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Strigiformes (owl)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1830Strigiformes Wagler
1960Strigiformes Wetmore p. 28
1988Strigiformes Carroll
1992Strigiformes Guthrie p. 324
1992Strigiformes Parmalee p. 314
2007Strigiformes Livezey and Zusi p. 93

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
RankNameAuthor
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithurae
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
Neognathae(Pycraft 1900)
NeoavesSibley et al. 1988
Terrestrornithes
Dendrornithes
RaptoresBaird 1858
superorderFalconimorphae
orderStrigiformesWagler 1830
orderStrigiformesWagler 1830

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: volanto
Diet: carnivoreo
Vision: well-developedo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Brooding: yeso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2011-08-20 11:43:35
Modified: 2011-08-19 20:43:35
Source: o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Kurochkin and Dyke 2011, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Selandian to the top of the Holocene or 61.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 59.2 Ma

Collections (283 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Colorado) Ogygoptynx wetmorei (14967)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Germany (Saxony-Anhalt) Berruornis sp., Aves indet. (74643)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0France (Champagne-Ardenne) Berruornis orbisantiqui (68428 87925)
Lysitean55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Eostrix martinellii (74295)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6Mongolia (Omnogov) Eostrix tsaganica (114685)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Minerva saurodosis (106325) Protostrix leptosteus (16228) Strigiformes indet. (16296)
MP 1148.6 - 40.4Germany (Hessen) Strigogyps sp., Strigogyps sapea (22701)
Early/Lower Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (California) Protostrix californiensis (16692)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Belgium Prosybris antiqua (31748)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Mongolia Heterostrix tatsinensis (114684)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany (Saxony) Protostrigidae indet. (65173)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya Otus sp. (21726)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (South Dakota) Strix dakota (17912)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Slovakia Tyto sactialbani (73137)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Kenya Strigidae indet. (22241)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Ukraine Strigidae indet. (187783)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Italy (Cuneo) Strigidae indet. (175903)
Late/Upper Miocene - Pleistocene11.608 - 0.0117Ukraine Bubo longaevus (39817)
MN 911.1 - 9.7Hungary (Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) Athene sp., Strix brevis (75481)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Russian Federation (Rostovskaya Oblast') Strix sp., Bubo sp. (174455)