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Spinosauridae

Reptilia - Spinosauridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1915Spinosauridae Stromer p. 28
1923Spinosauridae Nopcsa p. 126
1924Spinosauridae Lull p. 231
1926Spinosauridae Huene p. 89
1927Spinosauridae Huene p. 266
1934Spinosauridae Stromer p. 23
1937Spinosauridae Roxo p. 65
1946Spinosauridae Kuhn p. 65
1948Spinosauridae Huene p. 90
1964Spinosauridae Tatarinov p. 538
1964Spinosauridae Walker p. 128
1966Spinosauridae Romer p. 369
1968Spinosauridae Maleev p. 95
1969Spinosauridae Colbert and Russell p. 45
1970Spinosauridae Steel p. 38
1975Sinopliosaurus fusuiensis Hou et al. pp. 13-14 fig. 3
1978Spinosauridae Bonaparte p. 323
1980Spinosauridae Bonaparte p. 82
1983Spinosauridae Barsbold p. 60
1986Siamosaurus Buffetaut and Ingavat p. 217 fig. 1
1986Siamosaurus suteethorni Buffetaut and Ingavat p. 217 fig. 1
1988Spinosauridae Carroll
1988Spinosauridae Paul p. 271
1989Spinosauridae Kurzanov p. 3
1993Siamosaurus suteethorni Buffetaut et al. p. 55
1994Spinosauridae Sereno et al. p. 268 fig. 3
1995Siamosaurus suteethorni Buffetaut et al. p. 159
1995Siamosaurus suteethorni Nessov p. 44
1996Spinosauridae Holtz, Jr. p. 42A
1996Irritatoridae Martill et al.
1996Spinosauridae Sereno et al. p. 989 fig. 4
1997Siamosaurus suteehorni Buffetaut p. 690
1997Siamosaurus suteethorni Buffetaut et al. p. 183
1997Spinosauridae Milner p. 699
1997Spinosauridae Sereno p. 456
1998Siamosaurus suteethorni Buffetaut p. 92
1998Spinosauridae Sereno p. 64
1998Spinosauridae Sereno et al. p. 1302
1999Siamosaurus Buffetaut and Suteethorn
1999Siamosaurus suteethorni Buffetaut and Suteethorn p. 17
1999Spinosauridae Sereno p. 2138 fig. 2
2000Spinosauridae Holtz, Jr. p. 13 fig. 5
2002Spinosauridae Sues et al. p. 537
2003Siamosaurus Hasegawa et al. p. 2
2003Siamosaurus suteethorni Hasegawa et al. p. 2
2004Spinosauridae Holtz, Jr. et al. p. 72
2005Spinosauridae Dal Sasso et al. p. 888
2005Spinosauridae Yates p. 118 fig. 9
2006Spinosauridae Medeiros p. 335
2007Siamosaurus suteethorni Buffetaut
2007Siamosaurus Buffetaut et al. p. 342
2007Siamosaurus suteethorni Buffetaut et al. p. 342
2007Siamosaurus suteethorni Lauprasert et al. p. 202
2007Spinosauridae Sánchez-Hernández et al. p. 189
2008Siamosaurus suteethorni Buffetaut et al. p. 745
2008Siamosaurus Buffetaut et al. p. 747
2008Siamosaurus suteethorni Canudo et al. p. 660
2008Spinosauridae Sadleir et al. p. 70
2009Siamosaurus Buffetaut et al. p. 230
2012Spinosauridae Allain et al. p. 370
2012Spinosauridae Carrano et al. p. 248 fig. 7
2014Spinosauridae Hendrickx and Mateus
2014Siamosaurus Mo et al. p. 6
2014Siamosaurus Mo et al. p. 1057
2014Siamosaurus suteethorni Mo et al. p. 1057

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
Orionides
superfamilyMegalosauroidea()
familySpinosauridae
familySpinosauridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
R. S. Lull 1924Teeth straight, conical, pointed; posterior neural spines strikingly high, reminding one of those of Dimetrodon
F. v. Huene 194812 m long. Dorsal vertebrae with elongated neural spines. Lower Cenomanian of Egypt.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Maximum body mass: 3000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 1000 kgg
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoreo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2004-12-14 12:50:08
Modified: 2004-12-14 14:50:08
Source: g = genus, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Peczkis 1995, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Early/Lower Tithonian to the top of the Middle Campanian or 150.80000 to 70.60000 Ma

Collections (98 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Colorado) Torvosaurus tanneri (25141)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Tanzania (Lindi) Ostafrikasaurus crassiserratus, Labrosaurus stechowi (47155)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0France (Poitou-Charentes) Spinosauridae indet. (164377)
Early/Lower Berriasian - Early/Lower Valanginian145.0 - 136.4United Kingdom (England) Baryonyx walkeri (45195)
Berriasian - Valanginian145.0 - 132.9Brazil (Sergipe) Spinosauridae indet. (187200)
Neocomian - Barremian145.0 - 125.0Spain (Aragón) Suchosaurus cultridens (61317)
Berriasian - Aptian145.0 - 113.0Spain (Castilla y Leon) Baryonyx sp. (89271)
Late/Upper Berriasian - Aptian145.0 - 113.0Spain (Castilla y Leon) Baryonyx sp. (89274)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5China (Guangxi) Sinopliosaurus fusuiensis (24901) Spinosauridae indet. (177533)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Kenya Spinosaurus sp. (135809)
Late/Upper Valanginian140.2 - 136.4United Kingdom (England) Baryonyx sp. (96621)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9United Kingdom (England) Suchosaurus sp. (58094)
Valanginian - Late/Upper Barremian139.8 - 125.45Spain (Castilla y Leon) Baryonyx sp. (68464)
Late/Upper Hauterivian - Early/Lower Barremian136.4 - 125.45Spain (Castilla y Leon) Baryonyx sp. (89277)
Late/Upper Hauterivian - Early/Lower Barremian136.4 - 125.45Spain (Teruel) Baryonychidae indet. (84212) Baryonychinae indet. (84213)
Late/Upper Hauterivian - Early/Lower Barremian136.4 - 125.45Japan (Gunma) Spinosauridae indet. (97938)
Late/Upper Hauterivian - Early/Lower Barremian136.4 - 125.45Spain (Castellón) Baryonychinae indet. (169278)
Late/Upper Hauterivian - Early/Lower Barremian136.4 - 125.45United Kingdom (England) Baryonychidae indet. (53888) Megalosaurus dunkeri (53886)
Late/Upper Hauterivian - Early/Lower Barremian136.4 - 125.45Spain (Aragón) Baryonychinae indet. (53921)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0Spain (Burgos) Baryonyx sp. (131492)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0Libya (Ghadamis) Baryonyx sp. (110504)
Early/Lower Barremian130.0 - 125.45Portugal (Setubal) Suchosaurus sp. (49255)
Early/Lower Barremian130.0 - 125.45Spain (Aragon) Spinosaurinae indet. (59075)
Early/Lower Barremian130.0 - 125.45Spain (Aragón) Baryonychinae indet. (59080 89275 96073) Spinosaurinae indet. (36368)
Early/Lower Barremian130.0 - 125.45United Kingdom (England) Baryonyx walkeri (45193)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46Spain (Aragón) Baryonychidae indet. (28196)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46United Kingdom (England) Baryonyx walkeri (45194)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46Spain (Castilla y Leon) Baryonychidae indet. (68471) Spinosauridae indet. (51034)
Late/Upper Barremian - Aptian130.0 - 113.0Japan (Gunma) Siamosaurus sp. (87522)
Late/Upper Barremian - Aptian130.0 - 113.0Spain (Castilla y Leon) Baryonyx sp. (89283)
Late/Upper Barremian - Aptian130.0 - 113.0Spain (La Rioja) Baryonyx walkeri (89278)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Spain (La Rioja) Baryonyx sp. (170037)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Thailand (Khon Kaen) Siamosaurus sp. (35973) Siamosaurus suteethorni (36082) Theropoda indet. (35974)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Thailand (Sakhan Nakhan) Siamosaurus suteethorni (79489)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Thailand (Kalasin) Siamosaurus sp. (84443) Siamosaurus suteethorni (36150) Theropoda indet. (36144)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46Spain (Valenciana) Baryonychidae indet. (61375) Baryonychinae indet. (61325 61326 61327) Spinosauridae indet. (89291 89293) Suchosaurus cultridens (61324)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46Spain (Castellón) Baryonychinae indet. (169162)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Niger (Agadez) Spinosauridae indet. (37200)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0China (Guangxi) Sinopliosaurus fusuiensis (154687) Spinosauridae indet. (154688)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Laos (Savannakhet) Ichthyovenator laosensis (131833)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Niger Suchomimus tenerensis (60029 133668)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Cameroon (Nord) Spinosaurus sp., Spinosauridae indet. (38918)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Thailand (Ubon Ratchathani) Spinosauridae indet. (52346)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Thailand (Khon Kaen) Spinosauridae indet. (92261 93887)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0Tunisia (Tataouine) Spinosauridae indet. (125935 163915)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Brazil (Ceará) Angaturama limai (51693) Irritator challengeri (28052)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9Morocco (Er Rachidia) Spinosaurus marrocanus (52887)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Brazil (Ceará) Theropoda indet. (67712)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Tunisia (Médenine) Spinosaurus sp. (67203)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Tunisia (Tataouine) Spinosauridae indet. (32322)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5Morocco Spinosaurus aegyptiacus (13274)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5Brazil (Maranhão) Spinosauridae indet., Spinosaurus sp., Spinosaurinae indet. (56365)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Niger (Agadez) Spinosauridae indet. (58577)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Morocco (Er Rachidia) Spinosauridae indet. (90078) Spinosaurus sp. (115155)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8China (Henan) Spinosauridae indet. (117983)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Er Rachida) Spinosaurus aegyptiacus (25325)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Egypt (Matruh) Spinosaurus aegyptiacus (25127 49330)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Er Rachidia) Spinosauridae indet. (141307) Spinosaurus aegyptiacus (58519 60002)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Meknès-Tafilalet) Spinosauridae indet. (163919 163920 163921 163922 163923) Spinosaurus sp. (144705 155212 163916 163917 163918)
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Argentina (Río Negro) Spinosauridae indet. (61237)
Middle Santonian85.8 - 83.5China (Henan) Baryonychinae indet. (97943)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6Egypt (Al Wadi al Jadid) Spinosaurus sp. (54083 97761)