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Diplodocidae (diplodocid)

Reptilia - Diplodocidae

Taxonomy
Diplodocidae was named by Marsh (1884). Its type is Diplodocus.

It was synonymized subjectively with Atlantosauridae by Bonaparte (1978); it was reranked as the unranked clade Diplodocidae by Tschopp et al. (2015).

It was assigned to Sauropoda by Vetter (1884); to Opisthocoelia by Hay (1902); to Diplodocia by Tornier (1913); to Allophagi by Jaekel (1914); to Homalosauropodidae by Huene (1948) and Young (1958); to Sauropoda by Bakker (1986); to Neosauropoda by Wilson and Sereno (1994) and Salgado et al. (1997); to Sauropoda by McIntosh (1997); to Sauropoda by Marsh (1884), Marsh (1884), Marsh (1885), Marsh (1895), Marsh (1896), Marsh (1898), Huene (1908), Huene (1908), Huene (1909), von Zittel (1911), Huene (1914), Nopcsa (1923), Huene (1927), Huene (1927), Huene (1959), Galton (1977), Russell (1984), Bonaparte (1986), Carroll (1988), McIntosh (1990), Benton (1990) and Bonaparte (1999); to Diplodocimorpha by Calvo and Salgado (1995) and Salgado (1999); to Sauropoda by Dollo (1884), Dollo (1889), Zittel (1890), Mansel-Pleydell (1902), Joubert (1908), Arldt (1909), Matthew (1915), Lull (1924), Nopcsa (1928), Roxo (1937), Kuhn (1946), Lapparent (1947), Bonaparte (1980), McIntosh (1981) and Chure et al. (2006); to Flagellicaudata by Gallina and Apesteguía (2005), Taylor and Naish (2005), Rauhut et al. (2005), Salgado et al. (2006), Remes (2007), Remes (2009), Whitlock (2011), Ibiricu et al. (2012), Tschopp and Mateus (2013), Gallina et al. (2014) and Tschopp et al. (2015); and to Diplodocoidea by Upchurch (1995), Upchurch (1995), Hunt et al. (1995), Wilson and Smith (1996), Sereno (1997), Upchurch (1997), Dong (1998), Sereno (1998), Wilson and Sereno (1998), Sereno (1999), Sereno et al. (1999), Wilson (2002), Upchurch et al. (2004), Apesteguía (2005), Remes (2006), Royo-Torres et al. (2007), Suteethorn et al. (2010) and Wilson and Allain (2015).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1884Diplodocidae Dollo p. 298
1884Diplodocidae Marsh
1884Diplodocidae Vetter p. 357
1885Diplodocidae Marsh p. 764
1889Diplodocidae Dollo p. 677
1890Diplodocidae Zittel p. 714
1895Diplodocidae Marsh
1896Diplodocidae Marsh p. 241
1898Diplodocidae Marsh p. 158
1902Diplodocidae Hay p. 486
1902Diplodocidae Mansel-Pleydell p. lxxv
1908Diplodocidae Huene p. 297
1908Diplodocidae Joubert p. 270
1909Diplodocidae Arldt p. 262
1909Diplodocidae Huene p. 14
1911Diplodocidae von Zittel p. 288
1913Diplodocidae Tornier p. 370
1914Diplodocidae Huene p. 38
1914Diplodocidae Jaekel p. 197
1915Diplodocidae Matthew p. 32
1923Diplodocidae Nopcsa p. 126
1924Diplodocidae Lull p. 236
1927Diplodocidae Huene p. 124
1928Diplodocidae Nopcsa p. 184
1937Diplodocidae Roxo p. 65
1946Diplodocidae Kuhn p. 66
1947Diplodocidae Lapparent p. 17
1948Diplodocidae Huene p. 93
1958Diplodocidae Young p. 25
1959Diplodocidae Huene p. 122
1977Diplodocidae Galton p. 230
1980Diplodocidae Bonaparte p. 82
1981Diplodocidae McIntosh p. 17
1984Diplodocidae Russell p. 29
1986Diplodocidae Bakker p. 461
1986Diplodocidae Bonaparte p. 253
1988Diplodocidae Carroll
1990Diplodocidae Benton p. 19
1990Diplodocidae McIntosh p. 388
1994Diplodocidae Wilson and Sereno p. 52A
1995Diplodocidae Calvo and Salgado p. 14
1995Diplodocidae Hunt et al. pp. 263-264
1995Diplodocidae Upchurch p. 253
1996Diplodocidae Wilson and Smith p. 73A
1997Diplodocidae McIntosh p. 656
1997Diplodocidae Salgado et al. p. 25 fig. 19
1997Diplodocidae Sereno p. 453
1997Diplodocidae Upchurch p. 82A
1998Diplodocidae Dong p. 84
1998Diplodocidae Sereno p. 63
1998Diplodocidae Wilson and Sereno p. 17
1999Diplodocidae Bonaparte p. 141
1999Diplodocidae Salgado p. 204
1999Diplodocidae Sereno p. 2138 fig. 2
1999Diplodocidae Sereno et al. p. 1346 fig. 4
2002Diplodocidae Wilson p. 240 fig. 13
2004Diplodocidae Upchurch et al. p. 264
2005Diplodocidae Apesteguía p. 256
2005Diplodocidae Gallina and Apesteguía p. 159 fig. 5
2005Diplodocidae Rauhut et al. p. 672 fig. 2
2005Diplodocidae Taylor and Naish pp. 3-4
2006Diplodocidae Chure et al. p. 236
2006Diplodocidae Remes p. 664 fig. 9
2006Diplodocidae Salgado et al. p. 704 fig. 9
2007Diplodocidae Remes p. 654
2007Diplodocidae Royo-Torres et al. p. 184
2009Diplodocidae Remes p. 26
2010Diplodocidae Suteethorn et al.
2011Diplodocidae Whitlock
2012Diplodocidae Ibiricu et al. p. 220
2013Diplodocidae Tschopp and Mateus p. 877 fig. 11
2014Diplodocidae Gallina et al. p. 2 fig. 4
2015Diplodocidae Tschopp et al.
2015Diplodocidae Wilson and Allain p. 25 fig. 16

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
RankNameAuthor
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
Neosauropoda
Diplodocoidea()
familyDiplodocidae
familyDiplodocidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
K. A. v. Zittel 1890Zähne eylindrisch, schlank, auf den vorderen Theil der Kiefer beschränkt. Schwanzicirhel lang, amphieöl, unten tief ausgehöhlt; Haemapophysen mit einem nach vorn und einem nach hinten gerichteten Ast. Sitzbein gerade, die distalen Enden nicht verbreitert, in der Symphyse zusammenstossend.
B. F. Nopcsa 1928teeth reduced; anterior limbs short; anterior dorsal spines bified
F. v. Huene 1948Nasal openings between the highly situated orbits; 15 cervicals, 10 dorsals; bifid neural spines; double-spined haemapophyses; lower arm elongated; metacarpus arranged in a cylinder. Upper Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteinfrao
Entire body: yesinfrao
Adult length: 10 to < 100infrao
Adult width: 10 to < 100infrao
Adult height: 10 to < 100infrao
Maximum body mass: 100000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 10000 kgg
Thickness: thickinfrao
Architecture: compact or denseinfrao
Form: sphericalinfrao
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partsinfrao
Grouping: gregariousinfrao
Environment: terrestrialinfrao
Locomotion: actively mobileinfrao
Life habit: ground dwellinginfrao
Diet: herbivoreinfrao
Reproduction: oviparousinfrao
Dispersal: direct/internalinfrao
Dispersal 2: mobileinfrao
Created: 2004-12-14 12:49:10
Modified: 2004-12-14 14:49:10
Source: g = genus, infrao = infraorder
References: Kiessling 2004, Peczkis 1995, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Kimmeridgian to the top of the Early/Lower Turonian or 157.30000 to 89.30000 Ma

Collections (152 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Georgia (Abkhaziya) Diplodocinae indet. (51908)
Late/Upper Oxfordian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian161.2 - 150.8USA (Wyoming) Apatosaurus sp., Barosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp., Amphicoelias brontodiplodocus (126540)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1USA (Colorado) Apatosaurus sp. (38883 49621) Diplodocidae indet., Apatosaurus sp., Diplodocinae indet. (154924) Diplodocus sp. (56590)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1USA (Utah) Brontosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp. (46439)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Argentina (Chubut) Diplodocidae indet. (172899)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1USA (Wyoming) Apatosaurus sp., Barosaurus sp., Diplodocinae indet. (46460) Apatosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp. (57903 75453 176983) Apatosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp., Brachiosaurus sp. (49577) Diplodocidae indet. (46462) Diplodocidae indet., Apatosaurus sp., Barosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp. (58510) Diplodocidae indet., Galeamopus pabsti (185607) Diplodocus sp. (46468 46469 47065) Diplodocus sp., Apatosaurus sp., Barosaurus sp. (46465)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1USA (Montana) Apatosaurus sp., Amphicoelias sp., Diplodocidae indet. (49624) Diplodocinae indet. (69890)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (New Mexico) Apatosaurus sp. (38867) Diplodocidae indet. (22717) Diplodocinae indet. (51992) Diplodocus carnegii (38872)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (South Dakota) Barosaurus lentus (49631) Barosaurus lentus, Barosaurus affinis (57905) Diplodocus sp. (57904)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Arizona) Apatosaurus sp. (70024)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Apatosaurus excelsus (57898 57900 57902 142335 142336 142337) Apatosaurus sp. (39339 48837 49628 55486 57894 57896 58512 192748) Apatosaurus sp., Apatosaurus louisae (52815) Apatosaurus sp., Barosaurus sp. (39342) Apatosaurus sp., Diplodocinae indet. (49636) Apatosaurus sp., Diplodocus longus (58509) Apatosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp. (49627 55320) Apatosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp., Diplodocus longus, Galeamopus hayi, Brontosaurus sp. (22648) Apatosaurus yahnahpin (55487) Barosaurus lentus (49637) Barosaurus sp. (49634) Brontosaurus amplus (39369) Brontosaurus excelsus (39368) Brontosaurus sp. (74000 188398) Diplodocidae indet. (58507 62576) Diplodocinae indet. (39337) Diplodocus carnegii (48565 57897) Diplodocus carnegii, Brontosaurus sp. (13352) Diplodocus longus (168056) Diplodocus sp. (13212 13214 39253 39344 39347 39370 55483 58513 142334 190894) Elosaurus parvus, Brontosaurus sp. (52816) Supersaurus vivianae (74664)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Montana) Sauropoda indet. (50714)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0Spain (Asturias) Diplodocinae indet. (91469)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Colorado) Amphicoelias altus (48148 48154) Apatosaurus ajax, Atlantosaurus immanis, Apatosaurus laticollis (13341) Apatosaurus excelsus (48161) Apatosaurus sp. (70028) Apatosaurus sp., Barosaurus sp., Diplodocidae indet. (11611) Barosaurus sp. (49622) Camarasaurus sp. (39377) Diplodocidae indet. (28382 58811) Diplodocus longus, Brontosaurus sp., Diplodocinae indet., Diplodocus sp., Galeamopus sp. (28366) Diplodocus sp. (25141 48162 48163 48166 48169 56599 68097) Diplodocus sp., Apatosaurus ajax (39376) Diplodocus sp., Brontosaurus excelsus (36576)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Utah) Apatosaurus sp. (96826) Apatosaurus sp., Barosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp. (58514) Brontosaurus parvus (58516) Diplodocidae indet. (192428) Diplodocus sp. (22711 58518)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8USA (Wyoming) Diplodocus sp., Apatosaurus sp. (22650)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Tanzania (Lindi) Barosaurus africanus (47151 47153)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Early/Lower Tithonian155.7 - 145.0USA (Colorado) Apatosaurus sp., Barosaurus sp., Dystylosaurus edwini, Diplodocoidea indet., Ultrasaurus sp., Sauropoda indet. (45975)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Early/Lower Tithonian155.7 - 145.0Portugal (Estremadura) Lourinhasaurus alenquerensis (49304)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Tithonian155.7 - 145.0USA (Oklahoma) Apatosaurus sp. (56422) Apatosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp. (49596 49597) Barosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp., Apatosaurus parvus, Brontosaurus excelsus (49338)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Tithonian155.7 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Barosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp. (22678)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Tithonian155.7 - 145.0USA (Colorado) Apatosaurus sp. (70032)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Tithonian155.7 - 145.0Tanzania (Lindi) Barosaurus africanus (48368)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Tanzania (Lindi) Barosaurus africanus (47122 47140 47144 47156 47160 47182 48350 48358 48365 48376 48385 97538) Diplodocidae indet. (48344 97544) Gigantosaurus africanus (47181) Tornieria sp. (121195)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0USA (South Dakota) Apatosaurus sp. (49625 49630) Diplodocinae indet. (132242)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Chile (Aisén) Diplodocinae indet., Diplodocidae indet. (83734)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Zimbabwe (Mashonaland North) Amphicoelias sp. (49105) Barosaurus sp., Tornieria sp. (49100)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Diplodocus sp. (55482 56654)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0USA (Colorado) Apatosaurus sp., Diplodocus sp. (71476) Diplodocidae indet. (53040)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0USA (Utah) Apatosaurus sp., Barosaurus sp., Barosaurus lentus, Apatosaurus louisae, Diplodocus hallorum, Diplodocinae indet., Diplodocus sp. (21852)
Middle Tithonian150.8 - 145.0USA (Utah) Diplodocidae indet. (52110)
Middle Tithonian - Early/Lower Berriasian150.8 - 140.2Spain (Teruel) Diplodocinae indet. (85290)
Late/Upper Berriasian - Valanginian145.0 - 132.9Argentina (Neuquén) Leinkupal laticauda (156241)
Berriasian - Hauterivian145.0 - 129.4South Africa (Eastern Cape) Diplodocinae indet. (174953 174954)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Argentina (Neuquén) Diplodocidae indet. (193674)
Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian129.4 - 122.46Argentina (Neuquén) Diplodocidae indet. (13333)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Karakalpakstan) Diplodocidae indet. (59697)