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Brachiosauridae (brachiosaurid)

Reptilia - Brachiosauridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1882Ornithopsis eucamerotus Hulke p. 375
1888Pleurocoelidae Marsh p. 92
1889Pleurocoelidae Dollo p. 677
1895Pleurocoelidae Marsh
1896Pleurocoelidae Marsh p. 242
1898Pleurocoelidae Marsh p. 158
1904Brachiosauridae Riggs
1908Ornithopsis eucamerotus Fraas p. 143
1927Brachiosauridae Huene p. 122
1928Brachiosauridae Nopcsa p. 184
1932Astrodontinae Huene p. 91
1936Brachiosauridae Swinton p. 209
1937Brachiosauridae Roxo p. 65
1946Astrodontinae Kuhn p. 66
1947Brachiosauridae Lapparent p. 17
1948Astrodontidae Huene p. 91
1948Brachiosauridae Huene p. 91
1956Brachiosauridae Romer p. 620
1958Astrodontidae Young p. 25
1959Astrodontidae Huene p. 121
1960Brachiosauridae Delair p. 81
1960Astrodontidae Lapparent p. 39
1963Brachiosauridae Parsch p. 4
1964Brachiosauridae Colbert p. 22 fig. 6
1964Brachiosauridae Tatarinov p. 547
1966Brachiosauridae Kuhn p. 98
1966Brachiosauridae Romer p. 370
1970Brachiosauridae Reig p. 279
1973Brachiosauridae Delair p. 4
1974Brachyosauridae Langston p. 82
1977Brachiosauridae Galton p. 230
1980Brachiosauridae Bonaparte p. 82
1980Brachiosauridae Ostrom p. 22
1982Brachiosauridae Santafé et al. p. 85
1984Brachiosauridae Russell p. 28
1986Brachiosauridae Bakker p. 461
1986Brachiosauridae Bonaparte p. 255
1988Brachiosauridae Carroll
1990Brachiosauridae Benton p. 19
1990Brachiosauridae Dong
1990Brachiosauridae McIntosh p. 381
1993Brachiosauridae Zhao p. 132
1995Brachiosauridae Hunt et al. p. 263
1995Brachiosauridae Upchurch p. 253
1997Brachiosauridae McIntosh p. 656
1997Brachiosauridae Sereno p. 444
1997Brachiosauridae Upchurch p. 82A
1998Brachiosauridae Sereno p. 63
1998Brachiosauridae Wilson and Sereno p. 54 fig. 44
1999Brachiosauridae Bonaparte pp. 149-150
1999Brachiosauridae Sereno p. 2138 fig. 2
1999Brachiosauridae Sereno et al. p. 1346 fig. 4
2004Brachiosauridae Upchurch et al. p. 267
2006Brachiosauridae Chure et al. p. 236
2006Brachiosauridae Moser et al. p. 45
2006Brachiosauridae Royo-Torres et al. p. 1926 fig. 3
2007Brachiosauridae Rose pp. 41-42 figs. 31-32
2007Brachiosauridae Royo-Torres et al. p. 185
2009Brachiosauridae Taylor p. 798
2010Brachiosauridae Mateus and Milàn p. 254
2012Brachiosauridae D'Emic
2013Brachiosauridae D'Emic
2013Brachiosauridae Mannion et al.
2016Brachiosauridae D'Emic et al.
2017Brachiosauridae Mannion et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
Neosauropoda
Macronaria
Titanosauriformes
familyBrachiosauridae
familyBrachiosauridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
B. F. Nopcsa 1928teeth strong; anterior limbs long
F. v. Huene 1948Presacrals with pleurocoela, but not so in caudals. Front leg equal or greater length than hind leg. Middle and Upper Jurassic.
F. v. Huene 1948 (Astrodontidae)In certain instances a much increased number of cervicals. Whole Cretaceous.
M. P. Taylor 2009Ratio of humerus:femur length ≥ 0.90 (character 206); centroprezygapophyseal lamina on middle and posterior dorsal vertebrae undivided at upper end (character 138); anterior dorsal vertebrae with long diapophyses (Janensch, 1950a:72); neural spines low in posterior dorsals, taller anteriorly (Janensch, 1950a:72); ilium with strongly developed anterior wing (Janensch, 1961:200); ilium with compressed pubic peduncle (Janensch, 1961:200); ratio of mediolateral:anteroposterior diameter of femur at midshaft ≥ 1.85 (character 284).