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Aepyornithidae (elephant bird)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Aepyornithidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1853Aepyornithidae Bonaparte
1933Aepyornithidae Lambrecht p. 193
1960Aepyornithidae Wetmore p. 24
1988Aepyornithidae Carroll
2007Aepyornithidae Livezey and Zusi p. 89

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
RankNameAuthor
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithurae
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
superorderPalaeognathae(Pycraft 1900)
Ratitae(Merrem 1813)
superorderStruthionimorphae
orderAepyornithiformes
familyAepyornithidaeBonaparte 1853
familyAepyornithidaeBonaparte 1853

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:39:15
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:39:15
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Early/Lower Miocene to the top of the Holocene or 23.03000 to 0.00000 Ma

Collections (9 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Libya Aepyornithidae indet. (13065)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Kenya Aepyornithidae indet. (22241)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Madagascar Aepyornis sp. (195018) Aepyornis sp., Mullerornis sp. (95824 95827)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Madagascar Aepyornis sp. (181845) Aepyornis sp., Mullerornis sp. (195019)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Madagascar (Toliara) Aepyornis sp. (92732) Mullerornis sp. (92733)