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Psittacosauridae

Reptilia - Psittacosauridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1923Psittacosauridae Osborn p. 6
1924Psittacosauridae Osborn
1927Stenopelyxidae Nopcsa
1928Psittacosauridae Nopcsa p. 185
1929Psittacosauridae Nopcsa p. 71
1934Psittacosauridae Huene p. 15
1937Psittacosauridae Roxo p. 65
1946Psittacosauridae Kuhn p. 66
1946Stenopelyxidae Kuhn p. 66
1948Psittacosauridae Huene p. 94
1956Psittacosauridae Romer p. 631
1959Psittacosauridae Huene p. 122
1963Psittacosauridae Parsch p. 4
1964Psittacosauridae Kuhn p. 29
1964Psittacosauridae Tatarinov p. 555
1966Psittacosauridae Kuhn p. 103
1966Psittacosauridae Romer p. 370
1970Psittacosauridae Swinton p. 232
1970Psittacosauridae Thulborn p. 428 fig. 9
1971Psittacosauridae Thulborn p. 77
1972Psittacosauridae Galton p. 466
1974Psittacosauridae Thulborn p. 172
1977Psittacosauridae Thulborn p. 737
1978Psittacosauridae Bonaparte p. 569
1980Psittacosauridae Ostrom p. 22
1982Psittacosauridae Coombs, Jr. p. 100
1982Psittacosauridae Sues and Galton p. 189
1984Psittacosauridae Norman p. 160 fig. 2
1985Stenopelixidae Cooper p. 291
1985Psittacosauridae Cooper p. 292
1985Psittacosauridae Maryanska and Osmólska pp. 143-144 fig. 1
1986Psittacosauridae Bakker p. 461
1986Psittacosauridae Ostrom and Wellnhofer p. 117
1988Psittacosauridae Carroll
1990Psittacosauridae Dodson p. 578
1990Psittacosauridae Sereno p. 589
1992Psittacosauridae Buffetaut and Ingavat
1997Psittacosauridae Dodson p. 473
1997Psittacosauridae Sereno p. 611
2004Psittacosauridae You and Dodson p. 479
2006Psittacosauridae Campione and Holmes p. 1014
2007Psittacosauridae Chinnery and Horner p. 638 fig. 6
2008Psittacosauridae Butler et al. p. 22 figs. 2-4
2010Psittacosauridae Sereno p. 25
2012Psittacosauridae Han et al. p. 1391 fig. 14
2015Psittacosauridae Zheng et al. p. 6–7 fig. 3

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Ornithischia()
Neornithischia()
Clypeodonta
Cerapoda
Marginocephalia
Ceratopsia()
familyPsittacosauridae
familyPsittacosauridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
B. F. Nopcsa 1928skullhigh, broad posteriorly; upper temporal vacuities present; teeth comparatively simple and few in number; semiquadrupedal; pseudopectineal process short; ischium without flange; very feeble dermal armour
F. v. Huene 1948Semi-bipedal. Skull short, anterior portion high; supraorbital; few teeth, all sides with enamel; prodental; 6 cervicals, 16 dorsals, 5-6 sacrals; small clavicle; foreleg used in locomotion; ulnar side of manus reduced; pubis half the length of ischium; tibia longer than femur; pes high, functionally tridactylous. Lower Cretaceous.
P. M. Galton 1972High, broad and relatively large skull, deep beak formed by rostral bone, inset cheek teeth with randomly formed wear surfaces, long anterior process to pubis.
P. C. Sereno 2010Same as Psittacosaurus
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Maximum body mass: 100 kgg
Minimum body mass: 30 kgg
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: gregariouso
Environment: terrestrialsubo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingsubo
Diet: herbivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2005-09-15 11:08:09
Modified: 2005-09-15 13:08:09
Source: g = genus, subo = suborder, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Peczkis 1995, Norman and Weishampel 1991, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Valanginian to the top of the Late/Upper Albian or 139.80000 to 99.60000 Ma

Collections (62 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Jurassic - Early/Lower Cretaceous163.5 - 100.5Mongolia (Bayankhongor) Psittacosauridae indet. (69914)
Berriasian - Valanginian145.0 - 132.9Mongolia (Ovorhangai) Psittacosaurus sp. (94111)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5China (Nei Mongol) Psittacosaurus guyangensis, Psittacosaurus osborni (49797) Psittacosaurus sp. (85296)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5China (Xinjiang) Psittacosaurus sp. (28919) Psittacosaurus xinjiangensis (52158)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Mongolia (Dornogov) Psittacosauridae indet. (127658) Psittacosaurus sp. (48931)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Mongolia (Ovorkhangai) Psittacosaurus mongoliensis (48936) Psittacosaurus sp. (59358 70140 79703) Psittacosaurus sp., Protiguanodon mongoliense (48939) Psittacosaurus sp., Psittacosaurus mongoliensis (48937)
Valanginian - Early/Lower Hauterivian139.8 - 130.0China (Nei Mongol) Psittacosauridae indet., Psittacosaurus sp. (46931)
Valanginian - Albian139.8 - 100.5China (Nei Mongol) Psittacosaurus neimongoliensis (46905) Psittacosaurus sp. (46906 46907 46929) Psittacosaurus sp., Psittacosaurus ordosensis (46934)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0Russian Federation (Krasnoyarsk) Psittacosaurus sp. (53148)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Psittacosaurus major (73438) Psittacosaurus sp. (25835 50467 50469 50470 52888)
Late/Upper Barremian - Aptian130.0 - 113.0Russian Federation (Buryat) Psittacosaurus sp. (58196)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0China (Gansu) Psittacosaurus mazongshanensis (45166 45167)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Russian Federation (Kemerovo) Psittacosaurus sp. (39680) Psittacosaurus sp., Psittacosaurus sibiricus (52808)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Psittacosauridae indet. (53493) Psittacosaurus lujiatunensis (75472 75511) Psittacosaurus major (83249) Psittacosaurus sp. (73376)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0China (Nei Mongol) Protiguanodon mongoliense, Psittacosaurus osborni, Psittacosaurus tingi (49343) Psittacosaurus sp. (46881 97753)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0China (Liaoning) Psittacosaurus meileyingensis (52459 52460) Psittacosaurus mongoliensis (52461) Psittacosaurus sp. (52458)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0China (Shandong) Psittacosaurus sinensis (55473 55475)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Mongolia (Ovorhangai) Psittacosaurus mongoliensis (52127 88097)
Aptian - Early/Lower Albian125.0 - 109.0China (Xinjiang) Psittacosaurus xinjiangensis (60365)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Thailand (Khon Kaen) Psittacosaurus sp. (93886)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5China (Shandong) P. sinensis (55476)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5China (Nei Mongol) Protiguanodon sp. (48930)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Russian Federation (Kemerovo) Psittacosaurus sp. (53147 167303 167304)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Mongolia (Ovorhangai) Psittacosaurus mongoliensis (77191)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Mongolia (Dornogov) Psittacosaurus sp. (32362)
Late/Upper Aptian - Albian122.46 - 100.5Mongolia (Dornogov) Psittacosaurus sp. (189413)
Middle Albian - Late/Upper Albian109.0 - 99.6Mongolia (Dornogov) Psittacosaurus sp. (52007 55328 164560)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0China (Ningxia) Psittacosaurus sp. (62323)