Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy   Age range and collections

Monotremata (monotreme)

Mammalia - Monotremata

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1838Monotremata Bonaparte
1850Monotremata Bonaparte p. 1
1880Monotremata Huxley p. 653
1883Monotremata Flower p. 183
1891Monotremata Flower and Lydekker p. 88
1910Monotremata Gregory p. 464
1975Monotremata McKenna p. 40
1975Monotremata Woodburne and Tedford p. 3
1978Monotremata Murray p. 41
1982Monotremata Gardiner p. 229
1985Monotremata Archer et al. p. 364
1988Monotremata Carroll
1991Monotremata Griffiths et al. p. 90
1991Monotremata Nowak
1991Monotremata Wible
1998Monotremata Kirsch and Mayer p. 1234
2001Monotremata Luo et al. p. 56
2001Monotremata Rich et al. p. 114
2002Monotremata Rauhut et al.
2004Monotremata Kielan-Jaworowska et al. pp. 206-210
2008Monotremata Rowe et al. p. 1241
2011Monotremata Averianov and Lopatin p. 34

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
superclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
AustralosphenidaLuo et al. 2001
orderMonotremataBonaparte 1838
orderMonotremataBonaparte 1838

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialuc
Diet: insectivoreuc
Created: 2005-09-06 19:53:51
Modified: 2005-09-07 19:44:02
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Luo et al. 2003, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Hopson 1973

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Albian to the top of the Holocene or 113.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 112.03 Ma

Collections (29 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 112.03Australia (Victoria) Teinolophos trusleri (51961)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0Australia (Victoria) Kryoryctes cadburyi (38542)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Australia (New South Wales) Kollikodon ritchiei (95861)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Australia (New South Wales) Steropodon galmani (38539)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Argentina (Chubut) Ornithorhynchidae indet. (95914)
Late/Upper Oligocene - Early/Lower Miocene28.4 - 15.97Australia (South Australia) Obdurodon insignis (95828)
Late/Upper Oligocene - Middle Miocene28.4 - 11.608Australia (South Australia) Obdurodon insignis (45652 51412)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Australia (Queensland) Obdurodon dicksoni (92641) Obdurodon tharalkooschild (151091)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Australia (New South Wales) Echidna robusta, Ornithorhynchus agilis (95862)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Australia (South Australia) Obdurodon insignis (182109)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Australia ( New South Wales) Zaglossus sp. (182621)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (Queensland) Echidna oweni (95863) Ornithorhynchus agilis (28422)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (Tasmania) Zaglossus harrissoni (95911)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (Western Australia) Zaglossus hacketti (96022)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (New South Wales) Echidna oweni (95899)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) Megalibgwilia ramsayi (136073 136076 181305) Tachyglossus aculeatus (136159 136430) Zaglossus ramsayi (28298)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Australia (Victoria) Zaglossus ramsay (136221)
Quaternary2.588 - 0.0Australia (New South Wales) Tachyglossus aculeatus (181307)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) Tachyglossus aculeatus (136075)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) Tachyglossus aculeatus (182957)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Australia (Queensland) Ornithorhynchus anatinus, Tachyglossus aculeatus (21688)