridae Carroll
1988Ornithomimidae Carroll
1988Ornithomimidae Paul p. 382
1989Ornithomimidae Gauthier et al. p. 348
1992Ornithomimidae Dong p. 164
1992Ornithomimidae Novas p. 147
1993Ornithomimidae Chatterjee p. 282
1994Ornithomimidae Russell and Dong p. 2125
1994Ornithomimidae Sereno et al. p. 270
1995Ornithomimidae Currie p. 25A
1995Ornithomimidae Holtz, Jr. and Padian p. 35A
1997Ornithomimidae Currie p. 733
1997Ornithomimidae Hutchinson and Padian p. 129
1997Ornithomimidae Sereno p. 457
1998Ornithomimidae Holtz, Jr. p. 40
1998Ornithomimidae Sereno p. 65
1999Ornithomimidae Sereno p. 2139 fig. 2
2000Ornithomimidae Currie p. 445
2000Ornithomimidae Holtz, Jr. p. 13 fig. 5
2001Ornithomimidae Eberth et al. p. 56
2003Ornithomimidae Kobayashi and Barsbold p. 68A
2003Ornithomimidae Rauhut p. 38
2004Ornithomimidae Makovicky et al. p. 138
2005Ornithomimidae Kobayashi and Barsbold p. 119 fig. 6.11
2006Ornithomimidae Kobayashi and Barsbold p. 203
2009Ornithomimidae Buffetaut et al. pp. 238-239
2009Ornithomimidae Makovicky et al.
2011Ornithomimidae Xu et al. p. 220 fig. 9
2016Ornithomimidae Claessens and Loewen p. 1
2016Ornithomimidae McFeeters et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptoriformes
Arctometatarsalia
infraorderOrnithomimosauria
familyOrnithomimidae
familyOrnithomimidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
K. A. v. Zittel 1890Schädel unbekannt. Vorderbeine kurz. Hand dreizehig. Hinterbeine sehr lang. Astragalus mit langem, aufsteigendem Fortsatz. Von den drei funktionirenden Metatarsalia ist das mittlere (III) proximal verschmälert und durch die verdickten Gelenkenden der beiden anderen ganz nach hinten gedrängt.
R. S. Lull 1924The relatively small skull, with its large orbit, borne upon very long, slender cervicals, is one of the most characteristic features of this group. Limbs long and slender, with specialized manus, bearing three digits, the elongated claws of which are not strongly curved; pubic bones possessing foot-like symphysis, ischia being curbed; tibia longer than femur; metatarsals elongated and closely appressed, but remainder of foot of moderate size, with short, rather straight unguals; tail long, with distal caudals interlocked by prolonged zygapophyses.
F. v. Huene 1948Strong, pointed teeth or toothless; large preorbit; 10 cervicals, 13 dorsals, 5 sacrals; manus with 3 long fingers; pubis a little shorter than femur, with shoe-like process; tibia a little shorter than femur; astragalus with high ascending process; 3 middle toes long, bird-like, I missing, V rudimentary. Cretaceous.
H. Osmólska and E. Roniewicz 1970 (Deinocheiridae)Gigantic carnivorous dinosaur with long, slender scapula and long fore limbs; manus with three, uniformly developed fingers, ending in strong, large claws.
R. Barsbold 1981Progressive ornithomimosaurs with elongated ilia (longer than the
pubis) and metatarsus, proximally highly compressed third metatarsal element and without the first toe (pollex). Pleurocoels are present.