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Todidae

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Todidae

Taxonomy
Todidae was named by Vigors (1825). It is extant. Its type is Todus.

It was assigned to Halcyones by Carroll (1988); to Alcedinoidea by Livezey and Zusi (2007); to Alcediniformes by Mayr and Knopf (2007) and Mayr and Micklich (2010); and to Coraciiformes by Clements et al. (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1825Todidae Vigors
1988Todidae Carroll
2007Todidae Livezey and Zusi p. 94
2007Todidae Mayr and Knopf p. 1295
2010Todidae Mayr and Micklich p. 389
2017Todidae Clements et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
RankNameAuthor
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithurae
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
Neognathae(Pycraft 1900)
NeoavesSibley et al. 1988
Terrestrornithes
Dendrornithes
AnomalogonatesGarrod 1874
Picoclamatores
superorderPasserimorphaeSibley et al. 1988
orderCoraciiformesForbes 1884
familyTodidaeVigors 1825
familyTodidaeVigors 1825

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:39:15
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:39:15
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Rupelian to the top of the Holocene or 33.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 28.1 Ma

Collections (3 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Palaeotodus itardiensis, Palaeotodus itardiensis (68021)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Dominican Republic Todus angustirostris, Todus subulatus (194485)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Haiti Todus angustirostris (194483)