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Phaethontidae (tropicbird)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Phaethontidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1831Phaethontidae Brandt
1933Phaetontidae Lambrecht p. 276
1975Phaethontidae Olson p. 22
1985Phaethontidae Olson p. 194
1988Phaethontidae Carroll
2005Phaethontidae Bourdon et al. p. 167
2007Phaethontidae Livezey and Zusi p. 91
2011Phaethontidae Mayr p. 73 figs. Figure 5
2017Phaethontidae Clements et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
RankNameAuthor
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithurae
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
Neognathae(Pycraft 1900)
NeoavesSibley et al. 1988
NatatoresBaird 1858
Steganograllatores
superorderPelecanimorphaeHuxley 1867
orderPelecaniformesSharpe 1891
suborderPhaethontesSharpe 1891
familyPhaethontidaeBrandt 1831
familyPhaethontidaeBrandt 1831

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2017-04-17 10:40:27
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:40:27
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Benton 1983, Bush and Bambach 2015, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Ypresian to the top of the Holocene or 56.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 47.8 Ma

Collections (56 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Morocco (Oued Zem) Phaethusavis pelagicus (35132)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Maryland) Heliadornis ashbyi (70826)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Seychelles (Aldabra) Phaethon rubricauda (192429 192430)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Pitcairn Phaethon rubricauda (193762 193763 193764 193786 193787 193788 193789 193790 193791 193792 193793)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Tonga Phaethon lepturus (194751)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Cook Islands Phaethon lepturus (194757 194758 194762 194764 194765)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Marshall Islands Phaethon sp., Phaethon rubricauda (194995)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Bermuda Phaethon lepturus (82260)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Saint Helena Phaethon aethereus (176075 194221 194236 194290 194291)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Mauritius Phaethon lepturus (194031 194171)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Micronesia, Federated States of Phaethon lepturus (194650)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0French Polynesia Phaethon lepturus (194675 198017 198021 198024 198025 198026) Phaethon lepturus, Phaethon rubricauda (198009 198010 198023) Phaethon rubricauda (194673)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Niue Phaethon lepturus (193851 193852 193853 193862 193863 193864 193865)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Reunion Phaethon lepturus (193992 193994)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Northern Mariana Islands Phaethon lepturus (194622 194623 194624 194645 194647 194648)